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Vatican may refer to:

The Holy See[edit]

  • The Holy See, the governing body of the Catholic Church and sovereign entity recognized by international law, consisting of the pope and the Roman Curia
  • A metonym for the governance of the Catholic Church, particularly when attributing doctrine
  • Roman Curia, the administrative apparatus of the Holy See
  • Vatican Library, of the Roman Curia.
  • Vatican Apostolic Archive, which were separated from the Vatican Library in the 17th century
  • Vatican Publishing House, the publisher of official documents of the Holy See, separated from the Vatican Library in 1926

Vatican City[edit]

  • Vatican City, the city-state ruled by the pope in Rome, including St. Peter's Basilica, Sistine Chapel, Vatican Museums
  • Apostolic Palace, the official residence of the pope on the Vatican Hill, sometimes called the Vatican Palace
  • St. Peter's Basilica, principal church on the Vatican Hill, also known as the Vatican Basilica
  • Vatican Museums, contain cultural wealth of the Vatican


  • Ager Vaticanus, the alluvial plain on the right bank of the Tiber down to the Aventine hill and up to the confluence of the Cremera creek
  • Vatican Hill, a hill in Rome on the opposite side of the Tiber from the traditional seven hills of Rome

Other uses[edit]