Vauquelinia californica

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Vauquelinia californica
Vauquelinia californica 2.jpg
Close-up, inflorescence
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Vauquelinia
Species: V. californica
Binomial name
Vauquelinia californica
(Torr.) Sarg.
Vauquelinia californica range map.png
Distribution range

Vauquelinia californica, commonly known as Arizona rosewood, is an evergreen species of shrub or tree, in the rose family Rosaceae.[1]

The dark brown wood streaked with red, and is hard and very heavy, a beautiful 'rosewood.' It has dense white blossoms in early Spring.


The plant is native to the Southwestern United States in Arizona and southwestern New Mexico in Madrean Sky Islands habitats,[2] the Peninsular Ranges in Baja California[3] and northern Baja California Sur,[4] and Sonora in Northwestern Mexico.


From pollen core data, a portion of the prehistoric distribution of Vauquelinia californica has been mapped. For example, in the Late Wisconsin period, this species occurred at lower elevations within the Waterman Mountains in southern Arizona than currently found.[5]


Vauquelinia californica is cultivated as an ornamental plant. It is used as a drought-tolerant shrub, hedge, or small tree.[6] When trained as a single trunked tree, growth can be to 15 feet (4.6 m) in height.[7]

Foliage and flowers.


  1. ^ NPIN: Vauquelinia californica (Arizona rosewood)
  2. ^ "Vauquelinia". BONAP's North American Plant Atlas. The Biota of North America Program. 2011-01-28. Retrieved 2013-07-31. 
  3. ^ "The trees of Sonora, Mexico" (2001) p.279.
  4. ^ Little. Atlas of United States Trees, Volume 3, Minor Western Hardwoods, Map 197, Vauquelinia californica.
  5. ^ Hogan, C. Michael. "Elephant Tree: Bursera microphylla". GlobalTwitcher. Retrieved 2013-07-31. 
  6. ^ Vauquelinia californica
  7. ^ Arid Zone Trees: Vauquelinia californica

Further reading[edit]

  • Felger, et al. Richard Stephen Felger, Matthew Brian Johnson, Michael Francis Wilson (2001) The trees of Sonora, Mexico. 391 pages.
  • Little. Atlas of United States Trees, Volume 3, Minor Western Hardwoods, Little, Elbert L, 1976, US Government Printing Office. Library of Congress No. 79-653298. Map 197, Vauquelinia californica.
  • Potter, et al. D. Potter, T. Eriksson, R.C. Evans, S.H. Oh, J.E.E. Smedmark, D.R. Morgan, M. Kerr, K.R. Robertson, M.P. Arsenault, T.A. Dickinson and C.S. Campbell (2007). Phylogeny and classification of Rosaceae. Plant Systematics and Evolution. 266(1–2): 5–43.

External links[edit]