Vauxhall (UK Parliament constituency)

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Vauxhall
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Vauxhall in Greater London.
County Greater London
Electorate 73,274 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements North Lambeth, Vauxhall, Stockwell, Kennington, Clapham, Brixton, South Bank
Current constituency
Created 1950
Member of parliament Kate Hoey (Labour)
Number of members One
Created from Kennington and Lambeth North
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency London

Vauxhall is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament. Since a 1989 by-election, the seat has been represented by Kate Hoey, a Labour MP.[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

1950–1974: The Metropolitan Borough of Lambeth wards of Bishop's, Marsh, Oval, Prince's, and Vauxhall.

1974–1983: The London Borough of Lambeth wards of Bishop's, Oval, Prince's, Stockwell, and Vassall.

1983–1997: The London Borough of Lambeth wards of Bishop's, Clapham Town, Ferndale, Larkhall, Oval, Prince's, Stockwell, and Vassall.

1997–2010: The London Borough of Lambeth wards of Angell, Bishop's, Clapham Town, Ferndale, Larkhall, Oval, Prince's, Stockwell, and Vassall.

2010–present: The London Borough of Lambeth wards of Bishop's, Clapham Town, Ferndale, Larkhall, Oval, Prince's, Stockwell, and Vassall.

Vauxhall is wholly within the London Borough of Lambeth. The core of the constituency - unchanged from the former Lambeth North - is delimited by the River Thames to the west and north and the boundary with Southwark to the east.[citation needed]

Constituency profile[edit]

The seat includes all of Vauxhall, North Lambeth, Stockwell, Kennington and some of Brixton and north Clapham. Its landmarks include the London Eye, the Oval cricket ground and the National Theatre. Among the UK's most ethnically diverse constituencies, Vauxhall has Jamaican, Portuguese, Ghanaian and Ecuadorian communities; it also has a large LGBTQ community.

The southern area of the constituency, it consists of suburban semi-detached houses, populated by commuters, Clapham Town has provided hefty amounts of Conservaitve support, as has Bishop's which has multiple million-pound houses which overlook the River Thames, Houses of Parliament and Lambeth Palace.

Political history[edit]

Vauxhall in the Parliamentary County of London from 1950 to 1974

The area has consistently voted in parliamentary elections for Labour Members of Parliament since 1918, except in 1931. This includes the results of the former seat of Lambeth North, which had near-identical boundaries.[citation needed]

Since a 1989 by-election, the seat has been represented by Kate Hoey. Continuing a history as a safe seat for Labour, since her 1989 election, Hoey has consistently achieved majorities of 9,100 to 12,700 votes. The 2015 result made the seat the 105th safest of Labour's 230 seats by percentage of majority.[2]

Despite Hoey being a prominent campaigner for leaving the European Union, Vauxhall voted to remain in the EU by 77.6% in the national referendum on 23 June 2016.[3] In the 2017 general election, this led to her seat being targeted by pro-Remain organisations and high-profile individuals seeking to oust her in favour of the pro-EU Liberal Democrat candidate.[4] There had been a change.org petition calling for Hoey's deselection as the Labour candidate for the seat; however, due to party rules this was unsuccessful.[5][6] It was tweeted by the local Labour Party in February 2017 that they would be "distancing" themselves from Hoey over her support for Brexit. Subsequently, the tweet has been deleted and the local party has confirmed that she has their "full support".[citation needed] While Hoey did significantly increase her majority in 2017, the Liberal Democrat vote total more than trebled, and they moved back into second place having fallen to fourth behind the Conservatives and the Greens in 2015.

Prominent frontbenchers[edit]

George Strauss was appointed Minister of Supply from 1947 to 1951 during the Attlee Ministry. Kate Hoey was Minister for Sport (1999-2001) during the Blair Ministry.[citation needed]

Local government results[edit]

The local government wards in the constituency are currently entirely represented by Labour on Lambeth London Borough Council.[citation needed]

A single Conservative councillor represented the Clapham Town ward from 2002 until losing the seat in the 2006 Council Elections. Three Liberal Democrat councillors represented the Bishop's ward from 1990 to 2014; they subsequently lost the three ward seats to Labour. There has since been strong showings for the Conservatives in the Prince's, Clapham Town & Larkhall Park wards.[citation needed]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[7] Party
1950 George Strauss Labour
1979 Stuart Holland Labour
1989 by-election Kate Hoey Labour

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2017: Vauxhall[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Kate Hoey 31,576 57.3 +3.5
Liberal Democrat George Turner 11,326 20.5 +13.6
Conservative Dolly Theis 10,277 18.6 -8.7
Green Gulnar Hasnain 1,152 2.0 -5.6
Women's Equality Harini Iyengar 539 0.9 N/A
Pirate Mark Chapman 172 0.3 -0.1
Majority 20,250 36.7 +10.2
Turnout 55,042 67.1 +9.2
Labour hold Swing -5.1
General Election 2015: Vauxhall[9][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Kate Hoey 25,778 53.8 +4.0
Conservative James Bellis 13,070 27.3 +5.7
Green Gulnar Hasnain 3,658 7.6 +6.0
Liberal Democrat Adrian Hyyrylainen-Trett 3,312 6.9 -18.2
UKIP Ace Nnorom 1,385 2.9 N/A
Pirate Mark Chapman 201 0.4 N/A
Left Unity Simon Hardy 188 0.4 N/A
CISTA Louis Jensen 164 0.3 N/A
Whig Waleed Ghani 103 0.2 N/A
Socialist (GB) Daniel Lambert 82 0.2 -0.2
Majority 12,708 26.5 +1.8
Turnout 47,941 58.3 +0.6
Labour hold Swing +0.9
General Election 2010: Vauxhall[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Kate Hoey 21,498 49.8 -2.0
Liberal Democrat Caroline Pidgeon 10,847 25.1 -2.1
Conservative Glyn Chambers 9,301 21.5 +7.0
Green Joseph Healy 708 1.6 2.8
English Democrat Jose Navarro 289 0.7 +0.1
Christian Lana Martin 200 0.5 N/A
Socialist (GB) Daniel Lambert 143 0.3 -0.3
Anticapitalists Jeremy Drinkall 109 0.3 N/A
Animal Welfare James Kapetanos 96 0.2 N/A
Majority 10,651 24.7 - 2.0
Turnout 43,191 57.7 + 9.3
Labour hold Swing +0.1

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Vauxhall
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Kate Hoey 19,744 52.9 -6.2
Liberal Democrat Charles Anglin 9,767 26.1 +6.0
Conservative Edward Heckels 5,405 14.5 +1.1
Green Tim Summers 1,705 4.6 +0.2
UKIP Robert McWhirter 271 0.7 N/A
Socialist (GB) Daniel Lambert 240 0.6 N/A
English Democrat Janus Polenceus 221 0.6 N/A
Majority 9,977 26.7
Turnout 37,363 46.9 +2.1
Labour hold Swing
General Election 2001: Vauxhall
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Kate Hoey 19,738 59.1 -4.7
Liberal Democrat Anthony Bottrall 6,720 20.1 +4.1
Conservative Gareth Compton 4,489 13.4 -1.8
Green Shane Collins 1,485 4.4 +2.2
Socialist Alliance Theresa Bennett 853 2.6 N/A
Independent Martin Boyd 107 0.3 N/A
Majority 13,018 39.0
Turnout 33,392 44.8 -10.6
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Vauxhall
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Kate Hoey 24,920 63.8 +7.7
Liberal Democrat Keith Kerr 6,260 16.0 +1.6
Conservative Richard Bacon 5,952 15.2 -11.4
Socialist Labour Ian Driver 983 2.5 N/A
Green Shane Collins 862 2.2 N/A
Socialist (GB) Richard Headicar 97 0.3 N/A
Majority 18,660 47.8
Turnout 55.5
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1992: Vauxhall
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Kate Hoey 21,328 54.8 +4.6
Conservative Bernard Gentry 10,840 27.8 −1.2
Liberal Democrat Mike Tuffrey 5,678 14.6 −3.6
Green Penny Shepherd 803 2.1 +0.3
Independent A Khan 156 0.4 N/A
Revolutionary Communist S. Hill 152 0.4 N/A
Majority 10,488 26.9 +5.7
Turnout 38,957 62.4
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

Vauxhall by-election, 1989
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Kate Hoey 15,191 52.7 +2.5
Conservative Michael Keegan 5,425 18.8 -10.2
Social and Liberal Democrats Mike Tuffrey 5,043 17.5 −0.7
Green Henry Bewley 1,767 6.1 +4.3
The People's Candidate Hewie Andrew 302 1.1
The Greens Dominic Allen 264 0.9
Independent Rudy Narayan 179 0.6
Revolutionary Communist Don Milligan 177 0.6
Official National Front Patrick Harrington 127 0.4
Monster Raving Loony Screaming Lord Sutch 106 0.4
Christian Alliance David Black 86 0.3
National Front Ted Budden 83 0.3
Fellowship Geoffrey Rolph 24 0.1
Leveller Party William Scola 21 0.1
Majority 9,766 33.9
Turnout 28,795 44.4 -19.6
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1987: Vauxhall
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Stuart Holland 21,364 50.2 +3.7
Conservative David Lidington 12,345 29.0 +2.3
Social Democratic Simon Acland 7,764 18.2 −6.1
Green Janice Owens 770 1.8
Communist Dave Cook 223 0.5
Red Front Kunle Oluremi 117 0.3
Majority 9,019 21.2 +1.3
Turnout 42,583 64.0 −0.5
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1983: Vauxhall
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Stuart Holland 18,234 46.5
Conservative K Manning 10,454 26.7
Social Democratic Roger Liddle[12] 9,515 24.3
National Front J. Wright 508 1.3
Monster Raving Loony P. Lingard 266 0.7
Communist Dave Cook 199 0.5
Workers Revolutionary G Shorter 38 0.1
Majority 7,780 19.9
Turnout 39,214 64.5
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Vauxhall
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Stuart Holland 13,058 52.4
Conservative Philip Linnell Heslop 8,358 33.6
Liberal F Harrison 1,842 7.4
National Front V Atkinson 879 3.6
Labour Alliance Party D Elliot 565 2.3
Workers Revolutionary S Hannigan 153 0.6
Democratic Monarchist Public Safety White Resident Bill Boaks 44 0.2
Majority 4,700 18.9
Turnout 62.5
Labour hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Vauxhall
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour George Strauss 15,493 63.2
Conservative Victor MacColl 5,727 23.4
Liberal Edward Cousins 3,300 13.5
Majority 9,766 39.8
Turnout 52.7
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Vauxhall
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour George Strauss 16,135 52.4
Conservative Margaret Marshall 7,494 26.1
Liberal Edward Cousins 5,139 17.9
Majority 8,641 30.0
Turnout 62.2
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1970: Vauxhall
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour George Strauss 13,046 63.6
Conservative Clive W Jones 7,477 36.4
Majority 5,569 27.1
Turnout 54.4
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Vauxhall
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour George Strauss 15,233 66.6
Conservative Spencer Le Marchant 7,645 33.4
Majority 7,588 33.2
Turnout 58.6
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1964: Vauxhall
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour George Strauss 15,458 64.11
Conservative David Lane 8,653 35.89
Majority 6,805 28.22
Turnout 59.18
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Vauxhall
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour George Strauss 18,437 61.98
Conservative Elizabeth Havers 11,312 38.02
Majority 7,125 23.95
Turnout 23.95
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1955: Vauxhall
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour George Strauss 19,220 64.69
Conservative Edwin H. Lee 10,492 35.31
Majority 8,728 29.38
Turnout 62.74
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1951: Vauxhall
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour George Strauss 24,217 65.84
Conservative Edwin H. Lee 12,564 34.16
Majority 11,653 31.68
Turnout 73.65
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1950: Vauxhall
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour George Strauss 23,988 62.5
Conservative Alfred Frank Lockwood 10,618 27.7
Liberal Walter Stanley Dyer 3,251 8.5
Communist Margot Heinemann 508 1.3
Majority 13,370 34.9
Turnout 75.7
Labour win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
  3. ^ https://moderngov.lambeth.gov.uk/documents/s82579/EUREFResultsforLambeth.pdf?platform=hootsuite
  4. ^ "Pro-EU campaigners draw up 'attack list' of Brexiteer MPs they want to unseat in the general election". 25 April 2017. 
  5. ^ White, Roland (19 February 2017). "Kexit's a way off for Vauxhall remoaners". The Sunday Times. Retrieved 25 April 2017. (Subscription required (help)). 
  6. ^ Zeffman, Henry (25 April 2017). "Farron shrugs off gay sex row to target veteran's seat". The Times. Retrieved 25 April 2017. (Subscription required (help)). 
  7. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "V"
  8. ^ https://www.lambeth.gov.uk/sites/default/files/EC-Statement-of-Persons-Nominated-Notice-of-Poll-and-Situation-of-Polling-Stations-VAUXHALL.pdf
  9. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  10. ^ "Election results for Vauxhall, 7 May 2015". moderngov.lambeth.gov.uk. 7 May 2015. 
  11. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  12. ^ "BBC News - UK POLITICS - Roger Liddle, centre stage once more". 
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Thirsk and Malton
Constituency represented by the Father of the House
1974–1979
Succeeded by
Dagenham

Coordinates: 51°28′55″N 0°07′08″W / 51.482°N 0.119°W / 51.482; -0.119