Opel Combo

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Opel Combo
Opel Combo D Cargo.JPG
Overview
Manufacturer Opel
Production 1986–present
Body and chassis
Class Panel van/Leisure activity vehicle
Body style Van
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel drive
Chronology
Predecessor Bedford Beagle
Bedford Chevanne
Bedford HA
Bedford Rascal
Successor Chevrolet N200/N300 (for all Chevrolet rebadges only)

The Opel Combo is a panel van and leisure activity vehicle from the German automaker Opel. The Combo first appeared in 1993, a second generation model was introduced in 2001, and the third has been manufactured from December 2011, based on the Fiat Doblò. The name "Combo" was previously applied as a suffix to a three door panel van body style of Opel Kadett E from 1986 until 1993.

The Combo B and Combo C share platforms, vital components and some body panels with contemporary subcompact Opel Corsas, which used to be a typical pedigree for such a vehicle. The generations are denoted B and C in typical Opel fashion, but Holden applied the codes SB and XC respectively, reflecting the relation with SB and XC Holden Barinas (Opel Corsa B and C, respectively).

Kadett Combo (Combo A; 1986–1993)[edit]

Kadett Combo
Opel Combo 1.7D, front left (Lisbon).jpg
Opel Combo (1989–1993)
Overview
Also called Bedford Astramax
Bedford Astravan
Vauxhall Astravan
Vauxhall Astramax
Production 1986–1993
Assembly Portugal: Azambuja
United Kingdom: Ellesmere Port
Body and chassis
Class 3-door panel van
Platform T-body platform
Related Opel Kadett E

The Opel Kadett Combo was introduced in January 1986, and finished production in August 1993. It was based on the Opel Kadett E small family car. It was built in the United Kingdom, at Ellesmere Port by Vauxhall until January 1989. This was when the model was facelifted, with a new grille separate from the bumper (as for the Kadett).

At the same time, production was transferred to Azambuja, Portugal and the vans were now built by Opel. In Germany, it was sold with a 1.3 litre petrol engine or a 1.6 (later 1.7) litre diesel unit.[1] The 1.3 petrol unit was then changed to a 1.4.

Opel Kadett Combo 1.7 D (1986–1989), rear

In the United Kingdom, the three door estate based van was known as both the Bedford and Vauxhall Astravan, and the high roof van as the Bedford Astramax (Vauxhall later). The changeover from Bedford to Vauxhall took place on 1 June 1990, as Bedfords were better known as a producer of heavier trucks.[2]

The Astramax was available in 365 or 560 models, or somewhat better equipped 365L/560L versions.

1990–1993 Vauxhall Astramax 365

Combo B (1993–2001)[edit]

Combo B
Opel Combo front 20080625.jpg
Overview
Also called Vauxhall Combo
Holden Combo (SB)
Chevrolet Combo
Shanghai Auto Saibao
Production 1993–2001
Assembly Azambuja, Portugal
Body and chassis
Body style 3-door panel van
3-door LAV
Platform GM4200 platform
Related Opel Corsa B

The first generation of Combo, launched in October 1993, was based on the Opel Corsa B, launched six months earlier. The front part (up to the B-pillar) is practically identical with the Corsa (except for the roof spoiler), but the platform (and thus wheelbase and the body in general) is extended to accommodate a tall, boxy cargo compartment, capable of carrying a Europallet. The Combo B had symmetrical twin rear doors that opened to the side (rather than a single tailgate). These are counted as a single "door" when referring to the body style as three door.

Following the increasing popularity of leisure activity vehicles, Opel launched a five passenger version of the Combo in 1995, called Opel Combo Tour. It differed from the panel van version by having the cargo section fitted with side windows, and a three passenger split folding bench seat.

Although Combo's primary market was Europe, it has also been sold on other continents, in markets where GM traditionally use Opel derived models. As the Azambuja Opel plant in Portugal is the sole production site of all Combos, all those models were replaced gradually with the Combo C in 2001.

The Combo was also produced in relatively small numbers by SAIC subsidiary SAIC-Yizheng as the "Shanghai Auto (Shangqi) Saibao SAC6420", equipped with the same 1.6 litre engine and five speed manual transmission as the Buick Sail. Built from 2002 until 2005, there was also a DeLuxe version available, with alloy wheels and other extras.[3]

Holden in Australia launched the SB series Combo in February 1996.[4] It offered the 1.4 litre C14NZ engine, upgraded to C14SE specification in 1997. Sales continued until 2002, although the last SB Combos were built in 2001, but complianced as 2002 models. Production of the Combo A ended in August 2001.

Names and markets[edit]

  • Opel Combo – Europe (except for United Kingdom) and Chile before the rebranding in the late 1990s
  • Vauxhall Combo – United Kingdom
  • Holden Combo – Australia, New Zealand
  • Chevrolet Combo – Chile

Engines[edit]

Combo C (2001–2011)[edit]

Combo C
Opel Combo front 20080701.jpg
Opel Combo (2001–2003)
Overview
Also called Vauxhall Combo
Holden Combo (XC)
Chevrolet Combo
Production 2001–2011
Assembly Azambuja, Portugal (2001–2006)[5]
Zaragoza, Spain (2007–2011)
Body and chassis
Body style 4/5-door panel van
4/5-door LAV
Platform Gamma platform
Related Opel Corsa C
Opel Meriva A
Chevrolet Montana
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,715 mm (106.9 in)
Length 4,332 mm (170.6 in)
Width 1,685 mm (66.3 in)
Height 1,800 mm (70.9 in)

The second generation was launched at the Frankfurt Motor Show, in September 2001.[6] While most competitors severed their connections with their subcompact brethren, Opel decided to base the vehicle on the Corsa again. The use of subcompact Gamma platform constrained the overall width of the vehicle. While the general body shape was updated to fashionable "flush" look, the front part (up to the A-pillar) is shared with the Corsa. Compared to previous generation, the Combo C gained sliding rear side doors (versions with either single passenger side door or double doors are available). Sales began in October 2001.

An Opel Combo Tour version was also introduced, followed by Opel Combo Tour Tramp (Combo Tour Arizona in some markets), in an effort to attract leisure activity vehicle buyers. Combo Tour Tramp/Arizona was thought as a more off road recreational vehicle.

It features enhanced suspension tuning, increased ground clearance, chassis protection covers and numerous styling details that differentiate it from standard Combo Tours, with the intention to conjure a sturdy, outdoor sports related image. The Combo Tour was not offered by Vauxhall in the United Kingdom. Commercial van versions retained the symmetrical twin rear doors, while the Tour versions have an option of a single tailgate (opening to the top). The tailgate is standard on Tour Tramp/Arizona.

In December 2006, the Azambuja, Portugal factory closed down,[7] and the production of the Opel Combo transferred to Zaragoza, Spain in 2007.[8] Holden in Australia launched the XC series Combo in September 2002.[9] It offered the 1.6 litre Z16SE engine, upgraded to 1.4 litre Z14XEP specification in December 2004 for the MY05 update.

Although production ended in the end of 2011, Holden in Australia and New Zealand stockpiled sufficient Combo inventory to last until 2013, with the final 2011 build vehicles complianced in the beginning of 2012. In August 2013, CarAdvice announced that the Holden Combo had been quietly discontinued, and will not be replaced by the Combo D, available to European customers.[10]

Production of the Combo C ended in the end of 2011, in time for the December 2011 launch of the Combo D, which is based on the Fiat Doblò.[11]

Names and markets[edit]

  • Opel Combo – Europe (except for United Kingdom) and Singapore
  • Vauxhall Combo – United Kingdom
  • Holden Combo – Australia, New Zealand
  • Chevrolet Combo – Chile

Engines[edit]

Combo D (2011–present)[edit]

Combo D
Opel Combo 1.6 CDTI Edition (D) – Frontansicht, 18. März 2012, Wuppertal.jpg
Overview
Also called Fiat Doblò
Vauxhall Combo
Ram ProMaster City
Production 2011–present
Assembly Bursa, Turkey (Tofaş)
Body and chassis
Class Panel van/Leisure activity vehicle
Body style 4/5-door panel van
4/5-door LAV
Platform SCCS platform
Related Fiat Linea
Fiat 500L
Opel Meriva B
Powertrain
Engine 1.4 L Fire I4 (petrol)
1.4 L Fire Turbojet I4 (CNG)
1.6 L CDTI I4 (diesel)
Transmission 5-speed manual
6-speed manual
5-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase SWB: 2,755 mm (108.5 in)
LWB: 3,105 mm (122.2 in)
Length SWB: 4,390 mm (172.8 in)
LWB: 4,740 mm (186.6 in)
Width SWB: 1,832 mm (72.1 in)
LWB: 1,832 mm (72.1 in)
Height SWB: 1,845 mm (72.6 in)
LWB: 1,880 mm (74.0 in)

The third generation Combo has been manufactured from December 2011, and is based on the Fiat Doblò. The third generation Combo is manufactured in Turkey by Tofaş.[12] Sales began in January 2012.

Engines[edit]

Petrol engine
Model Engine Displacement Power Torque Note
1.4 FIRE I4 1368 cc 95 PS (70 kW; 94 hp) @6000 rpm 127 N⋅m (94 lb⋅ft) @4500 rpm 2011-on
Compressed natural gas
Model Engine Displacement Power Torque Note
1.4 FIRE CNG Turbo I4 1368 cc 120 PS (88 kW; 120 hp) @5000 rpm 207 N⋅m (153 lb⋅ft) @3000 rpm 2011-on
Diesel engine
Model Engine Displacement Power Torque Note
1.6 CDTI I4 1598 cc 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) @4000 rpm 290 N⋅m (210 lb⋅ft) @1500 rpm 2011-on
1.6 CDTI I4 1598 cc 105 PS (77 kW; 104 hp) @4000 rpm 290 N⋅m (210 lb⋅ft) @1500 rpm 2011-on

Combo E (2018-present)[edit]

The fourth generation Combo was unveiled at the 2018 Geneva Auto Show. It is a sister model to the Citroën Berlingo and Peugeot Rifter, as the PSA Group bought Opel in March 2017.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lastauto Omnibus Katalog 1990, p. 153
  2. ^ Weatherley, Brian, ed. (1990-05-31). "Retirement for Bedford name". Commercial Motor. Sutton, Surrey: Reed Business Publishing Group. 172 (4371): 24. ISSN 0010-3063. 
  3. ^ De Feyter, Tycho (2011-12-08). "Spotted in China: Shanghai Auto Saibao panel van". CarNewsChina.com. 
  4. ^ "Holden's Unique New Combo Delivers Unbeatable Van Value, Car-Like Comfort And Safety". AutoWeb. 13 February 1996. Archived from the original on 10 August 2014. Retrieved 9 August 2014. 
  5. ^ "Opel. Opel in Portugal". Car-cat.com. Retrieved 2010-07-19. 
  6. ^ "World premiere at the Frankfurt Motor Show: Opel Combo Tour". The Auto Channel. 22 August 2001. Retrieved 11 May 2015. 
  7. ^ Patel, Pritesh; Scott, Candida (2007-04-18). "Opel Antwerp Loses Out on Next Astra Production Allocation, Strikes Begin". IHS Inc. Retrieved 2015-05-12. 
  8. ^ "Zaragoza Plant. Facts and Figures". Opel. Retrieved 2015-05-12. 
  9. ^ Pettendy, Marton (18 July 2011). "First look: Opel outs next Combo". GoAuto. Retrieved 9 August 2014. 
  10. ^ Beissmann, Tim (8 August 2013). "Holden Combo discontinued, no plans for replacement". CarAdvice. Retrieved 9 August 2013. 
  11. ^ "Fiat and Opel/Vauxhall Sign Contract for Combo Successor". Vauxhall. 2010-11-29. Retrieved 2015-05-12. 
  12. ^ "Fiat to Build Combo for Opel". autoevolution.com. Retrieved 2010-12-02. 

External links[edit]