Vauxhall by-election, 1989
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The 1989 by-election was caused by Stuart Holland's resignation to take up an academic job in preference to remaining in the Labour Party. There was controversy surrounding the Labour candidate selection process. Black candidate Martha Osamor had the most nominations, with Hoey only having one, but the National Executive Committee declined to shortlist Osamor and imposed a shortlist on the constituency party. When the local party refused to chose from the shortlist, Hoey was imposed by the NEC as the Labour candidate.
The by-election was contested by 14 candidates: one of the longest lists of serious candidates at any by-election in the 1980s. Don Milligan stood as the candidate of the Revolutionary Communist Party and made the struggle for gay equality the centrepiece of his campaign. Rev Hewie Andrew stood as "The People's Candidate", out of protest at the Labour Party's selection process for their candidate. There were two "Green" candidates: Henry Bewley (who represented the Green Party officially, and Dominic Allen (sponsored by a religious cult) who used the title "The Greens". This was the first time the Green Party saved its deposit in a UK Parliamentary election. There were two National Front candidates, from their warring "Official" and "Flag" factions.
At close of nominations, there had been 15 contenders, with rival candidates for the 'Social & Liberal Democrats' and 'Continuing Social Democratic Party'. However, the SDP candidate, Tom Edwards, withdrew his candidature before the notice of poll.
|Social and Liberal Democrats||Mike Tuffrey||5,043||17.5||−0.7|
|The People's Candidate||Hewie Andrew||302||1.1||N/A|
|The Greens||Dominic Allen||264||0.9||N/A|
|Revolutionary Communist||Don Milligan||177||0.6||N/A|
|Official National Front||Patrick Harrington||127||0.4||N/A|
|Monster Raving Loony||Screaming Lord Sutch||106||0.4||N/A|
|Christian Alliance||David Black||86||0.3||N/A|
|National Front||Ted Budden||83||0.3||N/A|
|Leveller Party||William Scola||21||0.1||N/A|
- Wintour, Patrick; Bowcott, Owen (18 May 1989). "Labour imposes Vauxhall choice". The Guardian. p. 24.
-  Archived 27 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Vauxhall 1989 David Owen Papers University of Liverpool Library
- Boothroyd, David. "Results of Byelections in the 1987-92 Parliament". United Kingdom Election Results. Retrieved 2015-10-01.