Vazhappally Maha Siva Temple

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Vazhappally Maha Siva Temple
Eastern entrance of Vazhappally temple
Eastern entrance of Vazhappally temple
Vazhappally Maha Siva Temple is located in Kerala
Vazhappally Maha Siva Temple
Location within Kerala
Geography
Coordinates9°27′21.852″N 76°31′35.8824″E / 9.45607000°N 76.526634000°E / 9.45607000; 76.526634000Coordinates: 9°27′21.852″N 76°31′35.8824″E / 9.45607000°N 76.526634000°E / 9.45607000; 76.526634000
CountryIndia
StateKerala
DistrictKottayam
LocationVazhappally, Changanassery
Culture
SanctumLord Shiva,
Parvati,
Ganesha
Major festivalsPainkuni Festival,
Mudiyeduppu,
Shivaratri
Architecture
ArchitectureKerala Traditional
InscriptionsVazhappally Script
History
Date builtReconstructed c. 800 CE [1]
CreatorChera Dynasty

Vazhappally Sree Mahadevar Temple is a Hindu temple located in Vazhappally near Changanassery in Kottayam district in the Indian state of Kerala. Believed to be constructed in the 1st Chera King Dynasty. According to the legend, Kerala is the land gifted by Lord Parasurama, the sixth incarnation of Lord Maha Vishnu. The installation of the idol of the Lord Mahadeva was performed by Lord Parasurama himself.[2][3] This magnificent temple is one among the 108 Siva Temples established by Lord Parasurama. Lord Maha Vishnu was incarnated as Parasurama in the Tretayuga; the exact period of installation of this temple is not known.[4]

History[edit]

Flag mast of Mahadevar temple

Vazhappally temple is historically important and contains some lithic records of the reign of Rajasekhara Varma Kulasekhara (c. 800—844 CE [5]) besides some fine seventeenth century wood carvings (Daarusilpas) depicting figurines from epics. The Vattezhuttu inscription on the northern part of the base of the cultural shrine indicates that the repairs were completed in Kollam era 840 (1665 AD). It is an ancient Grama Kshethra also known as “Dakshina Kailasam”

In ancient period, this temple had 54,000 para paddy fields (Nilam). The soldiers of Chempakassery Raja killed one Unni of Changazhimuttom family of Kuttanadu who has gone there to measure the “Patta Nelu” of Devaswom at Venattukara field. He is installed as a Bhramma Rakshas in this temple. In order to satisfy the Bhrahmma Rakshas, “Kazhumaram” was being made in front of the Rakshas Shrine and the Prathiroopam of Chempakassery Raja is hanged. But later, these forms were removed. The Raja gave the pooja items for Pantheeradi to the temple as a mark of his repentance for killing Unni. The Raja has appointed the members of Thiruvenkitapuram Warriam as the heir of “Pantheeradi Choru”.

The idol of the vazhappally temple is centuries old and is considered as the Siva of Neelamperoor temple. The legend behind this concept is that CheraRajaPallibana Perummal, a follower of Budha, when de-throwned by the “Hindu Bhattas” following a defeat in argument, reached Neelamperoor. The news came to the ears of the potties of pathillams (Chengazhimuttam, Kainikkara, Eravimangalam, Kunnithidasserry, Athrasserry, Kolencherry, Kizhangazhuthu, Kannancherry, Thalavana etc.),that perumal is going to install his personal idol at Neelamperoor. Pathillathil Pottimars run with the idol Shiva of Neelamperoor and installed that idol at Vazhappally.

The Vazhappally Script (Vazhappally Sasanam)[edit]

The Vazhappally Script
The Script/Plates Description

The Vazhappally Sasanam or Vazhappally inscription is said to be the oldest malayalam rock inscription of the Chera (Kulasekhara) kings (who had Mahodayapuram as their capital) discovered in the state. Some historians are of the view that the Thrikkakkara inscription is the oldest.[6][7]

The Vazhappally inscription begins with the wordings: "Namassivaya Sree Rajarajadhiraja Parameswara Bhattaraka Rajasekaradevarku". Though the Tamil alphabet became popular in Tamil Nadu by the eleventh century, Vattezhuthu alphabet was in use in Kerala till fifteenth century. The Grantha alphabet underwent modifications to become Arya alphabet in Kerala [8].

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Narayanan, M. G. S. "Perumals of Kerala: Brahmin Oligarchy and Ritual Monarchy—Political and Social Conditions of Kerala Under the Cera Perumals of Makotai (c. AD 800–AD 1124)" Kerala. Calicut University Press. 1996
  2. ^ Book Title: The Collected Aithihyamaala - The Garland of legends from Kerala Volume 1-3, Author: Kottarathil Sankunni Translated by Leela James, ISBN 978-93-5009-968-1; Publisher: Hachette Book Publishing india Pvt Ltd, 4/5 floor, Corporate Centre, Plot No.:94, Sector 44, Gurgaon, India 122003; (First published in Bhashaposhini Literary Magazine in 1855~1937)
  3. ^ Book Title: Kerala District Gazetteers: Palghat; Gazetteer of India Volume 6 of Kerala District Gazetteers, Kerala (India) Authors Kerala (India), C. K. Kareem Publisher printed by the Superintendent of Govt. Presses, 1976 Original from the University of Michigan Digitized 2 Sep 2008 Subjects History › Asia › India & South Asia History / Asia / India & South Asia Kerala (India)
  4. ^ Book Title: Cultural Heritage of Kerala; Author Name: A. Sreedhara Menon; Publisher Name: D.C. Books, 2008; ISBN 8126419032, 9788126419036; Length 312 pages
  5. ^ Narayanan, M. G. S. "Perumals of Kerala: Brahmin Oligarchy and Ritual Monarchy—Political and Social Conditions of Kerala Under the Cera Perumals of Makotai (c. AD 800–AD 1124)" Kerala. Calicut University Press. 1996
  6. ^ Title Journal of the Epigraphical Society of India, Volume 24 Contributor Epigraphical Society of India Publisher The Society, 1998 Original from the University of Michigan Digitized 8 May 2008
  7. ^ Book Title: The Dravidian Languages; Author/Edited by: Sanford B. Steever; Publisher: Routledge, 11 New Fetter Lane, London EC4P 4EE; British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data; ISBN 0-415-10023-2 First published 1998
  8. ^ Book Title: EARLY TAMIL EPIGRAPHY, Volume 62 Early Tamil Epigraphy Volume 62 of Harvard oriental series Editor Iravatham Mahadevan Edition illustrated Publisher Cre-A, 2003 Original from the University of Michigan Digitized 17 May 2008 ISBN 0674012275, 9780674012271 Length 719 pages

Temple Photos[edit]