Vazhappally Maha Siva Temple

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Vazhappally Maha Siva Temple
150px
Eastern entrance of Vazhappally temple
Religion
AffiliationHinduism
DistrictKottayam
Deity
Festivals
Location
LocationVazhappally, Changanassery
StateKerala
CountryIndia
Vazhappally Maha Siva Temple is located in Kerala
Vazhappally Maha Siva Temple
Location within Kerala
Geographic coordinates9°27′21.852″N 76°31′35.8824″E / 9.45607000°N 76.526634000°E / 9.45607000; 76.526634000Coordinates: 9°27′21.852″N 76°31′35.8824″E / 9.45607000°N 76.526634000°E / 9.45607000; 76.526634000
Temple(s)2

Vazhappally Sree Mahadeva Temple is a Hindu temple located in Vazhappally near Changanassery in Kottayam district in the Indian state of Kerala. The temple is administered by the Travancore Devaswom Board.

The temple is believed to be constructed by the first Chera king of Kodungallur. The legends suggest that the installation of the idol of god Mahadeva (Shiva) was performed by Parasurama himself.[1][2] This temple is one among the 108 Shiva temples established by Parasurama.[3]

Vazhappally copper plate, dated to early 9th century AD, is the earliest available inscription in Malayalam language. It is a temple committee resolution in the presence of the Chera king of Kodungallur Rama "Rajasekhara" (9th century AD[4])[5][6] Rajasekhara is usually identified by scholars with Cheraman Perumal Nayanar, the venerated Shaiva (Nayanar) poet-musician.[7][8]

It is one of the few temples in Kerala where two nalambalams and two flag-masts are dedicated.[3] The temple, a Grama Kshetra, also contains some seventeenth century wood carvings (daru silpas) depicting figurines from epics. A Vattezhuttu inscription on the northern part of the base of the cultural shrine indicates that the repairs were completed in Kollam Era 840 (1665 AD).

History[edit]

Flag-mast of the Vazhappally Temple

The idol god Mahadeva (Shiva) of Vazhappally Temple is considered as the Shiva of Neelamperoor Temple.

The legend behind this concept is that Chera king Palli Bana Perumal, when de-throwned by the Bhattas (learned Brahmins) following a defeat in argument, traveled to Neelamperoor. The news came to the ears of the Potti Leaders of the Pathu Illams (Chengazhi Muttam, Kainikkara, Eravi Mangalam, Kunnithidasserry, Athrasserry, Kolencherry, Kizhangazhuthu, Kannancherry, Thalavana etc.), that the king is going to install his own personal idol at Neelamperoor. The Potti Leaders of the Pathu Illams thus managed to run with the idol of Neelamperoor Shiva and install it at Vazhappally.

A panorama of Vazhappally Temple

Vazhappally copper plate[edit]

Vazhapalli copper plate (c. 830 CE) - single plate with writing on both sides.

Vazhappally copper plate (c. 830 AD) is the earliest available inscription in Malayalam language. It is a temple committee resolution in the presence of the Chera king of Kodungallur Rama Rajasekhara (c. 800–844 AD).[9][10] The copper plate (incomplete) is engraved in an old form of Malayalam in Vattezhuthu and Grantha scripts. [11].

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Book Title: The Collected Aithihyamaala - The Garland of legends from Kerala Volume 1-3, Author: Kottarathil Sankunni Translated by Leela James, ISBN 978-93-5009-968-1; Publisher: Hachette Book Publishing india Pvt Ltd, 4/5 floor, Corporate Centre, Plot No.:94, Sector 44, Gurgaon, India 122003; (First published in Bhashaposhini Literary Magazine in 1855~1937)
  2. ^ Book Title: Kerala District Gazetteers: Palghat; Gazetteer of India Volume 6 of Kerala District Gazetteers, Kerala (India) Authors Kerala (India), C. K. Kareem Publisher printed by the Superintendent of Govt. Presses, 1976 Original from the University of Michigan Digitized 2 Sep 2008 Subjects History › Asia › India & South Asia History / Asia / India & South Asia Kerala (India)
  3. ^ a b Book Title: Cultural Heritage of Kerala; Author Name: A. Sreedhara Menon; Publisher Name: D.C. Books, 2008; ISBN 8126419032, 9788126419036; Length 312 pages
  4. ^ Noburu Karashmia (ed.), A Concise History of South India: Issues and Interpretations. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2014. 143.
  5. ^ Veluthat, Kesavan. “The Temple and the State in Medieval South India.” Studies in People’s History, vol. 4, no. 1, June 2017, pp. 15–23.
  6. ^ Narayanan, M. G. S. Perumāḷs of Kerala. Thrissur (Kerala): CosmoBooks, 2013. 64-66, 88-95, 107.
  7. ^ Veluthat, Kesavan. “The Temple and the State in Medieval South India.” Studies in People’s History, vol. 4, no. 1, June 2017, pp. 15–23.
  8. ^ Noburu Karashmia (ed.), A Concise History of South India: Issues and Interpretations. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2014. 143.
  9. ^ Title Journal of the Epigraphical Society of India, Volume 24 Contributor Epigraphical Society of India Publisher The Society, 1998 Original from the University of Michigan Digitized 8 May 2008
  10. ^ Book Title: The Dravidian Languages; Author/Edited by: Sanford B. Steever; Publisher: Routledge, 11 New Fetter Lane, London EC4P 4EE; British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data; ISBN 0-415-10023-2 First published 1998
  11. ^ Book Title: EARLY TAMIL EPIGRAPHY, Volume 62 Early Tamil Epigraphy Volume 62 of Harvard oriental series Editor Iravatham Mahadevan Edition illustrated Publisher Cre-A, 2003 Original from the University of Michigan Digitized 17 May 2008 ISBN 0674012275, 9780674012271 Length 719 pages