Veľký Šariš

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Veľký Šariš
Town
Slovakia Velky Saris 15.JPG
View from Veľký Šariš
Coat of arms
Country Slovakia
Region Prešov
District Prešov
Historical region Šariš
River Torysa
Elevation 269 m (883 ft)
Coordinates 49°02′18″N 21°11′30″E / 49.03833°N 21.19167°E / 49.03833; 21.19167Coordinates: 49°02′18″N 21°11′30″E / 49.03833°N 21.19167°E / 49.03833; 21.19167
Highest point
 - location Šariš castle
 - elevation 570.1 m (1,870 ft)
 - coordinates 49°03′24″N 21°10′43″E / 49.05667°N 21.17861°E / 49.05667; 21.17861
Lowest point
 - elevation 255 m (837 ft)
Area 33.34 km2 (13 sq mi)
Population 5,292 (2011)
Density 159/km2 (412/sq mi)
First mentioned 1217
Mayor doc. Ing. František Bartko CSc. (since 2015)
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 082 21
Phone prefix 421-51
Car plate PO
Location of Veľký Šariš in Slovakia
Location of Veľký Šariš in Slovakia
Location of Veľký Šariš in the Prešov Region
Location of Veľký Šariš in the Prešov Region
Wikimedia Commons: Veľký Šariš
Statistics: Basic info
Website: http://www.velkysaris.sk

Veľký Šariš (German: Groß-Scharosch; Hungarian: Nagysáros) is a small town near Prešov in eastern Slovakia. The town is known as the site of the largest brewery in Slovakia - Šariš Brewery.

Etymology[edit]

The etymology of the name is uncertain. Hungarian historians and linguists prefer the theory that it is derived from the Hungarian word sár or sáros (muddy). Slovak historians and linguists assume that the name comes from pre-Hungarian period and is of Slavic or even older origin.[1]

Geography[edit]

Veľký Šariš lies at an altitude of 269 metres (883 ft) above sea level and covers an area of 25.73 square kilometres (9.9 sq mi).[2] It is located on the Torysa River, 6 kilometres (4 mi) north-north-west from Prešov. There are ruins of Saris castle above the city, which were reconstructed in recent years and serve as place for various cultural events, such as music festivals or film festivals.

History[edit]

The area has been inhabited since prehistoric times. A Slavic settlement on the castle foot hill is dated to the 9th-10th century, other settlements were unearthed in the area of the town (9th-10th century, 10th-11th century, later abandoned settlement dated to the 12th-13th century) and at the location Dzikov potok (8th-9th century). The first written mention of Veľký Šariš dates back to 1217 (Sarus) [1] The town was a royal town then a landlord town (since 1465).[1]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2001 census, the town had 4,018 inhabitants. 91.69% of inhabitants were Slovaks, 6.07% Roma, 0.60% Ukrainians and 0.55% Czechs.[2] The religious makeup was 84.59% Roman Catholics, 4.55% people with no religious affiliation, 4.31% Greek Catholics and 2.56% Lutherans.[2]

Economy[edit]

There is brewery Šariš located in town. Brewery was built in 1964 and is part of group SABMiller, which acquired brewery in 1997. Brewery has around 550 employees.

Partner cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Štefánik, Martin; Lukačka, Ján, eds. (2010). Lexikón stredovekých miest na Slovensku [Lexicon of Medieval Towns in Slovakia] (PDF) (in Slovak and English). Bratislava: Historický ústav SAV. pp. 552, 563. ISBN 978-80-89396-11-5. 
  2. ^ a b c "Municipal Statistics". Statistical Office of the Slovak republic. Archived from the original on 2008-01-11. Retrieved 2008-01-26. 

External links[edit]