Vešter

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Vešter
Vester Slovenia.jpg
Vešter is located in Slovenia
Vešter
Vešter
Location in Slovenia
Coordinates: 46°10′31.17″N 14°17′23.48″E / 46.1753250°N 14.2898556°E / 46.1753250; 14.2898556Coordinates: 46°10′31.17″N 14°17′23.48″E / 46.1753250°N 14.2898556°E / 46.1753250; 14.2898556
Country Flag of Slovenia.svg Slovenia
Traditional region Upper Carniola
Statistical region Upper Carniola
Municipality Škofja Loka
Area
 • Total 2.37 km2 (0.92 sq mi)
Elevation 372.1 m (1,220.8 ft)
Population (2002)
 • Total 178
[1]

Vešter (pronounced [ˈʋeːʃtəɾ]; in older sources also Bešter,[2] German: Westert[2]) is a settlement in the Municipality of Škofja Loka in the Upper Carniola region of Slovenia.

Geography[edit]

Vešter is an old clustered village east of Trnje along the road from Škofja Loka to Železniki. It stands on the left bank of the Selca Sora River with the settled area in the Vešter Plain (Slovene: Veštrsko polje), and Puštal Hill and Cavrn Hill rise north of the settlement.[3]

Name[edit]

The name Vešter is derived from German Obernwester (literally, 'upper Vešter'). The neighboring village of Trnje was formerly called Wester, and so the epithet distinguished the two villages.[3]

History[edit]

There is an unexcavated hillfort on Puštal Hill, testifying to prehistoric settlement in the area. In the 13th century, Vešter belonged to the Gadmar District (German: Gadnerambt).[3]

During the Second World War, the Partisans used the Vešter Mill south of the village, a structure attested since the 13th century, as an underground print shop. The building was burned by German forces on February 8, 1944, killing three Partisans. There is a memorial at the site.[3]

Mass graves[edit]

Gorge Mass Grave

Vešter is the site of three known mass graves from the period immediately after World War II. The Gorge Mass Grave (Slovene: Grobišče Soteska) is located in the narrowest part of the Selca Sora Valley along the road from Škofja Loka to Železniki, about 10 meters (33 ft) east of the road. It contains the remains of six to 10 Home Guard soldiers and civilians that were released from the Loka Castle prison and then intercepted and murdered on their way home.[4] The Lovrec House Mass Grave (Grobišče Lovrčeva hiša), also known as the Matjaž Valley Mass Grave (Grobišče Matjaževa dolina), lies below the foot of Cavrn Hill, along a path about 600 meters (2,000 ft) northwest of the village of Trnje. It contains the remains of eight Home Guard soldiers that were taken from the Loka Castle prison and murdered. The abandoned and dilapidated Lovrec House (Lovrčeva hiša) stood at the site in 1945.[5] The Cavrn Mass Grave (Grobišče Cavrn) is located below the foot of Cavrn Hill near a former Partisan bunker. It contains the remains of eight Home Guard soldiers that were taken from the Loka Castle prison and murdered.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia Archived November 18, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ a b Leksikon občin kraljestev in dežel zastopanih v državnem zboru, vol. 6: Kranjsko. 1906. Vienna: C. Kr. Dvorna in Državna Tiskarna, p. 62.
  3. ^ a b c d Savnik, Roman, ed. 1968. Krajevni leksikon Slovenije, vol. 1. Ljubljana: Državna založba Slovenije. p. 383.
  4. ^ Gorge Mass Grave on Geopedia (in Slovene)
  5. ^ Lovrec House Mass Grave on Geopedia (in Slovene)
  6. ^ Cavrn Mass Grave on Geopedia (in Slovene)

External links[edit]