Veeam Backup & Replication

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Veeam Backup & Replication
Recovering VMware ESXi VM using Veeam
Recovering VMware ESXi VM using Veeam
Developer(s)Veeam Software
Initial releaseFebruary 26, 2008; 11 years ago (2008-02-26)
Stable release
9.5 U4 / January 22, 2019; 5 months ago (2019-01-22)[1]
Operating systemWindows Server 2008 R2or later
Windows 7 or later[2]
Available inEnglish
TypeBackup software
Recovering Oracle database using Veeam Explorer

Veeam Backup & Replication is a proprietary backup app developed by Veeam for virtual environments built on VMware vSphere and Microsoft Hyper-V hypervisors.[3] The software provides backup, restore and replication functionality for virtual machines, physical servers and workstations as well as cloud-based workload.[4]


Veeam Backup & Replication operates both the virtualization layer as well manages physical machine backup. It backs up VMs at the image-level using a hypervisor’s snapshots to retrieve VM data.[5] Backups can be full (a full copy of VM image) or incremental (saving only the changed blocks of data since the last backup job run).[6] Backup increments are created using the built-in changed block tracking (CBT) mechanism. The available backup methods include forward incremental-forever backup, forward incremental backup, and reverse incremental backup. Additionally, there’s an option to perform active full and synthetic full backups.[7]
Veeam Backup & Replication provides automated recovery verification for both backups and replicas. The program starts a VM directly from a backup or replica in the isolated test environment and runs tests against it. During the verification, the VM image remains in a read-only state. This mechanism can also be used for troubleshooting or testing patches and upgrades.[8][9]

Backup storage[edit]

Veeam Backup & Replication supports software-defined storage technology. It allows organizing a scalable backup repository from a collection of heterogeneous storage devices. Backups can be stored on-premises, transferred to off-site repositories via the WAN,[10] saved to tape media for long-term retention, or sent to cloud storage. Cloud storage support is available on an Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS) model. Veeam's technology, Cloud Connect, provides integrated and secured backup to the cloud through Veeam-powered service providers.[11][12]
Veeam Backup & Replication is storage-agnostic, but it also has specialized storage integrations with some storage systems such as Cisco HyperFlex, EMC VNX, EMC VNXe,[13] HP 3PAR, HP StoreVirtual,[14], Nimble[15], NetApp[16], IBM[17], Lenovo Storage V Series[18]. In addition, through a separate Universal Storage API and plug-in, Veeam also provides storage integrations with INFINIDAT [19]and Pure Storage[20]. It uses storage system snapshots as a source for backups and recovery of VMware VMs with disks residing on storage volumes.[21][22]. Veeam Backup & Replication also have build in direct NFS agent which allows to access NetApp snapshots directly from NAS storage bypassing hosts for backup, restore & storage scan operations.


Along with backup, Veeam Backup & Replication can perform image-based VM replication. It creates a “clone” of a production VM onsite or offsite and keeps it in a ready-to-use state. Each VM replica has a configurable number of failover points.[23] Image-based VM replication is also available via Veeam Cloud Connect for Disaster Recovery as a Service (DRaaS).[24]


The software provides a number of data recovery options,[25] including:
Entire VM recovery:

  • An immediate restore of a VM via mounting a VM image to a host directly from a backup file (Instant VM Recovery)
  • Full extraction of a VM image from a backup

File-level recovery:

Virtual drive restore:

  • A specific VM hard drive recovery

Application-item recovery:


Veeam Backup & Replication decreases backup files size and data traffic with built-in data deduplication and compression. There is support for deduplicating storage systems such as EMC Data Domain,[26] ExaGrid[27] and HP StoreOnce Catalyst and NetApp Cloud Backup (AltaVault).[28] Using deduplicating storage appliances as backup repositories allows achieving greater levels of deduplication ratios. Veeam Backup & Replication also provides built-in WAN acceleration to reduce the bandwidth required for transferring backups and replicas over the WAN.


Built on a modular scheme, Veeam Backup & Replication allows for setting scalable backup infrastructures. The software architecture supports onsite, offsite and cloud-base data protection, operations across remote sites and geographically dispersed locations.[29] The installation package of Veeam Backup & Replication includes a set of mandatory and optional components that can be installed on physical or virtual machines.[30]

Mandatory components[edit]

  • Veeam backup server – a Windows-based physical or virtual machine where Veeam Backup & Replication is installed. It’s the core component responsible for all types of administrative activities in a backup infrastructure, including general orchestration of backup, restore and replication tasks, job scheduling and resource allocation.
  • Backup proxy – an appliance that retrieves backup data from the source host and transfers it to the backup repository offloading the Veeam backup server.
  • Backup repository – a primary storage for backup files, VM copies, and meta-data.

Optional components[edit]

  • Backup Enterprise Manager – a centralized management web browser interface intended for distributed enterprise environments with multiple backup servers.
  • Veeam Backup Search – an add-on to Microsoft Search Server for search performance optimization.
  • Standalone Console — a lightweight console for installation on laptops and desktops to enable the management of the backup server remotely over the network and eliminate RDP sessions to a backup server.[31]
  • Scale-Out Backup Repository — Since version 9 it's possible to build a flat backup repository space from a number of independent and non-clustered sources. This feature eliminates any need in a clustered backup namespace, now Veeam users to store older backups in more affordable storage targets.[32]


Veeam Backup & Replication is positioned as a part of the Veeam Availability Suite bundle (which includes Veeam ONE for monitoring, reporting, and capacity planning), but can also be installed as a standalone product. It is available in three editions based on the level of provided functionality. The product is licensed by the number of CPU sockets, or through annually or upfront-billed subscription licenses on a per-VM basis. As of Veeam Backup & Replication 9.5 Update 4 (U4), Veeam is now using Veeam Instance Licensing (VIL) to lower complexity of license key management. Essentially, VIL allows for a single license key, or instance, to be deployed on most Veeam products - from Backup & Replication server to Veeam ONE to Windows and Linux agents. The number of instance keys consumed per machine will vary by license edition (standard, enterprise, or enterprise plus) and the software you are enabling. [33]


Version Year Major changes and improvements
1.0 2008 The first version released under the name of Veeam Backup provided backup, replication, file copying, file-level recovery and deduplication for VMware ESX Server environments.[34]
2.0 2008 Added VSS support, VMware ESXi support, and enhanced VCB (VMware Consolidated Backup) performance.[35]
3.0 2009 Added the support for ESXi free edition, Linux file-level recovery, VSS support for Windows 2008 guests and VM templates backup.[36]
4.0 2009 The product was renamed to Veeam Backup & Replication. Added support for vStorage APIs, Changed Block Tracking (CBT), thin-provisioned disks and enhanced replication functionality.[37]
5.0 2010 Introduced a patented vPower technology enabling an automated recovery verification for backups and sandbox VMs for testing purposes. Added a number of recovery features, including an ability to restore a VM directly from a backup file (Instant VM Recovery), application-item and file-level restore options.[38]
6.0 2011 Added the support for Microsoft Hyper-V and a number of replication and recovery enhancements.[39]
6.5 2012 Added Veeam Explorer tools for a granular recovery from Microsoft Exchange VM backups and storage snapshots.[40]
7.0 2013 Added WAN-acceleration, tape support, integration with HP storage systems, virtual lab technology for Hyper-V and replicas, and Veeam Explorer tool for Microsoft SharePoint granular recovery.[41]
8.0 2014 Added Veeam Explorer tools for a granular recovery from Microsoft Active Directory and Microsoft SQL Server, integration with NetApp storage systems and EMC Data Domain Boost, cloud storages support, and AES 256-bit data encryption.[42]
9.0 2016 Added support for EMC VNX and VNXe hybrid storage arrays, Veeam Explorer tool for Oracle recovery and the support for software-defined storage. Introduced VM replication to the cloud.[43][44]
9.5 2016 Added Nimble Storage Snapshot integration, direct restore to Microsoft Azure, support for Resilient File System.[45]
9.5 U3 2017 Added Built-in Agent Management, Data Location Tagging, additional platform support and introduced the Universal Storage API including storage snapshot integrations with IBM Spectrum Virtualize and Lenovo Storage V Series[46]
9.5 U3a 2018 Added platform support for VMware vSphere 6.7, VMware vCloud Director 9.1, Microsoft Windows Server 1803, and Microsoft Windows 10 April 2018 Update[47]
9.5 U4 2019 Added support for Amazon S3 object storage as a destination for offloaded backups in a Scale-Out Backup Repository. It works with any S3 protocol compatible object storage arrays.


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