Veer Lorik

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The legend of Veer Lorik is very popular among the Ahir tribe of eastern Uttar Pradesh.[1] S.M. Pandey named the Tale of Lorik, a national epic of the Ahir peasantry.[2]

Lorikayan, or the story of Lorik, is a Bhojpuri Folklore and is credited as the Ramayana of the Ahir Caste.[3]

Legend[edit]

The world of the Loriki is one of many small kingdoms—Ahir, Rajput, and aboriginal—vying for cattle, land, women and power. The Ahir stand equal to the "twice-born" warrior castes, where marriage by capture is the norm, and expressions of strength, bravery, loyalty, nobility, and honor are valued. Like many other epic traditions, it depicts the life of a tragic hero (Lorik). Episodes of the Loriki are localized in the various regions that know the epic, and it is viewed—especially by rural Ahir—as a caste history to which many of their distinctive customs can be traced. Lorik is seen as an historical hero of great stature and the Ahirs' most illustrious ancestor.[4]

The story revolves around the romance of a married Rajput princess Chanda(Manjari) with Lorik, an Ahir by caste, with whom she elopes to escape the censure of her parents and the public.[5]

Significance in Hindi Literature[edit]

The Lorik and Chanda tales hold significance in Hindi folk literature. There is record of the story of Lorik and Chanda from the early 14th century.[6] In writing the first Hindavi verse romance, the Chandayan, Maulana Daud adapted the Ahir Folk-epic of Lorik and Chanda into a distinctive Sufi story in 1379.[7][8] The maulana believed that the whole of the Chandayan was divine truth and that it was compatible with interpretations of some verses of the Quran.[9]

Legacy[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ William Crooke. Introduction to the Popular Religion and Folklore of Northern India. Retrieved 2014-02-27. 
  2. ^ Traditions of heroic and epic poetry. 1969-12-04. Retrieved 2014-02-27. 
  3. ^ Manorma Sharma. Folk India: A Comprehenseive Study of Indian Folk Music and Culture. p. 32. Retrieved 2014-02-27. 
  4. ^ "Culture and Power in Banaras". Publishing.cdlib.org. Retrieved 2014-02-27. 
  5. ^ J. C. Heesterman. India and Indonesia: General Perspectives. Retrieved 2014-02-27. 
  6. ^ Ronald Stuart McGregor (1984). Hindi Literature from Its Beginnings to the Nineteenth Century. Otto Harrassowitz Verlag. p. 14. ISBN 9783447024136. 
  7. ^ Meenakshi Khanna (2007). Cultural History of Medieval India. Berghahn Books,. p. 176. ISBN 9788187358305. Retrieved 1 October 2014. 
  8. ^ "SM-1: स्नातकोत्तर पाठयक्रम". sol.du.ac.in. Retrieved 13 July 2016. 
  9. ^ J. C. Heesterman (1989). India and Indonesia: General Perspectives Volume 4 of Comparative history of India and Indonesia. BRILL. p. 39. ISBN 9789004083653. 
  10. ^ "Stadium". http://upsports.gov.in/. Govt. of Uttar Pradesh. Retrieved 7 March 2016.  External link in |website= (help)
  11. ^ "नंदकिशोर ने वीर लोरिक की प्रतिमा का किया अनावरण". Prabhat Khabar (daily) (Prabhat Khabar). Prabhat Khabar. 13 May 2015. Retrieved 7 March 2016. 
  12. ^ a b "Veer Lorik ke naam par ho vishwavidyalaya ka namkaran". Jagaran.com. Jagaran. 24 February 2016. Retrieved 2 March 2016. 
  13. ^ "वीर लोरिक के नाम से बने विश्वविद्यालय" (daily). amarujala.com. Amar Ujala. 24 February 2016. Retrieved 2 March 2016. 
  14. ^ "वीर लोरिक के नाम पर हो विवि का नामकरण". raftar. raftaar.in. 24 February 2016. Retrieved 2 March 2016. 
  15. ^ India. Supreme Court. Indian Factories and Labour Reports, Volume 105. Law Publishing House. pp. 74, 75. Retrieved 24 March 2016. 
  16. ^ Smita Tewari Jassal (2012). Unearthing Gender: Folksongs of North India. Duke University Press. p. 267. ISBN 9780822351306. Retrieved 24 March 2016.