Vegetable Cookery: With an Introduction, Recommending Abstinence from Animal Food and Intoxicating Liquors is the first vegetarian cookbook, authored anonymously by Martha Brotherton (1783-1861) of Salford. It was first published as A New System of Vegetable Cookery in periodical form in 1812. A second book edition appeared in 1821 and a third was published by Horatio Phillips of London in 1829 under its most well known title Vegetable Cookery.
The first edition was published anonymously by a "member of the Bible Christian Church". The fourth edition published in 1833 by Effingham Wilson, contained 1,261 recipes and was also published anonymously "by a lady". Martha's husband Joseph Brotherton wrote the introduction for the book. Two further editions appeared in 1839 and 1852. The 1852 edition contains a foreword by James Simpson, the first President of the Vegetarian Society.
The recipes are ovo-lacto vegetarian. Many of the recipes involve copious amounts of butter. Historians have noted that "Brotherton's book served as a guide for Americans who began to self-identify as vegetarian in the early decades of the nineteenth century." Kathryn Gleadle has written that the book "was enormously important to the movement, forming the basis of most subsequent works on vegetable cookery."
- Cushing, William. (1888). Initials and Pseudonyms: A Dictionary of Literary Disguises. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell. p. 180
- Antrobus, Derek. (1997). A Guiltless Feast: The Salford Bible Christian Church and the Rise of the Modern Vegetarian Movement. City of Salford Education and Leisure. p. 72. ISBN 978-0901952578
- "Old and Vintage Cookbooks". Retrieved 14 July 2019.
- Phelps, Norm. (2007). The Longest Struggle: Animal Advocacy from Pythagoras to PETA. Lantern Books. p. 149. ISBN 978-1-59056-106-5
- Puskar-Pasewicz, Margaret. (2010). Cultural Encyclopedia of Vegetarianism. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 18. ISBN 978-0-313-37556-9
- Baughman, James L; Ratner-Rosenhagen, Jennifer; Danky, James P. (2015). Protest on the Page: Essays on Print and the Culture of Dissent Since 1865. University of Wisconsin Press. pp. 114-115. ISBN 978-0-299-30284-9
- Gleadle, Kathryn. The Age of Physiological Reformers: Rethinking Gender and Domesticity in the Age of Reform. In Arthur Burns, Joanna Innes. (2003). Rethinking the Age of Reform: Britain 1780-1850. Cambridge University Press. p. 216. ISBN 0-521-82394-3