Vegetarian Federal Union

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The Vegetarian Federal Union's stall at the Chicago World's Fair in 1893

The Vegetarian Federal Union (VFU) was a British vegetarianism organisation founded in 1889, which operated until 1911.


In July 1889, a group of individuals from the London Vegetarian Society met and drew up plans to form what would become the Vegetarian Federal Union.[1] It was originally intended to bring together all of the British vegetarian societies under the umbrella of a "Vegetarian Union", with each society having a number of votes proportional to its membership.[2] In September of that year, after the first vegetarian International Congress in Cologne, Germany, the organisation was inspired to expand its focus to creating a global union of vegetarian societies.[2] It was officially started at a meeting on 1 October of the same year.[3] Arnold F. Hills of the London Vegetarian Society was elected as Chairman,[2] W. E. A. Axon was Vice-Chairman[4] and Josiah Oldfield was secretary.[5]

The organisation was superseded by the International Vegetarian Union in 1908.[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Newton, David E. (2019). Vegetarianism and Veganism: A Reference Handbook. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO. p. 35. ISBN 978-1-4408-6764-4.
  2. ^ a b c "Vegetarian Federal Union 1889-1911". International Vegetarian Union. Retrieved 3 July 2020.
  3. ^ Forward, Charles W. (1898). Fifty Years of Food Reform: A History of the Vegetarian Movement in England. London: The Ideal Publishing Union. p. 142. Retrieved 4 July 2020.
  4. ^ Hills, A. F. (21 December 1889). "The Vegetarian Federal Union". The Vegetarian. London.
  5. ^ Weinbren, Dan (1994). "Against All Cruelty: The Humanitarian League, 1891-1919". History Workshop (38): 86–105. ISSN 0309-2984. JSTOR 4289320.
  6. ^ Puskar-Pasewicz, Margaret, ed. (2010). Cultural Encyclopedia of Vegetarianism. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO. p. 197. ISBN 978-0-313-37557-6.