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Vegvísir

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The vegvísir according to the Huld manuscript

The vegvísir (Icelandic for "wayfinder", lit.'way shower') is an Icelandic magical stave intended to help the bearer find their way through rough weather. The symbol is attested in the Huld Manuscript, collected in Iceland by Geir Vigfusson in Akureyri in 1860,[1] and does not have any earlier attestations.

A leaf of the manuscript provides an image of the vegvísir, gives its name, and, in prose, declares that "if this sign is carried, one will never lose one's way in storms or bad weather, even when the way is not known".[2][1]

Stephen E. Flowers lists the Vegvisir in his translation of the Galdrabók,[3] but in a later publication cites it in “Isländische Zauberzeichen und Zauberbücher” by Ólafur Davíðsson rather than the Galdrabók.[4] Tomáš Vlasatý claims that it is not only in the Huld manuscript but also in two other Icelandic grimoires, Galdrakver (designated Lbs 2917 a 4to and Lbs 4627 8vo) and has Christian roots.[5]

Etymology[edit]

Vegvísir is a compound word formed from the two Icelandic words, vegur and vísir. Vegur means 'way, road, path' (lit.'way'), and vísir, inflection form of vísa, 'to show, to let know, to guide' (lit.'show + -er').

Vegur is derived from the Old Norse vegr, Proto-Germanic *wegaz, or the Proto-Indo-European *weǵʰ-.

Vísir is derived from the Old Norse vísa meaning 'to show, point out, indicate', or the Proto-Germanic wīsōną or wisaz, meaning 'to visit'.[6][7][8][9]

Vegur ('way') + vísir ('pointer') derives its meaning from the same word as the English wise. It points someone the right way.[10]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Huld Manuscript". Handrit.is. p. 26. Archived from the original on 16 October 2022. Retrieved 26 June 2024. in the National Library in Reykjavík
  2. ^ Flowers (1989:88).
  3. ^ Flowers, Stephen E.; Galdrabók: An Icelandic Book of Magic (Second, Revised Edition), Rûna-Raven Press, 2005, p. 64 (originally published in 1989 by Samuel Weiser as Galdrabók: An Icelandic Grimoire.)
  4. ^ Flowers lists the image on page 88 of Icelandic Magic: Practical Secrets of the Northern Grimoires, Inner Traditions, 2016 giving the source, page 125, as “Isländische Zauberzeichen und Zauberbücher.” Zeitschrift des Vereins für Volkskunde 13 (1903): 150–67, 267–79; Tables III–VII. English version: Icelandic Magic Symbols and Spell Books. Translated and annotated by Justin Foster. www.academia.edu (accessed July 17, 2015).
  5. ^ Vlasatý, Tomáš; Origins of the “vegvísir” symbol, Project Forlǫg (Reenactment and Science), April 5, 2019.
  6. ^ "Vegvisir Path Guide Justin Foster 2013 - 2023".
  7. ^ "Wiktionary visir".
  8. ^ "Wiktionary vise". 2 February 2022.
  9. ^ "Wiktionary wisona".
  10. ^ Magnússon, Ásgeir Blöndal (1989). Íslensk orðsifjabók (Icelandic Etymological Dictionary). Orðabók Háskólans.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]