Vehicle registration plates of Ontario

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The Canadian province of Ontario first required its residents to register their motor vehicles in 1903. Registrants had to provide their own licence plates for display until 1911, when the province began to supply plates.[1] Plates are currently issued by the Ministry of Transportation of Ontario (MTO).

The location of plates and renewal stickers is specified by the Highway Traffic Act[2] and Regulation 628 under the Act.[3]

"Loyal she began, loyal she remains"[edit]

The symbol of a crown representing the Crown of Canada has appeared on almost all Ontario licence plates since 1937, when it was first used to commemorate the coronation of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth. Exceptions include the 1951 plates, and farm series plates issued in the 1980s and 1990s. Toronto politician and Orange Order leader Leslie Saunders led protests against a proposal to remove the crown in 1948, a decision the government overturned.[4]

Passenger baseplates[edit]

1911 to 1972[edit]

In 1956, the Canadian provinces and U.S. states came to an agreement with the American Association of Motor Vehicle Administrators, the Automobile Manufacturers Association and the National Safety Council that standardized the size for licence plates for vehicles (except those for motorcycles) at 6 inches (15 cm) in height by 12 inches (30 cm) in width, with standardized mounting holes.[5] The 1954 (dated 1955) issue was the first Ontario licence plate that complied with these standards.

Image Dates issued Design Slogan Serial format Serials issued Notes
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1911 White on blue porcelain none 12345 1 to approximately 11500
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1912 Black on off-white none 12345 1 to approximately 16500
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1913 Black on yellow none 12345 1 to approximately 24000
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1914 Dark blue on orange none 12345 1 to approximately 33000
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1915 Dark blue on yellow-green none 12345 1 to approximately 43000
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1916 Black on white none 12345 1 to approximately 64000
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1917 Dark blue on white none 12345 1 to approximately 78000
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1918 Dark blue on off-white none 123456 1 to approximately 107000
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1919 Black on golden yellow none 123456 1 to approximately 133000
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1920 Dark green on white none 123456 1 to approximately 162000
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1921 Orange on royal blue none 123-456 1 to approximately 184-000 First embossed plate.
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1922 Black on gray none 123-456 1 to approximately 216-000
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1923 Gray on black none 123-456 1 to approximately 260-000
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1924 Black on light yellow none 123-456 1 to approximately 313-000
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1925 Orange-yellow on black none 123-456 1 to approximately 309-000
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1926 Black on gray none 123-456 1 to approximately 415-000
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1927 Black on buff none 123·456 1 to approximately 437·000 First use of the full province name.
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1928 Black on golden yellow none 123·456 1 to approximately 446·000
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1929 Black on gray none 123·456 1 to approximately 477·000
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1930 Black on white none A-1234 A-1 to Z-9999 Letters G, I and Q not used in serials.[6]
AB-123 AA-1 to approximately PV-999
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1931 Black on yellow none A·1234 A·1 to Z·9999
AB·123 AA·1 to approximately OT·999
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1932 Black on white none A·1234 A·1 to Z·9999
AB·123 AA·1 to approximately OB·999
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1933 Black on yellow none A·1234 A·1 to Z·9999
AB·123 AA·1 to approximately MZ·999
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1934 Black on off-white none A·1234 A·1 to Z·9999
AB·123 AA·1 to approximately NA·999
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1935 Embossed black numbers on orange plate; "19 ONTARIO 35" embossed in black block letters at top none A·1234 A·1 to Z·9999
AB·123 AA·1 to approximately OK·999
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1936 Embossed white numbers on black plate; "19 ONTARIO 36" embossed in white block letters at bottom none A·1234 A·1 to Z·9999
AB·123 AA·1 to approximately PK·999
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1937 Embossed white numbers on red plate; "ONTARIO 1937" embossed in white block letters centred at top, with embossed white crowns to left and right none 1·A·234
12·A·34
123·A·4
First base to feature a crown in any form.
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1938 Embossed orange numbers on light blue plate; "ONTARIO" embossed in orange block letters centred at bottom; embossed orange crown centred at top with "19" and "38" to left and right respectively none 1A234
12A34
123A4
Colours commemorate the Loyal True Blue and Orange Home.[7]
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1939 Embossed white numbers on black plate; "ONTARIO" embossed in white block letters centred at bottom; embossed white crown centred at top with "19" and "39" to left and right respectively none 1A234
12A34
123A4
A1234
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1940 Embossed black numbers on yellow plate; embossed black crown centred at top, with "ONTARIO" and "1940" in black block letters to left and right respectively none 1A234
12A34
123A4
A1234
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1941 Embossed green numbers on white plate; embossed green crown centred at top, with "ONTARIO" and "1941" in green block letters to left and right respectively none 1A234
12A34
123A4
A1234
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1942 Embossed black numbers on orange plate; embossed black crown centred at top, with "ONTARIO" and "1942" in black block letters to left and right respectively none 1A234
12A34
123A4
A1234
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1943–44 Embossed orange numbers on black plate; embossed orange crown centred at top, with "ONTARIO" and "1943" in orange block letters to left and right respectively none 1A234
12A34
123A4
A1234
Revalidated for 1944 with windshield stickers, due to metal conservation for World War II.
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1945 Embossed white numbers on blue plate; embossed white crown centred at top, with "ONTARIO" and "1945" in white block letters to left and right respectively none 1A234
12A34
123A4
A1234
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1946 Embossed white numbers on black plate; embossed white crown centred at top, with "ONTARIO" and "1946" in white block letters to left and right respectively none 1A234
12A34
123A4
A1234
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1947 Embossed black numbers on silver plate; embossed black crown centred at top, with "ONTARIO" and "1947" in black block letters to left and right respectively none 1A234
12A34
123A4
A1234
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1948 Embossed white numbers on blue plate; embossed white crown centred at top, with "ONTARIO" and "1948" in white block letters to left and right respectively none 1A234
12A34
123A4
A1234
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1949 Embossed blue numbers on white plate; embossed blue crown centred at top, with "ONTARIO" and "1949" in blue block letters to left and right respectively none 1A234
12A34
123A4
A1234
1234A
LicensePlateOntario1950.jpg 1950 Embossed white numbers on black plate; embossed white crown centred at top, with "ONTARIO" and "1950" in white block letters to left and right respectively none 1A234
12A34
123A4
A1234
1234A
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1951–52 Embossed blue numbers on white plate; "19–ONTARIO–51" embossed in blue block letters at top none 1A234
12A34
123A4
A1234
1234A
AB123
Revalidated for 1952 with windshield stickers.
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1953 Embossed white numbers on blue plate; embossed white crown centred at top, with "ONTARIO" and "1953" in white block letters to left and right respectively none 1A234
12A34
123A4
A1234
1234A
AB123
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1954 Embossed blue numbers on white plate; embossed blue crown centred at top, with "ONTARIO" and "1954" in blue block letters to left and right respectively none 1A234
12A34
123A4
A1234
1234A
AB123
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1955 As 1953 base, but with "1955" to right of crown none 123·456
A12·345
First 6" x 12" plate.
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1956 As 1954 base, but with "1956" to right of crown none 123·456
A·12345
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1957 Embossed white numbers on black plate; embossed white crown centred at top, with "ONTARIO" and "1957" in white block letters to left and right respectively none 123·456
A·12345
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1958 Embossed black numbers on white plate; embossed black crown centred at top, with "ONTARIO" and "1958" in black block letters to left and right respectively none 123·456
A·12345
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1959 As 1957 base, but with "1959" to right of crown none 123·456
A·12345
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1960 As 1958 base, but with "1960" to right of crown none 123·456
A·12345
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1961 As 1957 base, but with "1961" to right of crown none 123·456
A·12345
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1962 As 1958 base, but with border line, and with "1962" to right of crown none 123·456
A·12345
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1963 As 1957 base, but with border line, and with "1963" to right of crown none 123·456
A·12345
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1964 As 1958 base, but with border line, and with "1964" to right of crown none 123·456
A·12345
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1965 Embossed white numbers on blue plate with border line; embossed white crown centred at top, with "ONTARIO" and "1965" in white block letters to left and right respectively none 123·456
A·12345
12345·A
1966 ONTARIO LICENSE PLATE - Flickr - woody1778a.jpg 1966 Embossed blue numbers on white plate with border line; embossed blue crown centred at top, with "ONTARIO" and "1966" in blue block letters to left and right respectively none 123·456
A·12345
12345·A
1967 ONTPLATE.jpg 1967 Embossed white numbers and crown separator on blue plate with border line; "ONTARIO" embossed in white block letters centred at top; "19" embossed in top left corner, "18" in bottom left corner and "67" in top right and bottom right corners "CONFEDERATION" embossed in white block letters centred at bottom 123-456
A12-345
123-45A
Issued as part of the Canadian Centennial celebration.
Ontario Incense plate for 1968.jpg 1968 Embossed blue numbers and crown separator on white plate; "1968" and "ONTARIO" embossed in blue block letters centred at top and bottom respectively none 123-456
A12-345
123-45A
Plate for 1969 ONTARIO.jpg 1969 Embossed white numbers and crown separator on blue plate; "1969" and "ONTARIO" embossed in white block letters centred at top and bottom respectively none 123-456
A12-345
123-45A
1970 ONTPLATE.jpg 1970 As 1968 base, but with "1970" embossed at top none 123-456
A12-345
123-45A
1971 ONTPLATE.jpg 1971 As 1969 base, but with "1971" embossed at top none 123-456
A12-345
123-45A
Blank License Plate Shape.svg 1972 As 1968 base, but with "1972" embossed at top none 123-456
A12-345
123-45A

1973 to present[edit]

All Ontario licence plates issued since 1973 are still valid for display today, provided they have been continuously registered.

Image Dates issued Design Slogan Serial format Serials issued Notes
1972 ONTPLATE.jpg 1973–78 Embossed blue numbers and crown separator on white plate with border line; "ONTARIO" embossed in blue block letters centred at top; "73" embossed in bottom left corner and full sticker box in bottom right corner "KEEP IT BEAUTIFUL" embossed in blue block letters centred at bottom ABC-123 AAA-001 to NKJ-999
1978 ONTPLATE.jpg 1978–82 As above, but without embossed "73", and with partial sticker box in bottom right corner NKK-001 to TMA-999
ON 1982.jpg 1982–86 As above, but with no sticker box "YOURS TO DISCOVER" embossed in blue block letters centred at bottom TMB-001 to ZZZ-999 Staggered registration introduced 1983, with each plate expiring in the same month as the registrant's birthday.
ON 1986.jpg 1986–94 123-ABC 001-AAA to 999-VYH
Ontario 123 ABC plate.jpg 1994–97 Embossed blue numbers and screened blue crown separator on reflective white plate; "ONTARIO" screened in blue serifed letters centred at top "YOURS TO DISCOVER" screened in blue serifed letters centred at bottom 123-ABC 001-VYJ to 999-ZZZ Narrower dies introduced in preparation for ABCD-123 serial format.
Ont plate Canada.jpg 1997–present ABCD-123 AAAA-001 to CDHH-999 (as of October 13, 2017) Letters G, I, O, Q and U not used.[6]
Ontario fr slogan bead712.png 2008–present "TANT À DÉCOUVRIR" screened in blue serifed letters centred at bottom Extra-cost alternative issue.

Serial numbers reserved for government officials[edit]

Serial(s) Political Office of Holder(s) Level of Government
CAN-001 Prime Minister of Canada Federal
CAN-002 to CAN-999 Federal Cabinet Ministers Federal
SEN-001 to SEN-999 Members of the Senate Federal
MHC-001 to MHC-999 Members of the House of Commons Federal
FCJ-001 to FCJ-999 Federal Court Judges Federal
FDA-001 to FDZ-999 Federally Owned Vehicles Federal
ONT-001 Premier of Ontario Provincial
ONT-002 to ONT-999 Provincial Cabinet Ministers Provincial
MPP-001 to MPP-999 Members of Provincial Parliament Provincial
SCO-001 to SCO-999 Ontario Superior Court of Justice Provincial
PJO-001 to PJO-999 Ontario Provincial Judges Provincial
ONA-001 to ONZ-999 Provincially Owned Vehicles[8] Provincial

Green Vehicle plates[edit]

Image First issued Description Slogan Serial format Serials issued Notes
Ontario green gvah823.png 2010 Green on white with graphic trillium separator Green Vehicle GVAB 123 GVAA 001 to present Issued to plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and battery electric vehicles. Vehicles with these plates can access HOV lanes on 400-series highways regardless of the number of passengers in the vehicle.[9] See also: government incentives for plug-in electric vehicles.
Véhicule écologique VEAB 123 VEAA 001 to present

Historic Vehicles[edit]

Example of an Ontario Historic front plate.

Vehicles more than 30 years old and substantially unchanged since manufacture may qualify for a "Historic" registration.[10]

Annual fees are much lower ($18 vs $108 for a passenger car in 2015)[11], but historic vehicles may not be used as conventional transportation. They legally may only be driven to and from events and parades where the vehicle is on display, to garages for maintenance, and other similar use cases. Annual renewal stickers are affixed to the rear plate, as with passenger vehicles.

Historic plates are not to be confused with year-of-manufacture plates.[12]

Commercial plates 1980 to present[edit]

Exemption sticker

Unlike passenger cars, plate validation stickers for commercial vehicles are placed on the front plate, instead of the rear. This placement is consistent between trucks with visible rear plates, and tractor units where the rear plate is obscured by a trailer. Ontario vehicles registered in the International Registration Plan receive special commercial plates with "PRP" written vertically on the left.

All pickup trucks are legally considered commercial vehicles and thus require commercial plates. However, if used strictly as a passenger vehicle ("personal-use vehicle"), a truck may be exempt from some conditions imposed on commercial vehicles, indicated by a white or red "PERSONAL USE ONLY" sticker affixed in the top left corner of the front plate.[13]

Image First issued Description Slogan Serial format Serials issued Notes
Complate19801995.gif 1980 Black on white with embossed crown separator none AB1-234 AA1-001 to ZD9-999 Also used for non-passenger personal vehicles (i.e. pick-up trucks and panel vans).
Ontario screened ab1 234 commercial.jpg 1995 Black on reflective white with screened crown separator Yours to Discover AB1-234 ZE1-001 to ZZ9-999
Plaque ontario.JPG 1996 123-4AB 100-1AA to 999-9ZZ
Ontario com aj42864.png 2011 AB-12345 AA-10001 to present On commercial vehicles, licence plate stickers are affixed in the top right of the front plate, as shown in the photo. The top left corner may be used for other stickers relating to vehicle use or taxation (i.e.: government exemption).
Ontario com fr da12247.png Tant à Découvrir DA-10001 to present
Ontario prp 8134pm.png Black on reflective white with screened crown separator
"PRP" vertically
Yours to Discover Used on vehicles taking part in the International Registration Plan (IRP)

Farm plates[edit]

Example of a rear farm plate.

Vehicles over 3000 kg owned by farmers and used for farm-related purposes, such as working the soil, building maintenance, and the transportation of farm products, may qualify for a farm plate. Farm-plated trucks and towed trailers may also be used by a farmer for personal transportation.

To qualify, a farmer must meet a series of criteria, including membership in farming organisations and a minimum amount of income that derives from farming. Fees for farm plates are substantially lower than for passenger or commercial plates. The Highway Traffic Act also exempts farm vehicles from several requirements imposed on commercial vehicles.[14]

Farm plates are black on white with a black crown separator, in a pattern similar to commercial plates. They have the word "FARM" written vertically on the left of the plate. Validation stickers are the same as for other vehicles, and are affixed to the front plate, as with commercial plates.

Other non-passenger plates[edit]

Image First issued Description Slogan Serial format Notes
Ontario dip 251cdl.png

OntarioDiplomat.jpg

1994 White on reflective red with crown separator. Yours to Discover 123-CDx - diplomat

123-CCx - consular
123-XTR - non-diplomat embassy staff
123-XOR - envoys without diplomatic recognition.[15]

Diplomatic Plate.
Ontario plates do not bear indications of the mission. Low numbers assigned to heads of missions (i.e.: ambassadors).
Ontario dealer 924dky.png 1994 Black on yellow background, with crown separator. Yours to Discover DLx-xxx
123-Dxx
Removable service plate. Before 2007 also used by vehicle dealers. See below.
Ontario dealer 293dpb.png 2007 Red stamped identification on a white reflective background. Screened in black: "DEALER" written vertically on the left, crown separator, "ONTARIO" across the top and "Yours to discover". Yours to Discover 123-Dxx Removable plate restricted to car dealers. Introduced in 2007 to differentiate dealer's inventory from vehicles being serviced.[16] See below. Issued singly, to be displayed at the rear of the vehicle.
10daypermit.JPG 2004 Printed on security paper with barcode 10 Day Temporary Permit/Permis Provisoire de Dix Jours A-123456 Temporary use only, placed on dashboard at windshield.

Trailer plates[edit]

Example of an Ontario trailer plate

All trailers in Ontario are considered separate vehicles and must have a permit and be plated. New owners of a trailer must register with the MTO within six days of purchase. They are then issued with a permit and a plate. Trailer plates are not renewed annually, but may be replaced if lost, damaged or stolen. Plates are affixed to the rear of the trailer. There is no front plate.[17]

All trailers, whether used by commercial operators or others, use a same model plate. Plates are blue on white with crown separator, in a pattern and colour similar to that of passenger vehicles, with the word "TRAILER" written vertically on the left of the plate. However, they do not follow the same numbering system as other vehicles.

Dealer and service licence plates[edit]

In Ontario, motor vehicle dealers licensed under the Motor Vehicle Dealers Act use a single portable plate with the word "DEALER" on the left side and red alpha-numeric characters on a white background. It is for exclusive use by motor vehicle dealers only on motor vehicles owned as part of the dealer's inventory of vehicles for sale. It may also be used for private use vehicles that are owned as part of the dealer's inventory of vehicles for sale.[18]

Service providers, including anyone who repairs, customizes, modifies, manufactures or transports motor vehicles or trailers use yellow and black DLR series plates (Dealer and Service Plate).

A service plate may be used:

  • on a trailer or motor vehicle other than a motorcycle or motor-assisted bicycle for purposes related to the repair, road testing, customization or modification of the vehicle, if the vehicle is in the possession of the person to whom the service plate is issued, or
  • for the purpose of transporting the vehicle by a person engaged in the business of transporting vehicles, or
  • for purposes related to the manufacturing or sale of a trailer, or
  • for the purpose of towing the vehicle by a person engaged in the business of transporting vehicles, or
  • to tow a vehicle to a location where its load will be removed or to an impound facility.

Private use of motor vehicles or trailers with a service plate is not permitted.

Personalized licence plates[edit]

Along with regular series plates, the province also offers personalized plates for passenger and commercial vehicles. A personalized licence plate message may contain almost any combination of letters and numbers from two to eight characters. The plates can also include one of 60 different graphics,[19] with two to six characters. Available graphics have changed over the years, with some becoming available, while others have been withdrawn or modified. Owners selecting a graphic but no custom message are generally assigned a registration with a 12XY34 pattern, where the XY is a code indicating the design (i.e.: LN and LM = Loon, CF = Canadian Flag, etc.).

The province reserves the right to refuse or withdraw plates for a variety of reasons,[20] including:

  • Sexual messages
  • Abusive, obscene language and derogatory slang
  • Promotion or denunciation of religion and religious figures
  • Promotion of use of drugs or alcohol
  • Messages relating to politics, political figures, negative statements on institutions and persons, public personalities, or police badge numbers
  • Advocating or promoting violence or crime
  • Any discriminatory statement
  • Ambiguous or confusing numbers, or which may be mistaken for another existing plate (about 1 in 3 rejections)
  • Messages which may infringe on copyright and intellectual property

While criteria have existed since the introduction of personalized plates, accusations of excessive zeal led the McGuinty government to set up a review committee in August 2008. The eight-member committee meets weekly to review submissions. In the first half of 2013, it had rejected 3% of requests.[21] Plates have also been withdrawn after issue.[22]

The ownership of plates with graphic elements associated with particular groups, such as veterans or firefighters, may be restricted and require proof of eligibility.

Personalized plates with two to five characters are also available for motorcycles.

Manufacturing[edit]

Since 1994, Ontario plates have had a reflective backing. Between 1999-2003, the backing was made by Avery. These can be recognized by the slogan written with smaller letters, and the presence of a registration mark below the bottom left bolt hole. Backing has since been made using 3M-brand reflective material.

Ontario licence plates were formerly manufactured at the Millbrook Correctional Centre in Cavan-Millbrook-North Monaghan.[24] Upon Millbrook's closure in 2003[25], manufacture was moved to the Central East Correctional Centre in Lindsay, Ontario.[26] Since 1991, all Ontario plates have been manufactured for the MTO by Trilcor Industries, owned by the province's Ministry of Community Safety and Correctional Services.[27]

Defective Plates[edit]

In 2012, reports began to appear of plates deteriorating earlier than otherwise expected. The reflective layers detached themselves from the metal plate, making the plate unreadable. Approximately 1% of licence plates issued have this defect. The defect has appeared in both front and rear plates. Trilcor Industries and the MTO offer a five-year warranty on plates and will replace the defective plates at no cost.[28] Plate replacement for other reasons (theft, damage, wear, etc.) is done at a cost.

Conventional plates can be replaced "over-the-counter" at a license office, but the complete process for personalized plates takes over six months.[29]

Driving with an illegible plate is an offence punishable by fine, under the Highway Traffic Act.[30]

Investigation into causes[edit]

In 2015, the Ministry of Community Safety and Correctional Services hired Canada's National Research Council to identify the root cause of licence plate de-lamination. The NRC's report indicated that the reflective material adhered poorly to the aluminium plates, and that embossing process stressed the materials to the point that the reflective layer would puncture and de-laminate. At that point, water and other contaminants could slip between the layers. Also, road de-icing materials contributed to the de-lamination. The report found that this problem was present in samples from all types of plates, except for motorcycle plates.

The report recommended that Trilcor work with its supplier of laminating layer to resolve the problem, and indicated that a thicker layer of material would likely perform better.[31]

Alternative supplier[edit]

In 2016, an increase in the rate of defective plates combined with an increase in the number of registered vehicles led to the Ontario Ministry of Transport unable to keep up with demand for plates. It placed an order for 100,000 units from the Waldale Irwin Holdson Group, the largest licence plate manufacturer in North America.[32] Plates are produced by the Waldale Manufacturing facility in Amherst, Nova Scotia.

Plates from the first batch of 35,000 can be identified due to the use of embossed letters and numbers from Nova Scotia plates, which differ in appearance from Ontarian fonts.[33]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ontario Archive". PorcelainPlates.net. Retrieved 16 August 2017. 
  2. ^ "Highway Traffic Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. H.8". Government of Ontario. Retrieved 17 September 2015. 
  3. ^ "R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 628: Vehicle Permits". Government of Ontario. Retrieved 17 September 2015. 
  4. ^ Leslie Howard Saunders. An Orangeman in public life: the memoirs of Leslie Howard Saunders. Britannia Printers, 1980 pg. 97
  5. ^ Garrish, Christopher (October 2016). "Reconsidering the Standard Plate Size". Plates. Vol. 62 no. 5. Automobile License Plate Collectors Association. 
  6. ^ a b "Ontario License Plates". allaboutlicenseplates.com. Retrieved 10 July 2017. 
  7. ^ Sallmen, Joseph (2003). Ontario License Plates: A Century of History. p. 13. ISBN 0973414405. 
  8. ^ Ontario Ministry of Transportation (1991). Ontario Licence Plate and Permit Guide. Ontario Ministry of Transportation. 
  9. ^ "Ontario's Green Licence Plate Program". Ministry of Transportation of Ontario. Retrieved 6 July 2015. 
  10. ^ "Highway Traffic Act, R.S.O. 1990, CHAPTER H.8, s7". eLaws. Queen's Printer for Ontario. Retrieved 17 September 2015. 
  11. ^ "Fees for other types of vehicles". Ministry of Transportation of Ontario. Queen's Printer for Ontario. Retrieved 17 September 2015. 
  12. ^ "Vehicles must be 30 years old for historic plate designation". wheels.ca. Toronto Star Newspapers and Metroland news. Retrieved 17 September 2015. 
  13. ^ "Is my pickup truck a commercial motor vehicle and does it need a CVOR?". Ministry of Transport of Ontario. QUEEN'S PRINTER FOR ONTARIO. Retrieved 31 August 2015. 
  14. ^ "Register a farm vehicle (permit, licence plate and sticker)". Ministry of Transport of Ontario. Queen's Printer for Ontario. Retrieved 17 September 2015. 
  15. ^ Used for example by Palestine or Taiwan, which has a trade office but is not officially recognized by the Canadian Government
  16. ^ "Dealer plates and Service plates - public information package" (PDF). Hamilton Police. Hamilton Police. Retrieved 24 August 2015. 
  17. ^ "Driver's Handbook". Ministry of Transportation of Ontario. Queen's Printer for Ontario. Retrieved 17 September 2015. 
  18. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions about Ontario Dealer Plates". ucda.org. The Used Car Dealers Association of Ontario. Retrieved 24 August 2015. 
  19. ^ "Choose a licence plate graphic". Service Ontario. Queen's Printer for Ontario. Retrieved 24 August 2015. 
  20. ^ "Choose an appropriate personalized message". Service Ontario. Queen's printer for Ontario. Retrieved 24 August 2015. 
  21. ^ Ellison, Marc (2 August 2013). "0UTLAW3D: The vanity licence plates the Ontario government won’t let you see". The Toronto Star. Toronto Star Newspapers Ltd. Retrieved 7 October 2015. 
  22. ^ Laroque, Corey (10 May 2011). "Government revokes driver's 'WTF' plate". The Toronto Sun. Sun Media. Retrieved 24 August 2015. 
  23. ^ Leslie, Keith (13 November 2009). "Licence plates to honour troops called 'offensive gimmick'". The Globe and Mail. The Globe and Mail Inc. Retrieved 26 August 2015. 
  24. ^ Sallmen, Joseph (2003). Ontario License Plates: A Century of History. p. 66. ISBN 0973414405. 
  25. ^ Graham, Karen (2015). "End of an Era as the Jail Comes Tumbling Down". Millbrook,Ontario. Retrieved 2017-10-11. 
  26. ^ "First look at where Ontario inmates make blankets, licence plates". CTV News London. CTV Television Network. Retrieved 24 August 2015. 
  27. ^ "Treatment Programs;Trilcor Industries". Ministry of Community Safety and Correctional Services. Queen's Printer for Ontario. Retrieved 24 August 2015. 
  28. ^ Warren, May (22 January 2015). "Peeling licence plates a problem across Ontario". Waterloo Region Record. Metroland News. Retrieved 2 September 2015. 
  29. ^ "How can I replace a lost, stolen, or damaged licence plate or personalized licence plate?". Service Ontario. Queen's Printer for Ontario. Retrieved 2 September 2015. 
  30. ^ "Highway Traffic Act (Highway Traffic Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. H.8)". ontario.ca. Queen's Printer for Ontario. Retrieved 2 September 2015. 
  31. ^ Howorun, Christina (22 September 2016). "Thousands of Ontario licence plates deemed defective". Rogers Digital Media. City News. Retrieved 18 January 2017. 
  32. ^ "About us". Waldale Irwin Hodson Group. Retrieved 18 January 2017. 
  33. ^ "Ontario special orders licence plates to meet high demand". CBC News. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 18 January 2017. 

External links[edit]