Vehicle registration tax (Ireland)

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Vehicle registration tax or VRT is a tax that must be paid in Ireland when registering a motor vehicle.

The tax is paid to the Revenue in two ways:

  • VRT is included in the retail price of a new motor vehicle purchased from a dealership
  • The tax is paid by the owner of a motor vehicle imported from abroad upon applying for registration (subject to exemptions, below).

The vehicle must be presented at a National Car Test centre within 30 days of importation into Ireland.[1]

Calculation[edit]

VRT is calculated as a percentage of the open market selling price (OMSP) of the vehicle. The OMSP is the "expected retail price" and includes all taxes (Including VAT) previously paid in the state.

VRT rates pre-July 2008[edit]

Vehicle Engine Size VRT
Cat. A: Cars < 1400 cc 22.5% of OMSP, (subject to a min. tax of €315)
Cat. A: Cars 1401-1900cc 25% of OMSP (subject to a min. tax of €315)
Cat. A: Cars > 1900cc 30% of OMSP (subject to a min. tax of €315)
Cat. B: Car-based commercial vehicles N/A (Pre 2011: £50 flat rate). Post 2011: 13.3% of OMSP (subject to a min tax of €125)
Cat. C: Commercial vehicles N/A A flat rate of €50.
Cat. D: Emergency and construction vehicles N/A N/A
Hybrid vehicles as per cars 50% of VRT payable may be rebated in respect of some hybrid vehicles.

Current VRT rates[edit]

A new system was introduced with effect from 1 July 2008. This system moved the VRT calculation for passenger vehicles from being calculated on engine capacity to a system calculated on CO2 Emissions. This system applies to new vehicles registered from this date as well as second hand vehicles (originally registered after this date) imported after this date. Commercial Vehicles remain unaffected. The rates have been updated however as of 1 January 2013.

VRT Rates as of 1 January 2013

Band CO2 Emissions (/km) VRT Rate
A1 0 – 80g 14% of OMSP
A2 81 – 100g 15% of OMSP
A3 101 – 110g 16% of OMSP
A4 111 – 120g 17% of OMSP
B1 121 – 130g 18% of OMSP
B2 131 – 140g 19% of OMSP
C 141 - 155g 23% of OMSP
D 156 - 170g 27% of OMSP
E 171 - 190g 30% of OMSP
F 191 - 225g 34% of OMSP
G 226g and over 36% of OMSP

VRT Rates Before January 2013

Band CO2 Emissions (/km) VRT Rate
A 0 – 120g 14% of OMSP
B 121 – 140g 16% of OMSP
C 141 – 155g 20% of OMSP
D 156 – 170g 24% of OMSP
E 171 – 190g 28% of OMSP
F 191 – 225g 32% of OMSP
G 226g and over 36% of OMSP

In addition, Motor Tax Rates have been realigned to reflect these new VRT bands with the motor tax payable being linked to the VRT band.

Exemptions[edit]

  • Disabled Drivers or Disabled Passengers who have been certified eligible and purchase vehicles modified for their use.
  • Temporary or new residents who have previously registered their vehicle abroad for more than six months (and are additionally prevented from selling their vehicle for twelve months after moving to Ireland)
  • Diplomats

Criticisms[edit]

Critics of VRT claim that it is effectively a continuation of the excise duty (which was applicable to vehicles in Ireland prior to 1992) and as such is illegal under European union law. It should also be noted that as it is calculated on the selling price of a vehicle, inclusive of VAT and VRT, so is in effect a double taxation. Along with complaints about the very high rate of tax, critics maintain the tax is ineffective in one of its stated aims the reduction of pollution from vehicles because while it may limit the number of vehicles on the road (by making new cars less affordable), it provides a disincentive for owners of older (more polluting) vehicles to replace their cars. As the tax is on vehicle ownership rather than usage there is little incentive for those who do manage to buy a car to ever consider using less polluting methods of transport.

Other countries[edit]

Similar taxes are in place are the Netherlands which has the BPM (Belasting Personenauto’s Motorrijwielen) tax. This tax is based on the CO2 emission. The average tax amount per vehicle in the Netherlands is €2.700.

Finland also operates a system which charges a separate vehicle tax in addition to VAT. This system has also attracted controversy. This due to a heavy car tax. Finnish cars are the oldest in Europe and the death rate is highest in Scandinavia. The government also saturates the writing of car taxes. The system is illegal in the EU.[2]

Denmark has the heaviest vehicle tax in Europe (the second heaviest in the world after Singapore). The tax is 105% of the first DKK 81,700 and 150% of the rest, down from 180%, as of 20 November 2015. The tax is calculated after the VAT (25%), so it's also double taxing. [3]

Other European countries which have registration tax: Austria, Portugal, Greece, Norway (heavy, similar to Denmark) and Iceland.

References[edit]

External links[edit]