Vehicle regulation

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Vehicle regulations are requirements that automobiles must satisfy in order to be approved for sale or use in a particular country or region. They are usually mandated by legislation, and administered by a government body. The regulations concern aspects such as lighting, controls, crashworthiness, environment protection and theft protection.

List of regulations[edit]

Internationally harmonised regulations[edit]

The first steps toward harmonising vehicle regulations internationally were made in 1952 when WP.29, a working party of experts on technical requirements of vehicles was created. This resulted in the 1958 Agreement on uniform conditions of approval and mutual recognition of approvals of vehicles, components and parts. There was a new agreement in 1998 whose objectives were to improve global safety, decrease environmental pollution and consumption of energy and improve anti‐theft performance of vehicles and related components and equipment through establishing global technical regulations (GTRs) in a Global Registry based on UNECE Regulations or on national regulations listed in a Compendium of candidates, GTR harmonising them at the highest level. In 2000, WP.29 became the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations that is a working party of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe(UNECE).

Table of regulations[edit]

Europe Europe[1] United States USA[2] United Nations Global[3] India India[4] Japan Japan China China South Korea South Korea Australia Australia Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf Gulf
Doors UN R11 FMVSS 206 GTR 1 IS 14225 GSO 419/1994, GSO 420/1994
Steering wheel UN R12 FMVSS 203, FMVSS 204 AIS-096 GB 11557-2011
Seat belts UN R14 FMVSS 209 AIS-015 GSO 96/1988, GSO 97/1988
Child restraint system UN R44, R129 FMVSS 213 AIS-072 JIS D 040122000 GB 14166-2013 KMVSS 103-2 AS/NZS 1754:2013; AS/NZS 3629:2013 GSO 1709/2005, GSO 1710/2005
Head restraints UN R17 FMVSS 202a GTR 7 IS 15546 GSO 1598/2002
Seats UN R17, UN R80 AIS-016, AIS-023
Occupant head impact UN R21 FMVSS 201 IS 15223 Art. 20 GB 11552-2009 KMVSS 88 ADR 21
Rear impact UN R32, UN R34 FMVSS 202a, FMVSS 301 AIS-101 Art. 15‐J017‐01 GB 20072-2006 GSO 37/2012
Bumper impact UN R42 FMVSS 581 AIS-006 GB 17354-1998 GSO 41/2007
Side windows UN R43 FMVSS 205, FMVSS 226 GTR 6
Rollover FMVSS 208
Roof strength UN R66 FMVSS 216, FMVSS 216a AIS-031 GB 26134-2010 GSO 39/2005
Offset frontal impact UN R94 FMVSS 208 AIS-098 Art. 18 GB/T 20913-2007 KMVSS 102 ADR 73/00 GSO 36/2005
Side impact - moving barrier UN R95 FMVSS 214 GTR 14 AIS-099 Art. 18 Attachmt. 24 GB 20071-2006 KMVSS 102 ADR 72/00 GSO 1707/2005, GSO 1708/2005
Pedestrian protection UN R127, EC R78/2009, EC R631/2009 GTR 9 AIS-100 Art. 18 Attachmt. 99 GB/T 24550-2009 KMVSS 102-2
Side pole impact UN R135 FMVSS 214 GTR 14 Art. 18 GB/T 37337/2019 KMVSS 102-4 ADR 85/00
Side door intrusion / Side door strength FMVSS 214 IS 12009 ADR 29/00 GSO 38/2005
Full frontal impact UN R137 FMVSS 208 AIS-096 Art. 18 Attachmt. 23 GB 11551-2014 KMVSS 102-3 ADR 69/00 GSO 36/2005
Sleeper coaches AIS-119
Vehicle interior noise (proposal)[1] 49 CFR 393.94 AIS-020
Vehicle exterior noise (noise pollution) UN R9, UN R41, UN R51, UN R63 40 CFR 205.52 Environment (Protection) Amendment Rules
Electric vehicle warning sounds (AVAS) Regulation 540/2014, UN R138 FMVSS 141
Motorcycle helmets UN R22 FMVSS 218 IS 4151 JIS T 8133:2000 AS/NZS 1698
Automotive lights FMVSS 108


  • Synoptic about International Regulations
  • "The World Forum for the harmonization of vehicle regulations (WP.29)". United Nations Economic Commission for Europe and Executive Committee -Sustainable Transport Division.