|Place of origin||India|
Vel (Tamil: வேல், lit. 'Vēl') is a divine javelin (spear) associated with Murugan, Hindu war God also known as Vel Murugan. Spears used by ancient Tamils in warfare were also commonly referred to by this name. "Vetrivel! Veeravel!" ("Victorious Vel, Courageous Vel") was a commonly used battle cry by ancient Tamil kings and soldiers.
|Part of the series on|
According to Hindu religion, Goddess Parvati presented the Vel to her son Murugan as an embodiment of her shakti or power in order to vanquish the evil asura Soorapadman. According to the Skanda Purana, in the war between Murugan and Soorapadman, Murugan used the Vel to defeat all the evil forces of Soorapadman. When a complete defeat for Soorapadman was imminent, the asura transformed himself into a huge mango tree to evade detection by Murugan. But not fooled by Asura's trick, Murugan hurled his Vel and split the mango tree into two halves, one becoming a rooster (Tamil: சேவல், lit. 'Cēval') and the other a peacock (Tamil: மயில், lit. 'Mayil'). Henceforth, the peacock became his vahana or mount and vehicle and the rooster became the emblem on his battle flag.
Vel, as a symbol of divinity, is an object of worship in the temples dedicated to Murugan. The annual Thaipusam festival celebrates the occasion when Murugan received the divine Vel from his mother. During this festival, some of the devotees pierce their skin, tongue or cheeks with vel skewers while they undertake a procession towards the Murugan temple.
The alternative interpretation of Vel is that it is a symbol of wisdom/knowledge. It symbolically shows that wisdom/knowledge should be sharp as in the Vel's tip, broad as in the vel's breadth and run deep as in the height. Only such wisdom can destroy the darkness of ignorance.
- Kumar, Madhan (2017-07-11). Thamizh Is Not Just A Language: The Valour. Educreation Publishing.
- Elliott, C. Brooke (1995). The Real Ceylon. Asian Educational Services. ISBN 9788120611351.
- Tambiah, Stanley Jeyaraja (1986). Sri Lanka: Ethnic Fratricide and the Dismantling of Democracy. I.B.Tauris. ISBN 9781850430261.
- Natarajan, Muni (2012-07-02). A Monk's Tale. ISBN 9780985701918.