Vela Supercluster

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Vela Supercluster
Observation data (Epoch J2000.0)
Constellation(s)Vela, Antila, Pyxis
Right ascension 09h 22m 43s
Declination−50° 07′ 08″
Major axis115 Mpc (375 Mly) h−1
~0.676
(Hubble constant based on 2016 Planck data)
Minor axis115 Mpc (375 Mly) h−1
~0.676
(Hubble constant based on 2016 Planck data)
Redshift18 000 km/s
Distance
(co-moving)
265.5 Mpc (866 Mly) h−1
~0.676
(Hubble constant based on 2016 Planck data)
Binding mass1 × 1015 M
See also: Galaxy groups, Galaxy clusters, List of galaxy clusters

The Vela Supercluster[1] (Vela SCl, VSCL) is a massive galactic supercluster about 265.5 megaparsecs (870 million light-years)[1] away within the vicinity of the Zone of Avoidance, centered on the constellation Vela. It is one of the largest structures found in the universe; covering about 25 × 20 degrees of the sky. It consists of two walls: a broad main wall and a secondary merging wall. The combined dimensions of the walls are 115 km/s Mpc on the major dimensions and 90 km/s Mpc on the minor ones,[clarification needed] which corresponds to about 385 million and 300 million light years, respectively. It is about "1 000 times the mass of the Milky Way galaxy", which corresponds to a mass of 1 × 1015 M. About 20 initial galaxy clusters have been identified spectroscopically.[1]

Supercluster[edit]

The supercluster's discovery has been reported late December 2016 by Kraan-Korteweg et al. through an analysis of the redshifts of 4 500 galaxies from the combined data of the 2dF Galaxy Redshift Survey which uses the AAOmega fiber optics from the Anglo-Australian Observatory (AAO), and the South African Large Telescope (SALT).[1]

The supercluster is located in a region obstructed by the view of the Milky Way's disc due to our position inside the disc. This region is known colloquially as the "Zone of Avoidance". Hence, the supercluster can only be studied at longer wavelengths (infrared, microwave, radio) which can pass through the gases and dust of the Milky Way disc.

The supercluster is close to the location where the Milky Way, and hence the Solar System, is currently moving with respect to the cosmic microwave background, a phenomenon known as the dark flow. This movement was found to be significant relative to the normal Hubble flow of the galaxies caused by the metric expansion of space. Although the Planck spacecraft showed no evidence for this flow, propositions to explain this bulk movement includes the influence of the nearby Shapley Supercluster and the Great Attractor at the center of the Laniakea Supercluster. Vela Supercluster is estimated to contribute at least 50 km/s (180 000 km/hr) of this bulk movement.[1]

The paper reporting the discovery describes the supercluster as "Terra Incognita (Latin "unknown land"), an unknown great continent in the nearby Universe whose outline we are only beginning to discern."[1] More comprehensive surveys in the future (i.e. the Taipan Galaxy Survey) are expected to provide additional data about the supercluster.

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Renée C. Kraan-Korteweg, Michelle E. Cluver, Maciej Bilicki, Thomas H. Jarrett, Matthew Colless, Hans Böhringer, Gayoung Chon (November 2016). "Discovery of a supercluster in the ZOA in Vela". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters. arXiv:1611.04615. Bibcode:2017MNRAS.466L..29K. doi:10.1093/mnrasl/slw229.CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link)
  • Renée C. Kraan-Korteweg, Thomas H. Jarrett, Ahmed Elagali, Michelle E. Cluver, Maciej Bilicki, Matthew M. Colless (June 2015). "The Unveiling of the newly discovered Vela Supercluster" (PDF). Proceedings of the SALT Science Conference 2015. Proceedings of Science. Bibcode:2015salt.confE..40K. PoS(SSC2015)040.CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Renée C. Kraan-Korteweg; Michelle E. Cluver; Maciej Bilicki; Thomas H. Jarrett; Matthew Colless; Hans Böhringer; Gayoung Chon (November 2016). "Discovery of a supercluster in the ZOA in Vela". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters. arXiv:1611.04615. Bibcode:2017MNRAS.466L..29K. doi:10.1093/mnrasl/slw229.

External links[edit]