Velar lateral approximant

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Velar lateral approximant
ʟ
IPA number 158
Encoding
Entity (decimal) ʟ
Unicode (hex) U+029F
X-SAMPA L\
Kirshenbaum L
Braille ⠔ (braille pattern dots-35) ⠇ (braille pattern dots-123)
Sound

The velar lateral approximant is a type of consonantal sound, used in a very small number[1] of spoken languages in the world. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ʟ (since 1989) and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is L\.

The velar laterals of the world often involve a prestopped realization [ɡ͡ʟ].[2]

Features[edit]

Features of the velar lateral approximant:

Occurrence[edit]

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
English Some dialects[3] milk About this sound [mɪʟk]  'milk' May occur before velar and labial consonants. See English phonology
Hiw[4] evov [ɡ͡ʟəβɡ͡ʟɔβ] 'evening' Realized as prestopped [ɡ͡ʟ].
Melpa[5] [paʟa] 'fence'
Mid-Wahgi[3] aglagle [aʟaʟe] 'dizzy'
Scots Falkirk[citation needed] ló [ʟoː] 'love'
North-Mid dialects[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]