Velcro

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Velcro Companies
Privately held company
Industry Manufacturing
Headquarters United Kingdom
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
Products Hook and loop fasteners
Number of employees
2,500
Website www.velcro.com

Velcro Companies is a privately held company that produces a series of mechanical based fastening products, including fabric hook and loop fasteners, under the brand name "Velcro".

History[edit]

Swiss electrical engineer George de Mestral invented his first touch fastener when, in 1941 he went for a walk in the woods and wondered why Burdock seeds cling to his coat and dog. He discovered it could be turned into something useful.[1] He patented it in 1955 and subsequently refined and developed its practical manufacture until its commercial introduction in the late 1950s.

The fastener consisted of two components: a lineal fabric strip with tiny hooks that could "mate" with another fabric strip with smaller loops, attaching temporarily, until pulled apart.[2] Initially made of cotton, which proved impractical,[3] the fastener was eventually constructed with nylon and polyester.[4]

De Mestral gave the name Velcro, a portmanteau of the French words velour ("velvet") and crochet ("hook"),[5][6] to his invention as well as his company, which continues to manufacture and market the fastening system.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Suddath, Claire (15 June 2010). "A Brief History of: Velcro" – via content.time.com. 
  2. ^ "Velcro". Merriam Webster. Retrieved 2008-05-10. 
  3. ^ Strauss, Steven D. (December 2001). The Big Idea: How Business Innovators Get Great Ideas to Market. Kaplan Business. pp. 15–pp.18. ISBN 978-0-7931-4837-0. Retrieved 2008-05-09. 
  4. ^ Schwarcz, Joseph A. (October 2003). Dr. Joe & What You Didn't Know: 99 Fascinating Questions About the Chemistry of Everyday Life. Ecw Press. p. 178. ISBN 978-1-55022-577-8. Retrieved 2008-05-09. But not every Velcro application has worked ... A strap-on device for impotent men also flopped. 
  5. ^ "Velcro." The Oxford English Dictionary. 2nd ed. 1989.
  6. ^ Stephens, Thomas (2007-01-04). "How a Swiss invention hooked the world". swissinfo.ch. Retrieved 2008-05-09. 

External links[edit]