Velehrad

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Velehrad
Basilica of Saints Cyril and Methodius
Basilica of Saints Cyril and Methodius
Flag of Velehrad
Coat of arms of Velehrad
Velehrad is located in Czech Republic
Velehrad
Velehrad
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 49°6′20″N 17°23′39″E / 49.10556°N 17.39417°E / 49.10556; 17.39417Coordinates: 49°6′20″N 17°23′39″E / 49.10556°N 17.39417°E / 49.10556; 17.39417
Country Czech Republic
RegionZlín
DistrictUherské Hradiště
Founded1205
Government
 • MayorAleš Mergental
Area
 • Total22.25 km2 (8.59 sq mi)
Elevation
219 m (719 ft)
Population
 (2022-01-01)[1]
 • Total1,112
 • Density50/km2 (130/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
687 06
Websitewww.velehrad.cz

Velehrad is a municipality and village in Uherské Hradiště District in the Zlín Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 1,100 inhabitants. It is known as a pilgrimage site.

Geography[edit]

Most of the municipality lies in the Chřiby highlands. The built-up area lies in the valley of the stream Salaška.

History[edit]

The first written mention of Velingrad is from 1141. It was however the old name of neighbouring Staré Město, from which the name Velehrad was derived.[2] In 1205, Margrave of Moravia Vladislaus III founded here a Cistercian monastery. The Romanesque monastery complex was finished in the first half of the 13th century.[3]

After the monastery was abolished in 1784 by a decree of Emperor Joseph II, the people who worked in the monastery founded a municipality. The dilapidated monastery complex was gradually repaired in the mid-19th century. Since 1890 it has been managed by Society of Jesus. It became an important pilgrimage site with the annual participation of tens of thousands of pilgrims. In the 1990s it was visited twice by Pope John Paul II.[3]

Sights[edit]

A column with the statue of the Virgin Mary

Velehrad is the most famous pilgrimage site in the Czech Republic.[4] Sights include:[5]

Notable people[edit]

  • Otmar Oliva (born 1952), sculptor; lives and works here

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2022". Czech Statistical Office. 2022-04-29.
  2. ^ "Historie města" (in Czech). Město Staré Město. Retrieved 2021-12-10.
  3. ^ a b "Historie poutního místa a jeho památky" (in Czech). Obec Velehrad. Retrieved 2021-12-10.
  4. ^ "Velehrad" (in Czech). Poutní místa ČR. Retrieved 2020-11-25.
  5. ^ "Velehrad". Velehrad Pilgrimage Site. Retrieved 2021-12-10.

External links[edit]