Location of the municipality of Velika Plana within Serbia
|Region||Southern and Eastern Serbia|
|• Mayor||Igor Matkovic|
|• President of the Municipal Assembly||Dalibor Todorovic|
|• Municipality||345 km2 (133 sq mi)|
|Elevation||123 m (404 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Velika Plana (Serbian Cyrillic: Велика Плана, pronounced [ʋêlikaː plǎːna]) is a town and municipality located in the Podunavlje District of Serbia. As of 2011, the population of the municipality is 40,578 (i.e. in the town proper, 16,078 inhabitants).
It lies on the left bank of Velika Morava, at a distance of 4 kilometres (2 miles) from the town centre.
Except for the very centre of town, Velika Plana is stretched alongside major roads for miles. Officially it is composed of three townships: Town Mains, Stari Odbor (the Old Downtown), and Bresje. Town Mains is further subdivided into neighbourhoods of Centar, Đurakovac, Kod Železničke (Railway Station area), Gloža-Ciglana (Brick factory area) where a tiny Morava river village has been reconstructed, and Magareća Glava (Donkey Head). There is also a satellite so-called weekend settlement (vikend naselje) next to the Pokajnica monastery between Velika Plana, Staro Selo and Radovanje.
Leisure and historic monuments
In the center of the town is a quaint town park. The town also has few smaller parks.
At the outskirts of the town are three important ecclesiastical monuments: the early 15th century Koporin Monastery where Despot Stefan Lazarević, son of Prince Lazar of the Battle of Kosovo is buried; the early 19th century Pokajnica Monastery built as a sign of repentance (Serbian: pokajanje/покајање) by the murderer of Karađorđe, leader of the First Serbian Uprising and the founder of the Karađorđević royal family of Serbia and later Yugoslavia; as well as a small church built by King Alexander Karađorđević of Yugoslavia at the exact place of his ancestor's murder.
The latter two are within 4 kilometres (2 miles) from each other, and easily reachable by public transit. Koporin is more secluded but still within 11 km (7 mi) from the other two.
The origins of industry in Velika Plana is connected to its agricultural environment and starts in the 1880s. Before World War II, there were three slaughterhouses-meat processing plants here, first that of Italian citizen of German origin Toni Klefiš (Tony Klefisch), and later that of Germans Christian Scheuß and Wilhelm Schumacher, and the one whose stocks were owned by a group of three larger and seven smaller Serbian entrepreneurs.
After WW II, all this property was nationalised and unified into a huge plant, expanding to include all sorts of food and food-related production, all the way to clothes and duvets with goose down. These have, however, folded in the 1990s with the disastrous events concurrent with the breakdown of ex-Yugoslavia.
The following table gives a preview of total number of employed people per their core activity (as of 2016):
|Agriculture, forestry and fishing||138|
|Distribution of power, gas and water||62|
|Distribution of water and water waste management||186|
|Wholesale and retail, repair||1,570|
|Traffic, storage and communication||368|
|Hotels and restaurants||304|
|Media and telecommunications||51|
|Finance and insurance||66|
|Property stock and charter||5|
|Professional, scientific, innovative and technical activities||219|
|Administrative and other services||115|
|Administration and social assurance||385|
|Healthcare and social work||311|
|Art, leisure and recreation||85|
The main Serbian motorway from Subotica to Niš goes by the town. The town is also an important railroad junction. Twin tracks go south toward Niš, a track goes west to Belgrade, and a track goes north to Mala Krsna junction, where it splits towards Belgrade, Smederevo and Požarevac. This, in combination with the fact that many bus lines form southern Serbia to Belgrade and Vojvodina make a stop at the town bus station, makes Velika Plana an important transportation hub of central Serbia.
Culture and society
Education and research
Velika Plana has three elementary schools in the town itself: Sveti Sava (previously Moša Pijade), Karađorđe (previously Мiloš Mitrović), and Nadežda Petrović, and 11 in the surrounding suburbs and villages.
It also has three high schools: a gymnasium, a technical high school and a business assistant high school.
The Veterinary centre Velika Plana started artificial insemination in cows in 1957 and later expanded to other livestock and claims to be one of the leading centres of its kind in South-Eastern Europe.
Since 2009 a festival of rock music Plana Demo Fest has been organised under sponsorship of the Velika Plana Youth Community Centre. With more and more bands appearing each year, and the first foreign participants in 2011, its organisers hope that it shall become a springboard for youth rock bands in Serbia.
- Kosta Manojlović, ethnomusicologist, co-founder and the first dean of the Conservatory of Music at the University of Arts in Belgrade
- Aleksandar Tirnanić, a pre-WW II football (soccer) player and coach
- Radomir Lukić, jurist and the youngest person ever appointed as professor at the University of Belgrade Law School
- Velimir Živojinović Massuka, poet, translator, director in chief of the National Theatre in Belgrade
- Vladimir Petković, art historian and archeologist, member of the Serbian Academy of Arts and Sciences
- Vojislav Koštunica, former President of Yugoslavia and Prime Minister of Serbia (see Wikipedia in Serbian sr: Милошевац and sr: Војислав Коштуница)
- Snežana Savić, movie actress and singer
- Miodrag Kojadinovic, Canadian writer, lived here as a child.
Velika Plana is twinned with:
At the time of SFR Yugoslavia it was also twinned with:
but the relationship with these two has dwindled away and has not been revived as yet.
- "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
- "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
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- "PRAZNICI NAM STIŽU". Etnoselo.rs. Retrieved 28 December 2017.
- "GOŠA MONTAŽA ad". 6 January 2015. Archived from the original on 6 January 2015. Retrieved 28 December 2017.
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- "YouTube". Youtube.com. Retrieved 28 December 2017.
- "ОПШТИНЕ И РЕГИОНИ У РЕПУБЛИЦИ СРБИЈИ, 2017" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 20 February 2017.
- "Refer to its site (in Serbian)". Svcvelikaplana.com. Retrieved 28 December 2017.
- "このドメインはお名前.comで取得されています。". Balkandemofest.velikaplana.info. Retrieved 28 December 2017.
- s.r.l., Officine Digitali. "Gemellaggi e Rapporti Internazionali - La Città - Città e territorio - Comune di Conselice". Comune.conselice.ra.it. Retrieved 28 December 2017.
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