Velika Plana

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Velika Plana

Велика Плана
Town centre
Town centre
Flag of Velika Plana
Flag
Coat of arms of Velika Plana
Coat of arms
Location of the municipality of Velika Plana within Serbia
Location of the municipality of Velika Plana within Serbia
Coordinates: 44°20′N 21°05′E / 44.333°N 21.083°E / 44.333; 21.083Coordinates: 44°20′N 21°05′E / 44.333°N 21.083°E / 44.333; 21.083
Country Serbia
RegionSouthern and Eastern Serbia
DistrictPodunavlje
Settlements13
Government
 • MayorIgor Matković (SNS)
Area
 • Town47.64 km2 (18.39 sq mi)
 • Municipality345 km2 (133 sq mi)
Elevation
123 m (404 ft)
Population
 (2011 census)[3]
 • Town
16,088
 • Town density340/km2 (870/sq mi)
 • Municipality
40,902
 • Municipality density120/km2 (310/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
11320
Area code+381(0)26
Car platesVP
Websitewww.velikaplana.org.rs

Velika Plana (Serbian Cyrillic: Велика Плана, pronounced [ʋêlikaː plǎːna]) is a town and municipality located in the Podunavlje District of eastern Serbia. As of 2011, the town has 16,088, while the municipality has 40,902 inhabitants. Velika Plana lies on the left bank of Velika Morava.

Neighbourhoods[edit]

Administration Building

The municipality of Velika Plana has 13 settlements. Town of Velika Plana is composed of three townships:[4] Town Main's, Stari Odbor (the Old Downtown),[5][6] and Bresje. Town Main's is further subdivided into neighbourhoods of Centar, Đurakovac, Kod Železničke (Railway Station area), Gloža-Ciglana (Brick factory area) where a tiny Morava river village has been reconstructed,[7] and Magareća Glava (Donkey Head). There is also a satellite so-called weekend settlement (vikend naselje) next to the Pokajnica monastery between Velika Plana, Staro Selo and Radovanje.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
194843,188—    
195345,804+1.18%
196146,952+0.31%
197148,443+0.31%
198152,114+0.73%
199150,650−0.28%
200244,167−1.24%
201140,902−0.85%
Source: [8]

As of 2011 census, the municipality has 40,902 inhabitants.

Ethnic groups[edit]

The ethnic composition of the municipality:[9]

Ethnic group Population
Serbs 38,761
Roma 380
Montenegrins 62
Macedonians 43
Croats 32
Yugoslavs 29
Romanians 25
Bulgarians 24
Albanians 19
Hungarians 17
Others 1,510
Total 40,902

Economy[edit]

Meat processing plant of Scheuß & Schumacher, built between 1894 and 1902

The origins of industry in Velika Plana is connected to its agricultural environment and starts in the 1880s. Before World War II, there were three slaughterhouses-meat processing plants here, first that of Italian citizen of German origin Toni Klefiš (Tony Klefisch), and later that of Germans Christian Scheuß and Wilhelm Schumacher, and the one whose stocks were owned by a group of three larger and seven smaller Serbian entrepreneurs.

After WW II, all this property was nationalised and unified into a huge plant, expanding to include all sorts of food and food-related production, all the way to clothes and duvets with goose down. These have, however, folded in the 1990s with the disastrous events concurrent with the breakdown of ex-Yugoslavia.

Today, main industrial work is a branch of Goša FOM from Smederevska Palanka[10] and the newly opened plant to produce parts for military industry.[11][12]

The following table gives a preview of total number of employed people per their core activity (as of 2017):[13]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 147
Mining 38
Processing industry 1,767
Distribution of power, gas and water 69
Distribution of water and water waste management 219
Construction 398
Wholesale and retail, repair 1,673
Traffic, storage and communication 356
Hotels and restaurants 312
Media and telecommunications 58
Finance and insurance 67
Property stock and charter 3
Professional, scientific, innovative and technical activities 193
Administrative and other services 175
Administration and social assurance 385
Education 624
Healthcare and social work 313
Art, leisure and recreation 86
Other services 148
Total 7,031

Transportation[edit]

Velika Plana Train Station

The main Serbian A1 motorway from Subotica to Niš goes by the town. The town is also an important railroad junction. Twin tracks go south toward Niš, a track goes west to Belgrade, and a track goes north to Mala Krsna junction, where it splits towards Belgrade, Smederevo and Požarevac. This, in combination with the fact that many bus lines form southern Serbia to Belgrade and Vojvodina make a stop at the town bus station, makes Velika Plana an important transportation hub of central Serbia.[citation needed]

Culture and society[edit]

Education[edit]

Velika Plana has three elementary schools in the town itself: Sveti Sava (previously named Moša Pijade), Karađorđe (previously named Мiloš Mitrović), and Nadežda Petrović, and 11 in the surrounding suburbs and villages.

It also has three high schools: Gymnasium, Technical High School and Business Assistant High School.

The "Veterinary Centre Velika Plana" started artificial insemination in cows in 1957 and later expanded to other livestock and claims to be one of the leading centres of its kind in South-Eastern Europe.[14]

Leisure and historic monuments[edit]

Zahvalnica Church
Pokajnica Monastery near Velika Plana
Koporin Monastery

Town has large town park near centre and several smaller parks across town.

At the outskirts of the town are three important ecclesiastical monuments: the early 15th century Koporin Monastery where Despot Stefan Lazarević, son of Prince Lazar of the Battle of Kosovo is buried; the early 19th century Pokajnica Monastery built as a sign of repentance (Serbian: pokajanje/покајање) by the murderer of Karađorđe, leader of the First Serbian Uprising and the founder of the Karađorđević royal family of Serbia and later Yugoslavia; as well as a small church built by King Alexander Karađorđević of Yugoslavia at the exact place of his ancestor's murder.

The latter two are within 4 kilometres (2 miles) from each other, and easily reachable by public transit. Koporin is more secluded but still within 11 km (7 mi) from the other two.

Rock festival[edit]

Festival of rock music "Plana Demo Fest" has been organised since 2009 and is under sponsorship of the "Velika Plana Youth Community Centre".

Notable people[edit]

International relations[edit]

Velika Plana is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 28 November 2010.
  2. ^ "Насеља општине Велика Плана" (PDF). .stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Retrieved 21 March 2019.
  3. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 27 June 2014.
  4. ^ "Sajt opštine Velika Plana". Velikaplana.opstinesrbije.com. Retrieved 28 December 2017.
  5. ^ "Stari odbor". Bisnode.rs. Retrieved 28 December 2017.
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ "PRAZNICI NAM STIŽU". Etnoselo.rs. Retrieved 28 December 2017.
  8. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
  9. ^ "Попис становништва, домаћинстава и станова 2011. у Републици Србији" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Republički zavod za statistiku. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
  10. ^ "GOŠA MONTAŽA ad". 6 January 2015. Archived from the original on 6 January 2015. Retrieved 28 December 2017. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  11. ^ "sumadijapress.co.rs". Sumadijapress.co.rs. Retrieved 28 December 2017.
  12. ^ "YouTube". Youtube.com. Retrieved 28 December 2017.
  13. ^ "ОПШТИНЕ И РЕГИОНИ У РЕПУБЛИЦИ СРБИЈИ, 2018" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  14. ^ "Refer to its site (in Serbian)". Svcvelikaplana.com. Retrieved 28 December 2017.
  15. ^ s.r.l., Officine Digitali. "Gemellaggi e Rapporti Internazionali - La Città - Città e territorio - Comune di Conselice". Comune.conselice.ra.it. Retrieved 28 December 2017.

External links[edit]