Veliko Gradište

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Veliko Gradište

Велико Градиште
Town center of Veliko Gradiste and Orthodox church
Town center of Veliko Gradiste and Orthodox church
Coat of arms of Veliko Gradište
Coat of arms
Location of the municipality of Veliko Gradište within Serbia
Location of the municipality of Veliko Gradište within Serbia
Coordinates: 44°45′N 21°31′E / 44.750°N 21.517°E / 44.750; 21.517Coordinates: 44°45′N 21°31′E / 44.750°N 21.517°E / 44.750; 21.517
Country Serbia
RegionSouthern and Eastern Serbia
DistrictBraničevo
Settlements26
Government
 • MayorDragan Milić
Area
 • Town66.36 km2 (25.62 sq mi)
 • Municipality344.05 km2 (132.84 sq mi)
Elevation
72 m (236 ft)
Population
 (2011 census)[2]
 • Town
6,204
 • Town density93/km2 (240/sq mi)
 • Municipality
17,610
 • Municipality density51/km2 (130/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
12220
Area code+381(0)12
Car platesPO
ClimateCfb
Websitewww.velikogradiste.rs

Veliko Gradište (Serbian Cyrillic: Велико Градиште, pronounced [ʋělikoː ɡrâdiːʃte]) is a town and municipality located in the Braničevo District of the eastern Serbia. It is situated the right bank of the Danube river and left bank of the Pek river. In 2011, the town has a total population of 6,204, while the municipality has 17,610.

Name[edit]

The name means "big construction site" in Serbian. Names in other languages: Romanian: Gradiştea Mare.

History[edit]

Thracians and Dacians lived in the region prior to the Roman conquering of the Balkans in the 1st century BC, when the town was known as "Pincum", in the province of Upper Moesia. The Pincum relief of the Trojan Cycle depicting Achilles and Hector was found in Ritopek.[3]

Settlements[edit]

Aside from the town of Veliko Gradište, the municipality includes the following settlements:

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 census, the municipality has 17,610 inhabitants.

Ethnic groups[edit]

The ethnic composition of the municipality is given in the following table (as of 2011 census):[4]

Ethnic group Population %
Serbs 16,291 92.51%
Vlachs 382 2.17%
Roma 258 1.47%
Romanians 65 0.37%
Others 614 3.49%
Total 17,610

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Veliko Gradište (1981–2010, extremes 1961–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17.5
(63.5)
22.2
(72.0)
28.0
(82.4)
30.4
(86.7)
35.3
(95.5)
38.6
(101.5)
43.6
(110.5)
40.6
(105.1)
36.1
(97.0)
31.1
(88.0)
27.1
(80.8)
17.7
(63.9)
43.6
(110.5)
Average high °C (°F) 3.5
(38.3)
6.1
(43.0)
11.9
(53.4)
18.0
(64.4)
23.3
(73.9)
26.4
(79.5)
28.9
(84.0)
29.0
(84.2)
23.8
(74.8)
17.7
(63.9)
10.3
(50.5)
4.6
(40.3)
16.9
(62.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 0.1
(32.2)
1.5
(34.7)
6.2
(43.2)
11.8
(53.2)
17.0
(62.6)
19.9
(67.8)
21.9
(71.4)
21.5
(70.7)
16.8
(62.2)
11.7
(53.1)
6.0
(42.8)
1.4
(34.5)
11.3
(52.3)
Average low °C (°F) −2.9
(26.8)
−2.4
(27.7)
1.4
(34.5)
6.1
(43.0)
11.0
(51.8)
13.7
(56.7)
15.2
(59.4)
15.1
(59.2)
11.4
(52.5)
7.2
(45.0)
2.4
(36.3)
−1.5
(29.3)
6.4
(43.5)
Record low °C (°F) −26.4
(−15.5)
−22.6
(−8.7)
−19.6
(−3.3)
−7.9
(17.8)
−1.0
(30.2)
2.4
(36.3)
5.9
(42.6)
5.7
(42.3)
−2.1
(28.2)
−6.9
(19.6)
−14.2
(6.4)
−19.4
(−2.9)
−26.4
(−15.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 45.0
(1.77)
42.2
(1.66)
41.5
(1.63)
57.2
(2.25)
59.8
(2.35)
81.6
(3.21)
61.4
(2.42)
55.9
(2.20)
57.5
(2.26)
51.8
(2.04)
48.4
(1.91)
50.7
(2.00)
653.0
(25.71)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 13 12 12 13 13 13 10 9 10 10 11 14 138
Average snowy days 9 8 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 8 31
Average relative humidity (%) 83 77 69 67 68 70 68 67 72 74 78 83 73
Mean monthly sunshine hours 67.2 95.5 151.8 183.5 235.6 257.0 291.3 280.5 203.9 156.8 92.1 58.6 2,073.8
Source: Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia[5]

Economy[edit]

The following table gives a preview of total number of registered people employed in legal entities per their core activity (as of 2018):[6]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 109
Mining and quarrying 10
Manufacturing 303
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 22
Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 29
Construction 155
Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 526
Transportation and storage 171
Accommodation and food services 251
Information and communication 24
Financial and insurance activities 46
Real estate activities 1
Professional, scientific and technical activities 87
Administrative and support service activities 39
Public administration and defense; compulsory social security 292
Education 284
Human health and social work activities 143
Arts, entertainment and recreation 50
Other service activities 74
Individual agricultural workers 963
Total 3,579

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
  2. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
  3. ^ Heroic themes of the Trojan War cycle in Roman funerary art example of a relief from Pincum. Balcanica, (37), 25-45.
  4. ^ "ETHNICITY Data by municipalities and cities" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 28 December 2019.
  5. ^ "Monthly and annual means, maximum and minimum values of meteorological elements for the period 1981 - 2010" (in Serbian). Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia. Retrieved March 18, 2017.
  6. ^ "MUNICIPALITIES AND REGIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA, 2019" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. 25 December 2019. Retrieved 28 December 2019.

External links[edit]