Centre of the town from north with the two synagogues and the church
|Etymology: "Large between the rivers"|
|Nickname(s): Velmez, Medřič|
|• Mayor||Josef Komínek|
|• Total||40.66 km2 (15.70 sq mi)|
|• Total||11 543|
|Postal code||594 01 to 594 41|
Velké Meziříčí (Czech pronunciation: [ˈvɛlkɛː ˈmɛzɪr̝iːtʃiː]; German: Groß Meseritsch) is a town in the Vysočina Region, Czech Republic. It is situated under the original Gothic castle in a valley framed by the hills of the Bohemian-Moravian Highlands.
The first written records of the town come from the 12th century. The settlement obtained full town privileges in 1408 - the celebrations of the 600th anniversary of this event took place in 2008, including the publishing of a representative book; the rights were approved by the king of Bohemia Václav IV. in 1417. The historical centre was designated as conserved zone of sights where the castle (formerly a stronghold from the 12th century, which is very well preserved, and hosts, among other, The Museum of Roads and Highways), the Gothic St. Nicolas Church, an originally Gothic City Hall, the Renaissance Lutheran Grammar School, two Jewish Synagogues and partly preserved city walls with a gate are the most significant buildings. An independent Jewish community had been living in the city since the 17th century – a well-preserved Jewish graveyard with Baroque tombstones comes from the 17th century.
Until 1918, Groß Meseritsch - Velke Meziříčí (German name only before 1867) was part of the Austrian monarchy (Austria side after the compromise of 1867), head of the district with the same name, one of the 34 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in Moravia.
- Mr Vokoun
- Tzvi Ashkenazi
- Leopold Hilsner, a Jewish man who became a victim of the false charge & pogrom Hilsner Affair
- Ludwig Minkus
- Arnold Pick
- Isaac Hirsch Weiss
- Nathan Weiss
- Stanislav Vodička, literary author
- Vaclav Bařtipán, sculptor, artist, professor. During World War I, he was imprisoned in Russia. He entered the legions.
- Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm KLEIN, 1967
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