Vellore district

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Vellore district
District ( Chennai )
Vellore Fort
Nickname(s): 
temple city
Location in Tamil Nadu India
Location in Tamil Nadu India
Coordinates: 12°54′40″N 79°8′10″E / 12.91111°N 79.13611°E / 12.91111; 79.13611Coordinates: 12°54′40″N 79°8′10″E / 12.91111°N 79.13611°E / 12.91111; 79.13611
Country India
StateTamil Nadu
RegionVellore
Established1996
HeadquartersVellore
TalukasVellore, Pallikonda, Katpadi, Vaniyambadi, Ambur, Arakkonam, Arcot, Gudiyatham, Pernambut Tirupattur, Natrampalli and Walajah Nemili
Government
 • Collector & District MagistrateS A Raman IAS
 • Superintendent of PolicePagalavan IPS
Area
 • Total5,920.18 km2 (2,285.79 sq mi)
Population
(2011)[2]
 • Total3,936,331
 • Density660/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialTamil
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone code0416
Vehicle registrationTN-23, TN-73, TN-83
Coastline0 kilometres (0 mi)
Largest cityVellore
Sex ratioM-50.06%/F-49.94% /
Literacy79.65%
Legislature typeelected
Legislature Strength13
Lok Sabha constituencyVellore, Arakkonam
Precipitation917 millimetres (36.1 in)
Avg. summer temperature39.5 °C (103.1 °F)
Avg. winter temperature15.6 °C (60.1 °F)
WebsiteDistrict

Vellore district is part of Thondaimandalam (Tondai Nadu), and one of the 33 districts in the Tamil Nadu state of India. It is one of the six districts that form the North region of Tamil Nadu. It is one of the biggest district in Tamil Nadu. Vellore City is the headquarters of this district. As of 2011, the district had a population of 3,936,331 with a sex ratio of 1,007 females for every 1,000 males.

The Government of India recently included Vellore city into prestigious smart City project along with 26 more cities.[3]

History[edit]

Men from the Vellore District fought in the British India Army and sacrificed their lives in the World Wars. This is recorded in the clock tower in the long bazaar at Vellore, raised in 1920, where an inscription reads "Vellore - From this Village 277 men went to the Great war 1914-18, of them 14 gave up their lives".[4]

On 30 September 1989 the district was again split into Tiruvannamalai-Sambuvarayar (present-day Tiruvannamalai) and North Arcot Ambedkar districts.[citation needed] North Arcot Ambedkar District was renamed Vellore District in 1996.[citation needed]

Demographics[edit]

Farmers harvesting paddy near Vellore

According to 2011 census, Vellore district had a population of 3,936,331 with a sex ratio of 1,007 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929.[5] A total of 432,550 were under the age of six, constituting 222,460 males and 210,090 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 21.85% and 1.85% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the district was 70.47%, compared to the national average of 72.99%.[5]

The district had 929,281 households. There were 1,689,330 workers, comprising 153,211 cultivators, 254,999 main agricultural labourers, 106,906 in household industries, 845,069 other workers, 329,145 marginal workers, 21,897 marginal cultivators, 136,956 marginal agricultural labourers, 29,509 marginal workers in household industries and 140,783 other marginal workers.[6]

Administration and politics[edit]

Vellore District Collectorate
Vellore District Collectorate

Vellore is one of the 32 districts of Tamil Nadu and is administered by the Vellore District Collectorate. The present collector of Vellore district S A Raman.[7]

Transportation[edit]

Two National Highways — NH 4 (Mumbai - Chennai) and NH 46 (Krishnagiri - Ranipet) — connect parts of the district to other parts of the country. NH 46 passes through Vaniyambadi, Ambur, Pallikonda, Vellore and Arcot before joining NH 4 at Ranipet.

These highways are important connecting roads for vehicles especially travelling to Chennai from Bangalore and Coimbatore. These highways run for 226 km (140 mi) in the district. Other important roadways present are State Highways of 629 km (391 mi) and district roads of 1,947 km (1,210 mi).

Railway network in Vellore comes under the Southern Railways, with Vellore (Katpadi), Arakkonam and Jolarpettai forming the major railway junctions. There are 28 railway stations and 152 km (94 mi) of rail tracks. There is a domestic airport which is not in use; the nearest international/domestic airport at Chennai.[citation needed]

Tourism[edit]

The Vellore Fort is the primary tourist attraction in the district headquarters Vellore. Vellore Fort is the most prominent landmark. During British rule, Tipu Sultan's family and the last king of Sri Lanka, Vikrama Rajasinha, were held as royal prisoners in the fort. It houses a church, a mosque and a Hindu temple, the latter known for its carvings. The first rebellion against British rule erupted at this fort in 1806, and it witnessed the massacre of the Vijayanagara royal family of Emperor Sriranga Raya.[8]

The golden temple of Sripuram (Tamil: ஸ்ரீபுரம்) is a spiritual park situated at the foot of a small range of green hills in a place known as "Malaikodi". The temple is between Vellore-Odugathur state highway and at the southern end of the city of Vellore, at Tirumalaikodi. The temple with gold covering, has intricate work done by artisans specializing in temple art using gold.[9]

Yelagiri is a hill station of the Vaniyambadi-Tirupattur road[10] at an altitude of 1,410.6 metres above mean sea level and spread across 30 km2.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Vellore District | Fort City, a Leading Leather Exporter in India". www.vellore.nic.in.
  2. ^ "2011 Census of India" (Excel). Indian government. 16 April 2011.
  3. ^ Reporter, Staff (2016-09-20). "Varanasi, Madurai on latest list of Smart Cities". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2016-09-29.
  4. ^ "Historical Importance of Vellore District". Vellore - The Fort City. Government of Tamil Nadu. Retrieved 19 August 2015.
  5. ^ a b "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  6. ^ "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Vellore district". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  7. ^ Reporter, Staff (1 August 2016). "New Collector assumes charge" – via www.thehindu.com.
  8. ^ "Vellore sepoys rebelled". The Hindu. 6 August 2006. Retrieved 2013-07-07.
  9. ^ "Golden Temple at Vellore". The Hindu. August 2007.
  10. ^ "Miles to go for Yelagiri Hills as a tourist spot". The Hindu. 25 May 2008. Retrieved 07-04-2009. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)

External links[edit]