|Rani Velu Nachiyar|
|Queen of Sivagangai|
Princess of Ramanathapuram
Velu Nachchiyar on a 2008 stamp of India
|Reign||c. 1780-c. 1790|
|Born||3 January 1730|
Ramanathapuram, Tamil Nadu, India
|Died||25 December 1796 (aged 66)|
Sivaganga, Tamil Nadu, India
|Burial||25 December 1796|
Sivaganga, Tamil Nadu, India
|Father||Chellamuthu vijayaragunatha Sethupathy|
Rani Velu Nachiyar (3 January 1730 – 25 December 1796) was a queen of Sivaganga estate from c. 1780–1790. She was the first Indian queen to wage war with the East India Company in India. She is known by Tamils as Veeramangai ("brave woman").
Nachiyar was trained in war match weapons usage, martial arts like Valari, Silambam, horse riding and archery. She was a scholar in many languages and she had proficiency with languages like French, English and Urdu. She married the king of Sivagangai, with whom she had a daughter. When her husband, MuthuvaduganathaperiyaUdaiya Thevar, was killed in a battle with EIC soldiers and the son of the Nawab of Arcot, she was drawn into the conflict. She escaped the battlefield with her daughter.
During this period, she formed an army and sought an alliance with Hyder Ali with the aim of launching a campaign against the East India Company in 1780. When Velu Nachiyar found the place where the EIC stored some their ammunition, she arranged a suicide attack on the location, blowing it up. Nachiyar reinherited the kingdom of her husband, and ruled it for ten more years. In 1790, the throne was inherited by her daughter Vellacci. She granted powers to her daughter with the Marudu brothers to help with the administration of the kingdom in 1780. Velu Nachiyar died a few years later, on 25 December 1796.
On 31 December 2008, a commemorative postage stamp in her name was released.
OVM Dance Academy of Chennai presenting "VELU NACHIYAR" a Grand Dance Ballet on Sivaganga Queen.
On 21 August 2017, a grand dance ballet was conducted in Naradha Gana Sabha in Chennai depicting the life history of the queen Velu Nachiyar. The play was directed by Sriram Sharma, who researched on the Queen's life history for almost a decade.
- Puli Thevar
- Indian independence movement
- Indian independence activists
- Vellore mutiny of 1806
- Suicide Attack
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