Veluws dialect

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Veluws
Veluws
Native to Netherlands
Native speakers
(no estimate available)[1]
Official status
Official language in

 Netherlands

Recognized in 1996 (as being part of Low Saxonian).[2]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 vel
Glottolog velu1238[3]
{{{mapalt}}}
Geographical location of Veluws (colour: light green) among the other minority and regional languages and dialects of the Benelux countries

Veluws is a Dutch Low Saxon dialect which is spoken on the Veluwe.

Geographic distribution[edit]

Veluws is spoken in the Central Netherlands, in the Northwest of Gelderland.

Official status[edit]

The language was recognized by the government of the Netherlands in 1996 (as being part of Low Saxonian).[4]

Dialects[edit]

Frans Nieuwenhuis (born 1936) sings in Veluws dialect.

Veluws is usually divided into two main dialects, West-Veluws (West Veluws) and Oost-Veluws (East Veluws), these two dialects are reasonably similar but differ in grammar. For example: in Oost-Veluws they say ie warkt/wärkt (you are working) and in West-Veluws jie warken/waarken (you are working).

Lexical similarities[edit]

West-Veluws is also more influenced by Dutch. The closer one gets to the border with Oost-Veluws, the more the dialects differ from Standard Dutch. For example in the central part where West-Veluws is spoken they say hie staot, in the North Western part they say hij steet compared to hij/hee stiet (he is standing) in Oost-Veluws, this already has a more Low Saxon influence. Hattem, the North Eastern part where Oost-Veluws is spoken has a heavy Sallandic influence.

Classification[edit]

It is not well defined what constitutes a language versus a dialect, but Veluws is generally considered to be a dialect of Low Saxon, classified Indo-European, Germanic, West, Low Saxon-Low Franconian, Low Saxon.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Veluws at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ http://archive.ethnologue.com/16/show_language.asp?code=vel
  3. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Veluws". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  4. ^ http://archive.ethnologue.com/16/show_language.asp?code=vel
  5. ^ http://archive.ethnologue.com/16/show_language.asp?code=vel