A velvet painting is a type of painting distinguished by the use of velvet (usually black velvet) as the support, in place of canvas, paper, or similar materials. The velvet provides an especially dark background against which colors stand out brightly.
Black velvet paintings originated in ancient[when?] Kashmir, the homeland of the fabric. These original paintings were generally religious and portrayed the icons of the Caucasus region which were painted by Russian Orthodox priests. Marco Polo and others introduced black velvet paintings to Western Europe, and some of these early works still hang in the Vatican Museums.
The paintings are widely sold in rural America, and frequently have kitsch themes. They often depict images of Elvis Presley (see Velvet Elvis), Dale Earnhardt, John Wayne, Jesus, Native Americans, dogs playing poker, wolves, and cowboys, and the colors are often bright and vivid to contrast the dark velvet. They can also include more exotic or avant-garde themes.
Ciudad Juárez, Mexico was a center of velvet painting in the 1970s. A displaced Georgia farmboy, Doyle Harden, was the pioneer who created an enormous factory, where velvets were turned out by the thousands by artists sitting in studios. One artist would paint one piece of the picture, then slide the velvet along to the next artist, who would add something else. Velvet paintings mass-produced by hand in this manner fueled the boom in velvet paintings in the 1970s in the United States. Edgar Leeteg has been called "the father of American black velvet kitsch".
In Portland, Oregon, a museum devoted solely to velvet paintings, the Velveteria, operated from late 2005 to January 2010. It reopened in December of 2013 in the Chinatown neighborhood of Los Angeles, Calif.
- Nina C. Ayoub (March 6, 2011) "Tacky or Terrific? The Art of Experience", Chronicle of Higher Education, 
- Hix, Lisa (December 4, 2013). "Velvet Underdogs: In Praise of the Paintings the Art World Loves to Hate". Collectors Weekly. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
- Quinones, Sam (2007). Antonio's Gun and Delfino's Dream: True Tales of Mexican Migration. University of New Mexico Press. ISBN 978-0-8263-4254-6.
- Liflander, Pamela (2003-06-03). Black Velvet Artist. Running Press Miniature Editions. ISBN 0-7624-1478-2.
- Turnquist, Kristi (January 4, 2010). "It's curtains for the Velveteria velvet painting museum". The Oregonian (Portland, Oregon). ISSN 8750-1317. Retrieved July 19, 2012.
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- Eric A. Eliason, Black Velvet Art Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2011. with photographs by Scott Squire. ISBN 978-1-60473-794-3
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