Location of Sorochinskiy Fair
|Population (Ukrainian Census, 2001)|
|Area code(s)||+380 5355|
Velyki Sorochyntsi (Ukrainian: Великі Сорочинці, Russian: Вели́кие Соро́чинцы or Больши́е Соро́чинцы, translit. Velikiye Sorochintsy or Bol'shiye Sorochintsy; formerly referred to simply as Sorochyntsi) is a village in Myrhorod Raion of Poltava Oblast (province), central Ukraine, formerly a town. It can be translated as the Grand Sorochyntsi. The village is located in the Myrhorod Raion (district) of the oblast, and is famous as both the birthplace of the great writer Nikolai Gogol (April 1 [O.S. March 20] 1809) and the location of the Sorochyntsi Fair. In 1925–31 the town was called Neronovychi after the Bolshevik activist Yevhen Neronovych, who was executed by Ukrainian military forces in the town in 1918.
The name of the village came either from the Slavic word Soroka (magpie) or Sorochka (shirt). There are many legends explaining the name of the village as the location of the Magpie's kingdom or of some magical shirt.
The earliest recorded mention of the settlement (sloboda) is in the 1620s. In 1646, the sloboda became the domain of a Polish Prince from the Wiśniowiecki family. By the end of the 17th and beginning of the 18th centuries, the sloboda was the location of a Cossack district (sotnia) government. Born here, the future Hetman of Zaporizhian Host Danylo Apostol in 1670 founded the Sorochynski Mikhailovsky Monastery. He went on to build the Ukrainian Baroque Church of the Transfiguration (Ukrainian: Преображенська церква, translit. Preobrazhens'ka tsekrva) in 1732, also in Sorochyntsi, where he was buried two years later. Nikolai Gogol was later baptized in this same church.
Since the middle of the 18th century, the large Sorochyntsi Fair (Ukrainian: Національний Сорочинський ярмарок, translit. Natsiolnal'nyi Sorochyns'kyi yarmarok, Russian: Сорочинcкaя яpмaркa, translit. Sorochinskaya yarmarka) has been held in Velyki Sorochyntsi. Recurring five times a year in the time of the Russian Empire, the fair is now held annually since its revival after a 40-year moratorium during Soviet rule. Since the Presidential Decree of August 18, 1999, the fair bears the status of the National trade fair. The fair is a large showcase for traditional handicrafts made by skilled craftsmen, including Reshetilivka embroidery, rugs, Opishnya ceramics, as well theatrical performers who re-enact scenes of village life from famous Ukrainian stories.
On August 23, 1911, a monument to Nikolai Gogol (by the sculptor Ilya Ginzburg) was installed in the village. There is also the Gogol Memorial Museum in the village. In 1983, the Soviet Union issued a postage stamp showing the monument and the museum.
In 1845, Ukrainian poet Taras Shevchenko visited the village for the archeological commission, compiling the history and architecture of Poltavshchyna. There has been a street named in his honor in this village for over a half a century.
Once being categorized as a town the village is also a birthplace of other notable Ukrainians such as Hetman Danylo Apostol, writer Volodymyr Samiylenko, and many others.
- "Velyki Sorochyntsi". World Gazetteer. Archived from the original on February 9, 2013.
- "кoляди". August 9, 1999.
- http://www.ukraine-eu.mfa.gov.ua/eu/ua/publication/content/4225.htm Archived September 29, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- Sorochyntsi at the Verkhovna Rada website.
- "Division of population by native language, Poltava region (in % to total population)" (in Ukrainian). Archived from the original on 2013-06-23. Retrieved 2013-03-30.