Venera 3

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Venera 3
1966 CPA 3379.jpg
Mission type Venus atmospheric probe
Operator OKB-1
COSPAR ID 1965-092A
SATCAT № 1733
Mission duration 105 days
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft 3MV-3 No.1
Manufacturer Lavochkin
Launch mass 960 kilograms (2,120 lb)
Landing mass 377 kg (831 lb)
Start of mission
Launch date 16 November 1965, 04:19 (1965-11-16UTC04:19Z) UTC
Rocket Molniya
Launch site Baikonur 31/6
Orbital parameters
Reference system Heliocentric
Venus impact (failed landing)
Impact date 1 March 1966
Impact site 20°N 80°E / 20°N 80°E / 20; 80

Venera 3 (Russian: Венера-3 meaning Venus 3) (Manufacturer's Designation: 3MV-3) was a Venera program space probe that was built and launched by the Soviet Union to explore the surface of Venus. It was launched on 16 November 1965 at 04:19 UTC from Baikonur, Kazakhstan.


The mission of this spacecraft was to land on the Venusian surface. The entry body contained a radio communication system, scientific instruments, electrical power sources, and medallions bearing the Coat of Arms of the Soviet Union.

The probe possibly crash-landed on Venus on 1 March 1966, making Venera 3 the first spacecraft to impact on the surface of another planet. However, its communications systems failed before it reached the planet.[1][2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ David Leverington (2000). New cosmic horizons. Cambridge University Press. p. 74. ISBN 0-521-65833-0. 
  2. ^ "Venera 3". NASA.