|Mission type||Venus atmospheric probe|
|Mission duration||105 days|
|Launch mass||960 kilograms (2,120 lb)|
|Landing mass||377 kg (831 lb)|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||16 November 1965, 04:19UTC|
|Launch site||Baikonur 31/6|
|Venus impact (failed landing)|
|Impact date||1 March 1966|
Venera 3 (Russian: Венера-3 meaning Venus 3) (Manufacturer's Designation: 3MV-3) was a Venera program space probe that was built and launched by the Soviet Union to explore the surface of Venus. It was launched on 16 November 1965 at 04:19 UTC from Baikonur, Kazakhstan.
The mission of this spacecraft was to land on the Venusian surface. The entry body contained a radio communication system, scientific instruments, electrical power sources, and medallions bearing the Coat of Arms of the Soviet Union.
The probe possibly crash-landed on Venus on 1 March 1966, making Venera 3 the first spacecraft to impact on the surface of another planet. However, its communications systems failed before it reached the planet.
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