Venetian Independence

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Venetian Independence

Indipendenza Veneta
SpokespersonJuri De Luca
First CoordinatorBarbara Rossetto
Founded12 May 2012
Split fromVeneto State
HeadquartersVia Moro 4
Pieve di Soligo (TV)
Newspapernone
Membership (2015)2,900
IdeologyVenetian nationalism
Separatism
Liberalism
Colours     yellow
Website
www.indipendenzaveneta.com

Venetian Independence (Italian: Indipendenza Veneta, Venetian: Independensa Vèneta, IV) is a Venetist, liberal and, to some extent, libertarian political party active in Veneto. The party seeks to achieve full political independence for the former territories of the Venetian Republic from Italy through a referendum. IV, which functions also as an advocacy group, counts a handful of municipal councillors and has not been represented yet in the Regional Council of Veneto.

The party was formed in May 2012 as a split from Veneto State (VS) and several members of IV are former affiliates of the Venetian National Party (PNV). The party's most recognisable member is Alessio Morosin (a former regional councillor of the LV–LN), but its formal leaders have been Michele Favero, Massimo Vidori and now Juri De Luca.

History[edit]

Background and foundation[edit]

In September 2010 a joint Venetist-separatist party named Veneto State (VS) was formed mainly by the merger of the Venetian National Party (PNV) with the Party of the Venetians (PdV). Lodovico Pizzati, president of the PNV, was elected at the head of the new party. In less than a year, however, the two groups became more and more uncomfortable with each other[1][2] and, at a congress in October 2011, Pizzati was replaced by Antonio Guadagnini by a slim majority.[3][4][5]

The liberal/libertarian wing led by Pizzati never fully recognized the new leadership and organized a new congress, which was boycotted by the party majority around Guadagnini and which elected Pizzati as secretary.[6][7] Since December 2011 VS was thus split in two different groups, both claiming to be the official party. In late March 2012 the tribunal of Venice endorsed the claims put forward by Guadagnini and his followers.[8][9] No agreement was reached among the two parties and in May they took part to municipal elections in their strongholds. Candidates from the Pizzati's wing ran with some success in Loreggia (7.2%), Susegana (10.4%), Silea (3.5%), Conegliano (2.0%), Casale sul Sile (2.2%), Santa Maria di Sala (4.7%), and Mirano (1.6%). In Susegana Davide Pozzobon was elected to the city council.[10]

Venetian Independence (IV) was officially founded on 12 May 2012 in Treviso. During the founding congress, Lodovico Pizzati was elected secretary, along with president Luca Azzano Cantarutti (who narrowly beat Gianluca Busato) and honorary president Alessio Morosin.[11][12][13]

Referendum campaign[edit]

During the first months of 2012 IV activists, while being still members of VS, collected more than 20,000 signatures in support for a referendum on independence. On 22 May they presented the signatures to the President of Veneto, Luca Zaia.[14][15] Zaia informed the Regional Council and its President Clodovaldo Ruffato asked an opinion to the legal office,[16] which explained that such a referendum was not legal under the Constitution of Italy.[17]

On 6 October IV organized a march in Venice, during which it proposed a resolution for a consultative referendum on independence to be approved by the Regional Council: the text of the resolution was given to Giovanni Furlanetto, a regional councillor of the LV–LN, who supported the proposition.[18][19][20] Another Council member, Mariangelo Foggiato of North-East Union (UNE), officially presented the resolution in the Council.[21][22] On 17 October a total of 42 regional councillors out of 60 officially asked a discussion on the issue.[23][24][25][26] IV thus obtained national[24][27] and international attention.[18][23][28][29][30][31][32]

On 28 November the Council approved the resolution, in which "independence" was replaced by "self-determination", with 29 votes in favour, 2 against and 5 abstentions. Those in favour included Foggiato, the entire group of the LV–LN, most councillors of The People of Freedom, Pietrangelo Pettenò of the Communist Refoundation Party, Diego Bottacin of Toward North and independent Sandro Sandri, who had expounded the resolution at the start of the session, while the entire group of the Democratic Party left the floor in protest, but proclaimed their support for a special statute for Veneto.[33][34][35] IV member rejoiced.[36]

After a hunger strike by two members of IV, on 18 March 2013 Zaia and Ruffato implemented the first step mandated by resolution 44, by appointing the special commission of jurists who would examine the issue from a legal point of view. The commission was composed of six experts, including IV's Cantarutti.[37][38]

In April 2013 Stefano Valdegamberi, a regional councillor of the Union of the Centre and later of Popular Future, introduced a bill (342/2013) in order to call a referendum on independence by the end of the year.[39][40][41][42][43] By 7 June the bill was endorsed by more than 15 regional councillors, sufficient to convene a special session of the Council on the issue.[44][45] Also several municipal councils endorsed the bill.[46]

2013 general and local elections[edit]

The party took part to the 2013 general election and garnered 1.1% of the regional vote, and 2.0% in the province of Treviso. IV's support was concentrated in the border areas between the provinces of Treviso and Padua, where it obtained its best results (Villa del Conte 10.6%, Vedelago 9.4%, Campo San Martino 8.4%, etc.).[47][48][49]

In the 2013 municipal election the party focused especially on Treviso, where IV's Alessia Bellon won a mere 2.1% of the vote. The party had much better results in Vedelago (17.9%), Nervesa della Battaglia (8.2%), San Stino di Livenza (4.1%) and Lazise (3.9%). Most strikingly, in Vedelago Cristina Andretta, The People of Freedom's deputy mayor who had switched to IV, was elected mayor by a landslide 65.6%.[50] Andretta's candidacy had caused a rift between Pizzati, who opposed her alliance with a tricoloured civic list and cut party's funds for her campaign, and Cantarutti, who supported it,[51] but her election was finally saluted by Pizzati.[52][53]

Plebiscite 2013 vs. Let Veneto Decide[edit]

In June 2013, having reconciled with Veneto State (VS),[54] Pizzati formed a joint separatist cartel with Stefano Valdegamberi, VS leader Guadagnini, Fabrizio Comencini of Liga Veneta Repubblica (LVR), other Venetist groups, associations and individuals.[55] Subsequently, on 7 July, Pizzati launched Plebiscite 2013 (P2013), a cross-party nonpartisan committee for the referendum, which was endorsed by politicians, intellectuals and professionals.[56][57][58]

The birth of P2013 caused a rift within IV: the party's historical bulk (Bernardini, Busato, etc.) sided with Pizzati, while others, led by president Cantarutti, who, in recent times, had frictions with Pizzati on several issues and finally blocked Pizzati's request of "extraordinary powers" during a special party congress on 30 June, severely criticized it.[59][60] Honorary president Morosin, who had initially joined P2013, backtracked, remained equidistant from the two factions[61] and eventually sided with Cantarutti's.[62] For his part, Bernardini explained that he supported both IV, of which Pizzati was still secretary, and P2013: the former was a separatist party, while the latter was intended to be a broader committee for the referendum, including people of different parties and also individuals opposed to independence but in favour of the right of Venetians to decide.[63] However, by early August the two factions seemed irreconciliable:[64] the one led by Pizzati and Busato operated only through P2013, while that of Cantarutti and Morosin launched a new website, formed an alternative referendum committee (Let Veneto Decide) and declared that anyone had joined P2013 was incompatible with IV.[65] In late August the steering committee of IV, in absence of Pizzati, asked the secretary, Busato and other members of their faction to resign from the party,[66] but the deliberation was suspended by Pizzati.[67] A few days later the committee declared that Pizzati was no longer secretary, after more than 2/3 of local coordinators had voted a motion of no confidence against him.[68][69] Giuliomaria Turco was chosen as Pizzati's successor.

Let Veneto Decide, which was officially endorsed also by Valdegamberi, VS, LVR, Raixe Venete, Veneto First, Independentist Youth, other Venetist groups and individuals,[70][71] was launched on 4 September 2013 in Vedelago, at the presence of Carlo Lottieri of Lombard Committee for Resolution 44, MEP Mara Bizzotto of Liga Veneta–Lega Nord and Jordi Fornas i Prat of Catalan Solidarity for Independence.[72][73] IV soon lost interest in the coalition, which would eventually become Independence We Veneto.

2015 regional election and next years[edit]

In January 2014 another internal struggle resulted in a radical change of the party's constitution and the marginalisation of Cantarutti, to Morosin's advantage.[74][75][76] Subsequently, Cantarutti and a group of followers abandoned IV and launched Independent Venetians (VI).[77] IV decided not to participate in the 2014 European Parliament and local elections.[78] For the EP election the party however endorsed some candidates due to their support of the independence referendum.[79][80]

In the run-up of the 2015 regional election it was announced that Morosin would stand as IV's candidate for President[81] and that the party had signed a political pact with Chiavegato for Independence,[82] a group led by Lucio Chiavegato, in his support.[83][84] Among the leading candidates fielded by the party, Fabio Padovan, founder of the European Federalist Free Entrepreneurs, former deputy of the LV–LN and candidate for President with the Fronte Marco Polo in 2000, stood out.[85][86][87] Despite these good candidates, the party was overshadowed by Independence We Veneto and won 2.5% of the vote, not enough to send any IV member to the Council.

In March 2016 the party held a congress and elected Massimo Vidori as its new first counselor.[88] In the 2017 local elections, the party fielded lists only in a few places, including Santa Maria di Sala (11.1%),[89] Jesolo (4.2%),[90] Mirano (1.4%),[91] and Thiene (1.4%).[92] In October 2017, while campaigning hard for the successful autonomy referendum, the party elected as its leader Juri De Luca, whose title was re-named from first counselor to spokesperson.[93]

In the 2018 municipal election in Vedelago, a traditional stronghold, IV won 13.8% in joint list with the LVR and in alliance with the LV–LN,[94] while in much more populous Treviso Silvia Nizzetto, IV's deputy spokesperson, stood as candidate in Mario Conte's personal list (Conte was the LV–LN's candidate for mayor),[95][96] was subsequently elected to the municipal council[97] and was consequently appointed by elected mayor Conte as municipal minister for Education, Sport and Participation.[98]

In July 2018 IV signed a political pact with We Are Veneto (SV), Guadagnini's new party.[99][100] The pact was confirmed for the 2019 local elections.[101][102]

Electoral results[edit]

Regional elections[edit]

Votes % Seats
2015 Regional Council of Veneto 55,760 2.5 -

General elections[edit]

Votes % Seats
2013 Chamber of Deputies 33,274 1.2 -
Senate of the Republic 29,696 1.1 -

Symbols[edit]

Leadership[edit]

Current leadership roles[edit]

Former leadership roles[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dal Veneto con furore, alla conquista dell’indipendenza – Linkiesta.it
  2. ^ Passaggio a Nord-Est (13) – Una domenica da leoni | Cronache dal nord Italia
  3. ^ Veneto Stato Guadagnini è il segretario – Cronaca – Tribuna di Treviso
  4. ^ http://venetostato.info/blog/2011/10/24/ecco-i-nuovi-organi-di-veneto-stato/
  5. ^ Plebiscito | Veneto Stato .com appoggia PLEBISCITO2013.EU
  6. ^ http://www.pnveneto.org/2011/12/veneto-stato-riprende-a-volare-con-alessia-bellon-presidente-e-lodovico-pizzati-segretario/
  7. ^ http://www.venetostato.com/2011/12/veneto-stato-il-maggior-consiglio-a-venezia-elegge-il-nuovo-presidente-alessia-bellon-e-il-segretario-lodovico-pizzati/
  8. ^ http://www.lindipendenza.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/SENTENZAVS.pdf
  9. ^ http://www.lindipendenza.com/venetostatoguadagnini/
  10. ^ http://www.venetostato.com/2012/05/eletto-il-primo-consigliere-per-lindipendenza-veneta/
  11. ^ Nasce Indipendenza Veneta: Ora è Il Nome Di Un Movimento, A Breve Sarà La Realtà | Indipendenza Veneta
  12. ^ Pizzati è eletto segretario di Indipendenza veneta – Regione – Il Mattino di Padova
  13. ^ Congresso Indipendenza Veneta: Pizzati segretario
  14. ^ "Veneto: Consegnate Alla Regione Le Firme Per Referendum". L'Indipendenza Nuova. Archived from the original on 2013-03-13. Retrieved 2012-09-30.
  15. ^ Indipendenza Veneta, presentate a Zaia 20.000 firme per referendum » VicenzaPiù
  16. ^ Referendum per l’indipendenza del Veneto, Zaia chiede un parere – Cronaca – Corriere delle Alpi
  17. ^ Bocciata l’ipotesi di referendum sull’indipendenza del Veneto – Cronaca – Il Mattino di Padova
  18. ^ a b Mass rally in Venice to call for independence from Italy – Telegraph
  19. ^ Un migliaio di persone in corteo sfila per l'indipendenza del Veneto – Corriere del Veneto
  20. ^ Un migliaio in corteo a Venezia per l’indipendenza – Regione – Il Mattino di Padova
  21. ^ Veneto: Foggiato (Une), referendum per autodeterminazione della Regione – Ultim'ora – Libero Quotidiano
  22. ^ Consiglio Regionale Veneto – Progetti di legge e proposte
  23. ^ a b Venice calls for freedom | World | News | Daily Express
  24. ^ a b Camera dei deputati
  25. ^ Il Giornale di Vicenza – Home – Veneto
  26. ^ Il Gazzettino.it
  27. ^ Veneto: la nostra Catalogna? – il Blog di Carlo Lottieri
  28. ^ The Return Of The Glorious Venetian Republic? Yet Another Separatist Movement In Europe
  29. ^ Euro crisis fosters secession, not solidarity – MarketWatch
  30. ^ http://indipendenzaveneta.net/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/Nueva-Rep%C3%BAblica-V%C3%A9neta-EP.jpg
  31. ^ El Véneto se fija en Catalunya
  32. ^ Venecia también quiere ser independiente... y lo pide en góndola
  33. ^ Consiglio Regionale Veneto – Sala stampa
  34. ^ Il Veneto chiede un referendum ma non parla più d’indipendenza – Corriere del Veneto
  35. ^ Il Gazzettino.it
  36. ^ Indipendenza Veneta: Consiglio Regionale Dice Sì All’Autodeterminazione | Indipendenza Veneta
  37. ^ "Commissione per l'ndipendenza convocata dalla regione Veneto". L'Indipendenza Nuova. Archived from the original on 2014-01-04. Retrieved 2013-03-19.
  38. ^ Referendum sull'indipendenza del Veneto, arriva la commissione tecnica
  39. ^ Consiglio Regionale Veneto – Sala stampa
  40. ^ Progetto Di Legge 342 | Indipendenza Veneta
  41. ^ Valdegamberi E Lanzarin Sull’indipendenza Del Veneto | Indipendenza Veneta
  42. ^ Venezie Post
  43. ^ Valdegamberi Protocolla Progetto Indipendentista | Indipendenza Veneta
  44. ^ Consiglio straordinario bis per l’indipendenza veneta – Corriere del Veneto
  45. ^ IL CONSIGLIO STRAORDINARIO SI FARA’ IL 27 GIUGNO | Indipendenza Veneta
  46. ^ Legge referendaria per l’indipendenza del Veneto | Plebiscito2013
  47. ^ Risultati politiche 2013
  48. ^ Indipendenza Veneta: Il Potenziale C’è, Ora Bisogna Crescere | Indipendenza Veneta
  49. ^ Indipendenza Veneta Compie Oggi 9 Mesi E Il Consenso Si Espande Già A Macchia D’olio | Indipendenza Veneta
  50. ^ [Scrutini] Comunali – Elezioni del 15 novembre 2015 (ballottaggio) – Ministero dell'Interno
  51. ^ Indipendenza Veneta si spacca su Vedelago Il presidente ricuce – la tribuna di Treviso
  52. ^ Indipendenza Veneta Raddoppia | Indipendenza Veneta
  53. ^ IV: Un Movimento Politico, Non Un Comitato Referendario | Indipendenza Veneta
  54. ^ Mestre, per l’Indipendenza i veneti provano a fare squadra | L'Indipendenza Nuova
  55. ^ Cartello indipendentista per il referendum – Regione – Il Mattino di Padova
  56. ^ Chi siamo | Plebiscito2013
  57. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-07-17. Retrieved 2014-03-23.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  58. ^ Referendum Veneto: raggiunte 20 firme per convocare il Consiglio regionale | L'Indipendenza Nuova
  59. ^ http://www.lindipendenza.com/referendum-veneto-corsa-rallentata-da-qualche-ostacolo-di-troppo/
  60. ^ Dietro la guerra degli indipendentisti c'è la guerra Tosi-Zaia – L'intraprendente | L'intraprendente
  61. ^ Alessio Morosin scrive a Plebiscito2013.eu | Plebiscito2013
  62. ^ Indipendenza Veneta movimento politico – Sito Ufficiale
  63. ^ Discernere vuol dire capire: IV e P2013 | Plebiscito2013
  64. ^ Indipendentisti O Poltronari? | Basta Italia
  65. ^ Indipendenza Veneta movimento politico – Sito Ufficiale
  66. ^ Indipendenza Veneta movimento politico – Sito Ufficiale
  67. ^ ORDINANZA DI SOSPENSIONE DELLE DELIBERE DEL CDN DEL 26 AGOSTO 2013 | Indipendenza Veneta
  68. ^ Indipendenza Veneta movimento politico – Sito Ufficiale
  69. ^ Indipendenza Veneta movimento politico – Sito Ufficiale
  70. ^ Una Fondazione per consultare i Veneti sull'autodeterminazione – INDIPENDENZA DEL VENETO Presentata l’iniziativa “Il Veneto decida” a sostegno del progetto di legge referendar...
  71. ^ http://www.veneto-stato.eu/il-veneto-decida/
  72. ^ "Il problema del Veneto è l'Italia: avanti tutta verso l'indipendenza". L'Indipendenza Nuova. Archived from the original on 2013-09-10. Retrieved 2013-09-14.
  73. ^ "Indipendenza Veneta movimento politico – Sito Ufficiale". Archived from the original on 2013-09-07. Retrieved 2014-02-26.
  74. ^ Rottura tra Morosin e Cantarutti, vittoria di Pirro per l’avvocato di Noale | PLEBISCITO 2013 | PNV. Press News Veneto
  75. ^ "Indipendenza Veneta si spacca, polemiche fra Cantarutti e Morosin". L'Indipendenza Nuova. Archived from the original on 2014-02-26. Retrieved 2014-01-30.
  76. ^ "La "maledizione" degli indipendentisti Veneti: che ne sarà del referendum?". L'Indipendenza Nuova. Archived from the original on 2014-02-01. Retrieved 2014-01-30.
  77. ^ E Salvini fece sua la lotta per l'indipendenza veneta – L'intraprendente | Lintraprendente.it
  78. ^ Indipendenza Veneta movimento politico – Sito Ufficiale
  79. ^ https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=231955980336751&set=a.146013615597655.1073741827.145265149005835&type=1
  80. ^ https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=231959967003019&set=a.146013615597655.1073741827.145265149005835&type=1
  81. ^ Indipendenza Veneta in lizza schiera il suo leader Morosin – Regione – Il Mattino di Padova
  82. ^ Chiavegato per l'Indipendenza – Home
  83. ^ Veneto, Chiavegato E Morosin Si Accordano In Vista Delle Regionali – Miglioverde
  84. ^ L'Arena – Territori – Est – Caldiero
  85. ^ La sfida di Indipendenza Veneta – Regione – Il Mattino di Padova
  86. ^ REGIONALI IN VENETO, INDIPENDENZA VENETA SCHIERA FABIO PADOVAN – Rischio Calcolato | Rischio Calcolato
  87. ^ Il ritorno di Padovan Si candida alle Regionali – la tribuna di Treviso
  88. ^ https://www.indipendenzaveneta.com/sito/images/Annunci/Verbale_CNIV_22_marzo_2016.pdf
  89. ^ http://www.repubblica.it/static/speciale/2017/elezioni/comunali/santa_maria_di_sala.html
  90. ^ http://www.repubblica.it/static/speciale/2017/elezioni/comunali/jesolo.html
  91. ^ http://www.repubblica.it/static/speciale/2017/elezioni/comunali/mirano.html
  92. ^ http://www.repubblica.it/static/speciale/2017/elezioni/comunali/thiene.html
  93. ^ https://www.facebook.com/IVindipendenzaveneta/photos/a.146013615597655.1073741827.145265149005835/707959659403045/?type=3&theater
  94. ^ https://www.corriere.it/elezioni-2018/risultati-comunali/vedelago_026089.shtml
  95. ^ http://www.trevisotoday.it/politica/indipendenza-veneta-mario-conte-elezioni-2018.html
  96. ^ http://www.oggitreviso.it/indipendenza-veneta-appoggia-candidato-conte-185451
  97. ^ https://corrieredelveneto.corriere.it/treviso/politica/18_giugno_12/preferenze-rosi-verticeflop-gli-ex-assessorisinistra-fuori-trecento-753feb08-6e1d-11e8-a2fe-f9950f7aac3a.shtml
  98. ^ http://www.trevisotoday.it/video/silvia-nizzetto-sport-comune-treviso-25-giugno-2018.html
  99. ^ https://www.ilgazzettino.it/pay/nordest_pay/elezioni_regionali_2020_guadagnini_e_morosin_uniscono_le_forze-3851450.html
  100. ^ http://www.larena.it/home/veneto/venetisti-alleati-firmato-un-nuovo-manifesto-1.6628986
  101. ^ http://www.siamoveneto.eu/comunali-2019
  102. ^ https://www.miglioverde.eu/indipendenza-veneta-e-siamo-veneto-alle-elezioni-comunali-2019-correremo-insieme

External links[edit]