2017 Venetian autonomy referendum
|Venetian autonomy referendum, 2017|
|Voting system||Simple majority|
|Do you want further forms and special conditions of autonomy to be attributed to the Region of Veneto?|
The poll was not binding, but it might have consequences in terms of negotiations between the Italian government and Veneto as the regional government declared that it would ask for more devolved powers whether the "yes" won. According to Mario Bertolissi, law professor and advisor to the regional government, the referendum would have "constituent power". Others considered it pointless while supporters of unitarianism in Italy counter-productive.
As expected, the "yes" vote did succeed. Turnout was 57.2% and 98.1% of participants voted "yes".
The referendum date was announced in April 2017 by President of Veneto Luca Zaia after decades of debates and efforts by supporters of Venetian nationalism, which rose to prominence in the 1980s–1990s. Both in 1992 and 2000, the Constitutional Court had rejected proposals for similar referenda brought forward by the Regional Council of Veneto.
Following that episode, the Region tried to hold an official one by voting a related bill. In June 2015, the Constitutional Court ruled the independence referendum out as contrary to the Constitution, but it authorised one of the five autonomy referenda proposed by the Region ("Do you want further forms and special conditions of autonomy to be attributed to the Region of Veneto?"). Lombardy, Italy's most populous region neighbouring to Veneto on the east, held a similar referendum on 22 October. Both Zaia and President of Lombardy Roberto Maroni were members of Lega Nord (LN) and more specifically of Liga Veneta and Lega Lombarda, respectively. The LN had always been a strong proponent of federal reform, but these referendums were supported also by the Five Star Movement, Forza Italia and more moderately the Democratic Party.
The Economist newspaper, which bet on the "yes" camp to prevail, also predicted that due to the perceived "anti-southern skew" of the vote the "national ambitions" of Matteo Salvini, LN federal secretary, would be negatively impacted by a resounding "yes" victory while Zaia could become the "future leader of the party". (However, Salvini not only remained party leader, but led the party to a success in the 2018 general election sand was sworn in as Deputy Prime Minister in Conte Cabinet.)
- Veneto and Lombardia to hold autonomy referendums in October
- Zaia: «Autonomia, non ci sono più alibi» (in Italian)
- A.V. (18 October 2017). "How two local referendums might affect Italy's future". The Economist.
- Zaia firma, veneti alle urne il 22 ottobre per il referendum sull’autonomia (in Italian)
- Zaia firma il decreto che indice il referendum per l'autonomia del Veneto (in Italian)
- Il voto sull’autonomia un test storico per il Veneto (in Italian)
- I referendum del Veneto per l’autonomia (e l’indipendenza). Non c’è due senza tre. Anche se… (in Italian)
- Indipendenza, no della Consulta (in Italian)
- Zaia, la Corte boccia l'indipendenza veneta (in Italian)
- Referendum autonomia, l'annuncio di Maroni: "Il 22 ottobre in Lombardia e Veneto". Sala e Pd: "Spesa inutile" (in Italian)