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Venetian-style shoes (venetian-style loafers) are mid-heel slippers with an upper or top part that is slightly open to the kick of the foot and the ankle bone. The venetian-style shoe and its lack of ornamentation contrasts with the loafer which may have slotted straps, vamps and even tassels. The term came from Great Britain.
Loafers are "slip-on shoes with a moccasin toe construction and slotted straps stitched across vamps". A loafer may even be "decorated with metal chains or tassels" (Drummond). A penny-loafer has a "tongue and strap".
By the 20th century, the slip-on loafers were common male footwear. During this period other popular shoes included low, laced oxfords in various leathers, ankle boots, and specialized sport shoes. During the 1950s, the loafer became fashionable.
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- "Drummond, Sharon, ed. History of Footwear. Vers. "Originally Written as Her Fourth Year Independent Study". Toronto's Ryerson University Theatre-Technical/Production Program as a Costuming Major. Accessed 27 February 2008. See Intro & Resources: Glossary.
- Jackson, Michael J. Et Al. United States of America. "United States Patent: Method and Means for Creating Anti-Gravity Illusion". U.S. Patent 5,255,452. 26 October 1993. Republished by Google Patents. Accessed 24 February 2008.
- OQLF. "Chausure montante." Def. Tige montante : Chaussure. Le Grand dictionnaire terminologique, Office de la langue française, 1989, (Research in French). Accessed 3 February 2008.
- OQLF. "Malléole." Def. Chaussure. Le Grand dictionnaire terminologique, Office de la langue française, 1989, (Research in French). Accessed 3 February 2008. (Note: ankle bone)