Capital District (Venezuela)

Coordinates: 10°28′23″N 66°59′44″W / 10.473056°N 66.995556°W / 10.473056; -66.995556
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Capital District
Location of Capital District
Coordinates: 10°28′23″N 66°59′44″W / 10.473056°N 66.995556°W / 10.473056; -66.995556
 • Head of Government of the Capital DistrictCarolina Cestari (PSUV)
 • Assembly delegation9
 • Total433 km2 (167 sq mi)
 • Total2,097,400
HDI (2019)0.757[2]
high · 1st

The Capital District (Spanish: Distrito Capital) is a federal district of Venezuela. It has an area of 433 km2 (167 sq mi) and there is only one administrative division (municipio), Libertador, which contains about half of Caracas, the Venezuelan capital city, which is also the seat of the three branches of the federal government of Venezuela. The population in 2004 was 2,073,768. The District borders on the states of Vargas and Miranda.


Formerly it had its own local government with a governor, but the constitutional reform of 1999 abolished the district government and created instead the Metropolitan District of Caracas, with jurisdiction over the territory of the District and also four adjacent municipios (Baruta, Chacao, el Hatillo and Sucre) in Miranda which all together form the city.

On 13 April 2009, the National Assembly passed a law creating the figure of a head of government for the district which would be designated by the President.[3] On 14 April 2009, Jacqueline Faría became the first Head of Government of the Capital District.[4] During the 2017 Venezuelan protests, General Antonio José Benavides Torres of the National Guard was appointed to be the Head of Government of the Capital District by disputed President Maduro.[5]



Race and ethnicity[edit]

According to the 2011 Census, the racial composition of the population was:[6]

Racial composition Population %
White 1,079,892 51.2
Mestizo 44.3
Black 69,602 3.3
Other races 1.2

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Venezuela: Federal States, Major Cities & Localities". City Population. Retrieved 2010-02-24.
  2. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". Retrieved 2021-07-31.
  3. ^ Official Gazette, 14 April 2009, (in Spanish) Official announcement[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ "The World of Supernatural Beings - Alternative Belief News". June 2015.
  5. ^ "Himno Nacional, Alma Llanera y sana PAZ sin órganos de represión: Marcha nocturna honró a los caídos en sede OEA". La Patilla (in European Spanish). 21 June 2017. Retrieved 22 June 2017.
  6. ^ "Resultado Básico del XIV Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda 2011 (Mayo 2014)" (PDF). p. 29. Retrieved 8 September 2015.

External links[edit]

Media related to Distrito Capital (Venezuela) at Wikimedia Commons