Venezuelan Professional Baseball League

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Venezuelan Professional Baseball League
Lvbp.jpg
Liga Venezolana de Béisbol Profesional
Sport Baseball
Founded 1945
No. of teams 8
Country Venezuela
Continent South America
Most recent champion(s) Tigres de Aragua (10th title)
Most titles Leones del Caracas (20 titles)
Official website lvbp.com

The Venezuelan Professional Baseball League or Liga Venezolana de Béisbol Profesional (LVBP) is the highest level baseball league in Venezuela.

Brief history[edit]

Early years[edit]

Baseball exploded in Venezuela in 1941, following the world championship in Havana. By then, the appearance of professional baseball in Venezuela attracted many ball players from the Caribbean and the United States to the country, showing a more integrated sport there than it was in the United States. This is evidenced in the hiring of stellar players like Ramón Bragaña, Martín Dihigo, Oscar Estrada, Cocaina Garcia, Bertrum Hunter, Roy Campanella, Sam Jethroe, Satchel Paige, and Roy Welmaker.

On December 27, 1945, the owners of Cervecería Caracas (Caracas Brewery), Sabios de Vargas (Vargas Wisemen), Navegantes del Magallanes (Magellan Navigators), and Patriotas de Venezuela (Venezuelan Patriots) created the Venezuelan Professional Baseball League. The league was formally registered as an institution during January 1946, and in the same month organized its first tournament, starting on January 3, 1946.

Sabios de Vargas, led by Daniel 'Chino' Canónico, became the first champion, with a record of 18 wins and 12 loses.

During the first tournaments, games were played on Thursdays and Saturdays on the afternoons, and Sundays in the morning. This was the norm until Cervecería Caracas' park — located in the San Agustín del Norte zone of Caracas — was fitted with electric lights, enabling its use during night games. Thus, a game was added on Tuesday nights.

Eventually, the tournament was changed to accommodate two rounds, with the top team of each round having a best-of-5 play-off to determine the champion.

1950s and '60s[edit]

On August 8, 1952, Pablo Morales and Oscar Prieto Ortiz purchased the Cervecería Caracas team from Martín Tovar Lange, as the Caracas Brewery Co. was unable to continue sponsoring the team and it had the highest payroll of the league. The new owners renamed the team as Leones del Caracas (Caracas Lions), after the full name of the city, Santiago de Leon de Caracas. On October 17, 1952, the 1952-1953 tournament started, with the first game of Leones del Caracas vs. Venezuela BBC. Leones del Caracas would win their inaugural tournament.

The next tournament would see the departure of the teams Sabios de Vargas and Venezuela BBC due to economic problems, being replaced by two teams (Gavilanes and Pastora) from the professional league of the Zulia State, from western Venezuela.

In 1954 Sabios de Vargas was replaced by Santa Marta and Patriotas de Venezuela came back both only for that year.

In 1955 a new team was added in the place of the departed Venezuela, named Pampero; while the Santa Marta BBC was moved out of Caracas, and renamed to Industriales de Valencia (Valencia Industrymen).

The 1956-1957 tournament would see further changes: the Navegantes del Magallanes team was purchased by advertisers Joe Novas and Joe Cruz and renamed as Oriente, leaving the league made of Leones del Caracas, Oriente, Pampero and Industriales de Valencia.

In 1962, Los Tiburones de La Guaira (La Guaira Sharks) were brought into the league to replace Pampero.

In 1965, the league expanded from 4 to 6 teams, with the addition of the teams Cardenales de Lara (Lara Cardinals) and Tigres de Aragua (Aragua Tigers).

For the 1968-1969 tournament, the Industrymen left the city of Valencia and relocated to Acarigua with a new name: Los Llaneros. This left Valencia without a team, prompting the move of Navegantes del Magallanes from Caracas to Valencia, and their return to their original name for the 1969-1970 tournament.

In 1969, Las Águilas del Zulia (Zulia Eagles) were brought into the league to replace Industriales de Valencia.

1970s and '80s[edit]

The '70s saw the first successes for Venezuelan teams outside of Venezuela since the amateur championships of the 1940s, with the Navegantes del Magallanes winning two Caribbean Series. It also saw problems for the league, in the form of the strike that prevented the 1973-1974 tournament, and the problems the Leones del Caracas and Tiburones de La Guaira had in 1975-1976 to secure a baseball park to play their home games. This resulted in both teams merged into one, and forced to move to the city of Acarigua.

Also in the '70s, Tigres de Aragua won the first championships for the '60s expansion teams.

The '80s saw the Leones del Caracas winning five tournaments, consolidating their lead as the most successful team in the league. Leones del Caracas also went on to win three championships in a row starting in the 1979-80 season, and their first Caribbean Series in 1982. The decade also saw success for the Tiburones de La Guaira, with the team winning 3 championships.

Also in the '80s, the Águilas del Zulia won their first two championships, all the way to also winning their first two Caribbean Series in 1984 and 1989.

1990s and 2000s[edit]

In 1991, the league expanded from six to eight teams, with the addition of the Caribes de Oriente (Eastern Caribbeans), who are now the Caribes de Anzoátegui (Anzoátegui Caribbeans); and the Petroleros de Cabimas (Cabimas Oilers), who became Pastora de los Llanos (Llanos Shepherds), and from the 2007-08 season on, Bravos de Margarita (Margarita Braves). This led to a change in format, with the eight teams being organized in two divisions: the Eastern Division (División Oriental) with the teams Caracas, Magallanes, La Guaira and Oriente; and the Western Division (División Occidental) with the teams Zulia, Lara, Aragua and Cabimas. The first two teams from each division by the end of the regular season of the tournament would qualify to the round-robin semifinals.

The format would change again some years later, with the addition of a wildcard team in the semifinals: the best placed third-place from the two divisions would accompany the other four teams in a round-robin semifinal.

For the 2007-08 season, with the move of the Pastora team from the western city of Acarigua to the eastern city of Porlamar, the Western Division and the Eastern Division were merged into a single division of eight teams, with the top five teams advancing to the semifinals.

The 2015-2016 season saw a new change in format, with a regular season divided in two rounds, which ranked the teams by their record and assigned points depending on their position in the table at the end of each round. The total points from both rounds are added at the end of the regular season, and the teams are then ranked by points. Also part of the format change was the introduction of a sixth team qualified for the semifinals, and the change of the semifinal from a round robin format to two phases of play-offs to the best of 7 games.

In recent years, Tigres de Aragua has become the most dominant team of the league, winning the crown seven times in the last fifteen years, including three times in a row from the 2006-07 season to the 2008-09 season and also winning the Caribbean Series in 2009.

All Star Game[edit]

The league has scheduled All Star Games most years, sometime featuring Criollos (Venezuelan) vs Importados (foreigners), Western Division vs Eastern Division or Stars vs "Stars of the Future", and even a Venezuela's League Stars vs. Dominican Republic's League Stars inter-league all star game during the 2007-2008 and 2011-2012 tournaments.

Current Teams[edit]

Team City Stadium Capacity
Águilas del Zulia Maracaibo Estadio Luis Aparicio El Grande 22,000
Bravos de Margarita Porlamar Estadio Nueva Esparta 16,100
Cardenales de Lara Barquisimeto Estadio Antonio Herrera Gutiérrez 20,450
Caribes de Anzoátegui Puerto La Cruz Estadio Alfonso Chico Carrasquel 18,000
Leones del Caracas Caracas Estadio Universitario 22,300
Navegantes del Magallanes Valencia Estadio José Bernardo Pérez 15,500
Tiburones de la Guaira Play in Caracas but representing La Guaira Estadio Universitario 22,300
Tigres de Aragua Maracay Estadio José Pérez Colmenares 15,328

Format[edit]

The league houses eight teams in one single division. The tournament is divided into a regular season consisting of two rounds and a postseason consisting of two semifinal rounds and one final.[1]

Regular Season[edit]

The regular season is made up of two rounds and a total of 63 games are disputed by each of the eight teams that made up the Venezuelan Professional Baseball League. Both rounds are played in a round robin format; the first consisting of 32 games for each club and the second consisting of 31 games for each club. At the end of each round, points are assigned to the teams depending on their standings on the round as illustrated by the following table:

Position Points Position Points
1st Place 8 points 5th Place 4.5 points
2nd Place 7 points 6th Place 4 points
3rd Place 6 points 7th Place 3.5 points
4th Place 5 points 8th Place 3 points

In the case of a tie, the position of the teams in the table is determined by their head-to-head record.

At the end of the second round, the total points from both rounds are added and the teams ranked according to that. The six teams with more points advance to the postseason.

Postseason[edit]

The postseason is further divided in two semifinal rounds and the final. All the series from the semifinal rounds and the final itself are playoff series to the best of 7 games, played in a single elimination format. In all of these single elimination series, the team with more points during the regular season has home advantage, playing the first two games as home club, then two games away, and if necessary, the fifth game is away and the last two games as home club.

First Semifinal Round[edit]

The first semifinal round has three individual series, and an extra game.

The series match the 1st ranked team from the Regular Season against the 6th, the 2nd against the 5th and the 3rd against the 4th.

The winners of the three series qualify directly to the Second Semifinal Round.

The fourth team qualified to the Second Semifinal Round comes from an extra wildcard game; this game is played between two of the losing teams from the First Semifinal Round series. To determine the teams for the extra game, the three losing teams are ranked according to their points in the regular season, and the two teams with more points advance to the extra game. The winner of the extra game becomes the fourth qualified team and doesn't have a rest day before the start of the Second Semifinal Round, nor home advantage, even if it has more points than the other teams.

Second Semifinal Round[edit]

The second semifinal round has two individual series in single elimination format to the best of seven games. The three winners of the First Semifinal Round are ranked first to third depending on their points in the Regular Season, while the wildcard game winner is ranked fourth.

The series match the 1st ranked team against the fourth, and the 2nd against the 3rd.

There are rest days in both series after the second and fifth games.

Final[edit]

The final is a series in single elimination format to the best of seven games contested between the winners of the two Second Semifinal Round series.

Past Champions[edit]

Season Champion
1946 Sabios de Vargas
1946-47 Sabios de Vargas
1947-48 Cervecería Caracas
1948-49 Cervecería Caracas
1949-50 Navegantes del Magallanes
1950-51 Navegantes del Magallanes
1951-52 Cervecería Caracas
1952-53 Leones del Caracas
1953-54 Pastora de Occidente
1954-55 Navegantes del Magallanes
1955-56 Industriales de Valencia
1956-57 Leones del Caracas
1957-58 Industriales de Valencia
1958-59 Industriales de Valencia
1959-60 No champion due to a players' strike
1960-61 Industriales de Valencia
1961-62 Leones del Caracas
1962-63 Industriales de Valencia
1963-64 Leones del Caracas
1964-65 Tiburones de La Guaira
1965-66 Tiburones de La Guaira
1966-67 Leones del Caracas
1967-68 Leones del Caracas
1968-69 Tiburones de La Guaira
1969-70 Navegantes del Magallanes
1970-71 Tiburones de La Guaira
1971-72 Tigres de Aragua
1972-73 Leones del Caracas
1973-74 No Champion
1974-75 Tigres de Aragua
1975-76 Tigres de Aragua
1976-77 Navegantes del Magallanes
1977-78 Leones del Caracas
1978-79 Navegantes del Magallanes
1979-80 Leones del Caracas
1980-81 Leones del Caracas
1981-82 Leones del Caracas
1982-83 Tiburones de La Guaira
1983-84 Águilas del Zulia
1984-85 Tiburones de La Guaira
1985-86 Tiburones de La Guaira
1986-87 Leones del Caracas
1987-88 Leones del Caracas
1988-89 Águilas del Zulia
1989-90 Leones del Caracas
1990-91 Cardenales de Lara
1991-92 Águilas del Zulia
1992-93 Águilas del Zulia
1993-94 Navegantes del Magallanes
1994-95 Leones del Caracas
1995-96 Navegantes del Magallanes
1996-97 Navegantes del Magallanes
1997-98 Cardenales de Lara
1998-99 Cardenales de Lara
1999-00 Águilas del Zulia
2000-01 Cardenales de Lara
2001-02 Navegantes del Magallanes
2002-03 No champion due to a national general strike  
2003-04 Tigres de Aragua
2004-05 Tigres de Aragua
2005-06 Leones del Caracas
2006-07 Tigres de Aragua
2007-08 Tigres de Aragua
2008-09 Tigres de Aragua
2009-10 Leones del Caracas
2010-11 Caribes de Anzoátegui
2011-12 Tigres de Aragua
2012-13 Navegantes del Magallanes
2013-14 Navegantes del Magallanes
2014-15 Caribes de Anzoátegui
2015-16 Tigres de Aragua

Key[edit]

       Won Caribbean Series

Championships per team[edit]

Team Years Total
Leones del Caracas 1947-48 (+), 1948-49 (+), 1951-52 (+), 1952–53,
1956–57, 1961–62, 1963–64, 1966–67, 1967–68,
1972–73, 1977–78, 1979–80, 1980–81, 1981–82,
1986–87, 1987–88, 1989–90, 1994–95, 2005-06,
2009-10
  20
Navegantes del Magallanes     1949-50, 1950–51, 1954–55, 1969–70, 1976–77,
1978–79, 1993–94, 1995–96, 1996–97, 2001–02,
2012-2013, 2013-2014
  12
Tigres de Aragua 1971-72, 1974–75, 1975–76, 2003–04, 2004–05,
2006–07, 2007-08, 2008-09, 2011–12,
2015–16
    10
Tiburones de La Guaira 1964-65, 1965–66, 1968–69, 1970–71, 1982–83,
1984–85, 1985–86
    7
Industriales de Valencia (†) 1955-56, 1957–58, 1958–59, 1960–61, 1962–63     5
Águilas del Zulia 1983-84, 1988–89, 1991–92, 1992–93, 1999–2000     5
Cardenales de Lara 1990-91, 1997–98, 1998-99, 2000-01     4
Sabios de Vargas (‡) 1946, 1946–47     2
Caribes de Anzoátegui 2010-11, 2014-15     2
Lácteos de Pastora (*) 1953-54     1

(+) Won the title as Cervecería Caracas. The team changed owners and name in 1952, but documents made public on October 4, 2011, state that the franchise official name - Caracas Baseball Club - remained constant during all sale transactions in 1949, 1952 and 2001. This has resulted in a change on the historical stats of Leones del Caracas, as reflected in the official page of the league. [2] [3]

(†) The team moved to a different city, and changed its name in 1968. The team disappeared by 1969, and was replaced with a new franchise.

(‡) The team folded at the end of the 1952-53 season, and was replaced with a new franchise.

(*) Played only in a National Championship Series called El Rotatorio.

Defunct teams[edit]

Venezuelan Caribbean Series Champions[edit]

The Venezuelan champion moves on to the Caribbean Series to face the champions of the baseball leagues of the Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, Mexico and Cuba. Venezuela has won the Caribbean Series seven times, most recently in 2009 by the Tigres de Aragua (Aragua Tigers), after having won the LVBP title during the 2008-09 LVBP season.

Team Series Championship Series Appearances Championship Years
Leones del Caracas 2 14 1982, 2006
Navegantes del Magallanes 2 12 1970, 1979
Águilas del Zulia 2 5 1984, 1989
Tigres de Aragua 1 10 2009

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ [1] Tournament conditions (in Spanish)
  2. ^ [2] Avila: Caracas has 20 Championships (In Spanish)
  3. ^ [3] Magallanes doesn't accept Caracas' 20 Championships (In Spanish)

External links[edit]