Venezuelan general election, 1968

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Venezuela

General elections were held in Venezuela on 1 December 1968.[1] The presidential election was won by Rafael Caldera of Copei, who received 29.1% of the vote.[2] Acción Democrática ("Democratic Action" - AD) remained the largest party in the Chamber of Deputies and Senate. Voter turnout was 96.7% in the presidential election and 94.5% in the Congressional elections.[3] When Caldera took office in March 1969, it marked the first time in Venezuela's history as an independent nation that the sitting government peacefully transferred power to an elected member of the opposition.

Background[edit]

The election was shaped by the split in AD. Luis Beltrán Prieto Figueroa, then President of the Venezuelan Senate and President of AD, won the AD primary election (held in 1967). His nomination was overturned in favor of Gonzalo Barrios by the Rómulo Betancourt faction of AD, which considered Prieto Figueroa too left-wing.[4] Prieto Figueroa and a substantial number of his supporters then split from AD and formed a new party: the Movimiento Electoral del Pueblo ("People's Electoral Movement" - MEP).[4]

Results[edit]

President[edit]

Candidate Party Votes %
Rafael Caldera Copei-MDI 1,083,712 29.1
Gonzalo Barrios AD-API-AIR-OPIR 1,050,806 28.2
Miguel Ángel Burelli Rivas URD-FDP-FND-MENI 826,758 22.2
Luis Beltrán Prieto Figueroa MEP-PRIN-OPINA 719,461 19.3
Alejandro Hernández PSO 27,336 0.7
Germán Borregales National Action Movement 12,587 0.3
Invalid/blank votes 278,957
Total valid votes 3,999,617 100
Source: Nohlen

Congress[edit]

Party Votes % Seats
Chamber +/- Senate +/-
Democratic Action 939,759 25.6 66 0 19 -3
Copei 883,814 24.0 59 +20 16 +8
People's Electoral Movement 475,909 12.9 25 New 5 New
Nationalist Civic Crusade 402,351 10.9 21 New 4 New
Democratic Republican Union 340,195 9.2 18 -11 3 -4
Popular Democratic Front 194,931 5.3 10 -6 2 -2
Union for Progress 103,591 2.8 5 New 1 New
Democratic National Front 96,027 2.6 4 New 1 New
Revolutionary Party Nationalist Integration 88,509 2.4 4 New 1 New
Socialist Party of Venezuela 29,920 0.8 1 0 0 0
National Action Movement 24,407 0.7 1 +1 0 0
Independent Democratic Movement 18,337 0.5 0 New 0 New
Independent Popular Alliance 18,332 0.5 0 New 0 New
Independent National Electoral Movement 13,847 0.4 0 -1 0 0
Revolutionary Independent Action 9,154 0.3 0 New 0 New
National Opinion 7,339 0.2 0 New 0 New
18 other parties 31,662 0.9 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 229,739
Total 3,907,823 100 214 +35 52 +5
Source: Nohlen
Popular Vote
AD
  
25.55%
COPEI
  
24.03%
MEP
  
12.94%
CCN
  
10.94%
URD
  
9.25%
FDP
  
5.30%
UNION
  
2.82%
FND
  
2.61%
PRIN
  
2.41%
Others
  
4.16%
Seats (Chamber)
AD
  
30.84%
COPEI
  
27.57%
MEP
  
11.68%
CCN
  
9.81%
URD
  
8.41%
FDP
  
4.67%
UNION
  
2.34%
FND
  
1.87%
PRIN
  
1.87%
Others
  
0.93%

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D (2005) Elections in the Americas: A data handbook, Volume II, p555 ISBN 978-0-19-928358-3
  2. ^ Nohlen, p580
  3. ^ Nohlen, p556
  4. ^ a b Swanson, D. L.; Mancini, P. (1996) Politics, media, and modern democracy: an international study of innovations in electoral campaigning and their consequences, Greenwood Publishing Group, p244