Steam rising from the intracaldera cinder cone at Veniaminof volcano in the waning stages of the 1983 to 1984 eruption.
|Elevation||8,225 ft (2,507 m)|
|Prominence||8,199 ft (2,499 m) |
|Parent range||Aleutian Range|
|Topo map||USGS Chignik A-5|
|Mountain type||Stratovolcano with a summit caldera|
|Volcanic arc/belt||Aleutian Arc|
|Last eruption||June to October 2013 |
Mount Veniaminof is an active stratovolcano on the Alaska Peninsula. The Alaska Volcano Observatory currently rates Veniaminof as Aviation Color Code YELLOW and Volcano Alert Level ADVISORY as of October 1, 2015, 2000 (UTC) following observations of elevated seismicity. The mountain was named after Ioann (Ivan Popov) Veniaminov (1797–1879), a Russian Orthodox missionary priest (and later a prominent bishop in Russia) whose writings on the Aleut language and ethnology are still standard references. He is a saint of the Orthodox Church, known as Saint Innocent for the monastic name he used in later life.
The volcano was the site of a colossal (VEI 6) eruption around 1750 BC. This eruption left a large caldera. In modern times the volcano has had numerous small eruptions (over ten of them since 1930), all at a cinder cone in the middle of the caldera.
Veniaminof is one of the highest of Alaskan volcanoes. Partly for this reason, it is covered by a glacier that fills most of the caldera. Because of the glacier and the caldera walls, there is the possibility of a major flood from a future glacier run.
- List of mountain peaks of Alaska
- List of Ultras of the United States
- List of volcanoes in the United States
- "Veniaminof". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution.
- Volcanoes of the Alaska Peninsula and Aleutian Islands-Selected Photographs
- Alaska Volcano Observatory