Mount Veniaminof

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Mount Veniaminof
Steam rising from the intracaldera cinder cone at Veniaminof volcano in the waning stages of the 1983 to 1984 eruption.
Highest point
Elevation 8,225 ft (2,507 m)
Prominence 8,199 ft (2,499 m) [1]
Coordinates 56°11′53″N 159°23′27″W / 56.19806°N 159.39083°W / 56.19806; -159.39083Coordinates: 56°11′53″N 159°23′27″W / 56.19806°N 159.39083°W / 56.19806; -159.39083
Parent range Aleutian Range
Topo map USGS Chignik A-5
Mountain type Stratovolcano with a summit caldera
Volcanic arc/belt Aleutian Arc
Last eruption June to October 2013 [2]
Designated 1967

Mount Veniaminof is an active stratovolcano on the Alaska Peninsula. The Alaska Volcano Observatory currently rates Veniaminof as Aviation Color Code ORANGE and Volcano Alert Level WATCH as of 4 September 2018, at 2109 (UTC).[3] The mountain was named after Ioann (Ivan Popov) Veniaminov (1797–1879), a Russian Orthodox missionary priest (and later a prominent bishop in Russia) whose writings on the Aleut language and ethnology are still standard references. He is a saint of the Orthodox Church, known as Saint Innocent for the monastic name he used in later life.

The volcano was the site of a colossal (VEI 6) eruption around 1750 BC. This eruption left a large caldera. In modern times the volcano has had numerous small eruptions (over ten of them since 1930), all at a cinder cone in the middle of the caldera.

Veniaminof is one of the highest of Alaskan volcanoes. Partly for this reason, it is covered by a glacier that fills most of the caldera. Because of the glacier and the caldera walls, there is the possibility of a major flood from a future glacier run.

Map showing volcanoes of Alaska Peninsula.

See also[edit]


  • "Veniaminof". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Volcanoes of the Alaska Peninsula and Aleutian Islands-Selected Photographs
  • Alaska Volcano Observatory

External links[edit]