Venice Biennale of Architecture

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Venice Biennale of Architecture
Biennale Architettura
Genrebiennale, architecture
Frequencybiennial, even-numbered years (since 2000)
Location(s)Venice, Italy
Inaugurated1980
Most recent2018
Next event2021
Websitewww.labiennale.org/en/architecture/

Venice Biennale of Architecture also known as Mostra di Architettura di Venezia – in its original language, Italian – is an International exhibition held every other year on even years in Venice, Italy, in which architecture from nations around the world is presented. It is the architecture section under the overall Venice Biennale and was officially established in 1980, even though architecture had been a part of the Venice Art Biennale since 1968.

The main agenda of the Architecture Biennale is to propose and showcase architectural solutions to contemporary societal, humanistic, and technological issues. Although leaning towards the academic side of architecture, the Biennale also provides an opportunity for local architects around the world to present new projects. The Biennale is separated into two main sections: The permanent, national pavilions in the Biennale Gardens as well as the Arsenale, which hosts projects from numerous nations under one roof.


Exhibitions[edit]

2021[edit]

Curated by Hashim Sarkis, The 17th Venice Architecture Biennale will be entitled How will we live together? Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, it will take place in 2021 instead of 2020.[1]

National pavilions and curators

2018[edit]

The 16th International Architecture Exhibition was titled Freespace and was curated by Yvonne Farrell and Shelley McNamara.[2]

Awards:[3]

  • Golden Lion for Best National Participation: Switzerland, with Svizzera 240, House Tour. Commissioners: Swiss Arts Council Pro Helvetia: Marianne Burki, Sandi Paucic, Rachele Giudici Legittimo. Curators & Exhibitors: Alessandro Bosshard, Li Tavor, Matthew van der Ploeg, Ani Vihervaara
  • Special Mention for Best National Participation: Great Britain, with Island. Commissioner: Sarah Mann; Architecture Design Fashion British Council. Curators: Caruso St John Architects, Marcus Taylor
  • Golden Lion for the best participant: Souto Moura - Arquitectos; Eduardo Souto de Moura (Porto, Portugal).
  • Silver Lion for a promising young participant; Architecten de vylder vinck taillieu. Jan de Vylder, Inge Vinck, Jo Taillieu (Ghent, Belgium).
  • Special Mentions: Andramatin; Andra Matin (Jakarta, Indonesia) and RMA Architects; Rahul Mehrotra (Mumbai, India; Boston, USA)
  • Golden Lion for Lifetime Achievement: Kenneth Frampton (Great Britain)

National pavilions and curators

2016[edit]

The 15th International Architecture Exhibition, entitled Reporting from the Front was directed by Alejandro Aravena[4] 28 May – 27 November.

Awards:

National pavilions and curators

  • Italy: Taking Care. Curated by Studio Tamassociati
  • Switzerland: Incidental Space. Curated by Sandra Oehy. Exhibitor Christian Kerez.[7]
  • Serbia: HEROIC: Free Shipping. Exhibitors: Stefan Vasic, Ana Šulkic and Igor Sjeverac.[8]

2014[edit]

The 14th International Architecture Exhibition: "Fundamentals". Directed by Rem Koolhaas.[9] 7 June – 23 November 2014.

Awards:[10]

  • Golden Lion for Lifetime Achievement: Phyllis Lambert.[11]
  • Golden Lion for Best National Participation: Korea, with "Crow's Eye View" curated by Minsuk Cho together with Hyungmin Pai and Changmo Ahn.[12]
  • Silver Lion for Best Research Project of the Monditalia section: Andrés Jaque and his Office for Political Innovation, with the project "Sales Oddity. Milano 2 and the Politics of Home to Home TV Urbanisms".[13]
  • Silver Lion for Best National Participation: Chile, with "Monolith Controversies" curated by Pedro Alonso and Hugo Palmarola.[12]
  • Special Mentions to National Participations: Canada, France, Russia
  • Special Mentions to research projects of the Monditalia section: "Radical Pedagogies: ACTION-REACTION-INTERACTION" by Beatriz Colomina, Britt Eversole, Ignacio G. Galán, Evangelos Kotsioris, Anna-Maria Meister, Federica Vannucchi, Amunátegui Valdés Architects, Smog.tv; "Intermundia" by Ana Dana Beroš; "Italian Limes" by Folder

2012[edit]

British Pavilion at Venice Biennale by FOA

The 13th International Architecture Exhibition: "Common Ground". Directed by David Chipperfield. 29 August – 25 November 2012.

Awards:[14]

2010[edit]

The 12th International Architecture Exhibition: "People meet in architecture". Directed by Kazuyo Sejima. 29 August – 21 November 2010.

Awards:[19]

  • Golden Lion for Lifetime Achievement: Rem Koolhaas
  • Golden Lion for the Best National Participation: Kingdom of Bahrain
  • Golden Lion for the Best Project in the People meet in architecture exhibition: junya.ishigami+associates
  • Golden Lion in memoriam: Kazuo Shinohara
  • Silver Lion for a promising young participant in the People meet in architecture exhibition: OFFICE Kersten Geers David Van Severen + Bas Princen
  • Special Mentions: Amateur Architecture Studio, Studio Mumbai, Piet Oudolf

2008[edit]

The 11th International Architecture Exhibition: "Out There: Architecture Beyond Building". Directed by Aaron Betsky. 14 September – 23 November 2008.

Awards:[20]

  • Golden Lion for Lifetime Achievement: Frank Gehry
  • Golden Lion for Best National Participant: Poland (“Hotel Polonia. The Afterlife of Buildings”). A project by Nicolas Grospierre and Kobas Laksa
  • Golden Lion for the Best Installation Project in the International Exhibition: Greg Lynn Form (“Recycled Toys Forniture”)
  • Special Golden Lion for lifetime achievement to a historian of Architecture: James S. Ackerman
  • Silver Lion for a Promising Young Architect in the International Exhibition: Chilean Group Elemental

National pavilions and curators

  • Germany: Updating Germany - 100 Projects for a Better Future. Curated by Friedrich von Borries and Matthias Böttger
  • United States: Into the Open: Positioning Practice:[21] 16 architectural groups focus on the increasing interest in civic engagement in American architectural practice, and examines the means by which a new generation is reclaiming a role in shaping community and the built environment. Curated by William Menking, Aaron Levy, and Andrew Sturm.

2006[edit]

The 10th International Architecture Exhibition: "Cities, architecture and society". Directed by Ricky Burdett. 10 September – 19 November 2006. The collateral section City-Port was held in Palermo until January 14, 2007. The exhibition attracted over 130,000 visitors.

Awards:[22]

  • Golden Lion for Lifetime Achievement: Richard Rogers
  • Golden Lion for Best National Participation: Denmark for "CO-EVOLUTION, Danish/Chinese collaboration on sustainable urban development in China". Curated by Henrik Valeur and UiD. Projects by Danish architectural offices and Chinese universities CEBRA + Tsinghua, COBE + CQU, Effekt + Tongji and Transform + XAUAT[23][24]
  • Golden Lion for the City: Bogotá, Colombia
  • Golden Lion for Best Urban Projects: Javier Sanchez/ Higuera + Sanchez for the housing project "Brazil 44" in Mexico City
  • Special prize for Best Architecture School: Facoltà di Architettura Politecnico di Torino for a project for Mumbai
  • Mentions for three significant national exhibitions: Japan, Iceland and Macedonia
  • Seven Stone Lions, Città di Pietra -Sensi Contemporanei section: Bari, group leader arch. Adolfo Natalini; Crotone, arch. Carlo Moccia; Pantelleria, group leader arch. Gabriella Giuntoli; Bari, group leader arch. Guido Canella; Bari, group leader arch. Antonio Riondino; Bari, group leader arch. Vitangelo Ardito; Pantelleria, group leader arch. Marino Narpozzi
  • Prize for Architecture Portus, Città – Porto - Sensi Contemporanei section: “Il parco della Blanda” of Region Basilicata. Area: Maratea, Piana di Castrocucco (Potenza). Project by: Gustavo Matassa, with Vincenzo De Biase, Silvia Marano, Rosa Nave
  • Premio Manfredo Tafuri, appointed by the Padiglione Italia: Vittorio Gregotti
  • Giancarlo De Carlo prize, appointed by the Padiglione Italia: Andrea Stipa
  • Ernesto Nathan Rogers prize, appointed by the Padiglione Italia: Luca Molinari

National Pavilions

  • United States Pavilion:[25]

After the Flood: Building on Higher Ground: Architectural responses to the August 2005 devastation in New Orleans and the Gulf Coast wrought by Hurricane Katrina. Curated by Christian Ditlev Bruun. Projects by Anderson+Anderson Architects and Eight Inc. were among the included projects. Photography for the exhibition by Michael Goodman. Graphic Design by Paula Kelly Design NYC. The exhibition traveled to Bangkok (2007), Panama City (2007), and Los Angeles (2008). The exhibition also marked the beginning of the international symposium series Sustainable Dialogues, which connected architects, city planners, and environmentalist from Southeast Asia, Central and South America with American architects in each region to exchange ideas and knowledge and propose solutions to issues of ecological disasters, global climate change, and sustainable architectural strategies. Collaborators included Global Green and Make it Right (founded by Brad Pitt).

2004[edit]

The 9th International Architecture Exhibition: "METAMORPH". Directed by Kurt W. Forster. 12 September – 7 November 2004. The exhibition attracted over 115,000 visitors.

Awards:[26]

  • Golden Lion for Lifetime Achievement: Peter Eisenman
  • Golden Lion for best installation presented by a country: Belgium Pavilion (“Kinshasa, the Imaginary City”)
  • Golden Lion for most significant work of the Metamorph exhibition: Studio SANAA by Kazuyo Sejima + Ryue Nishizawa for the project for the Museum of 21st century for contemporary art (Kanazawa, Japan) and for the enlargement of the Istituto Valenciano de Arte Moderna (Valencia, Spain)
  • Special Prize for best work in the Concert Halls section: Studio Plot of Julien De Smedt and Bjarke Ingels for the Concert House project (Stavanger, Norvegia)
  • Special Prize for best work in the Episodes section: German photographer Armin Linke and Italian architect Piero Zanini for the Alpi installation
  • Special Prize for best work in the Transformations section: Austrian architect Günther Domenig for the Documentation Centre at the Party Rally Grounds of Norimberg, Germany
  • Special Prize for best work in the Topography section: Studio Foreign Office Architects Ltd for the Novartis Car Park (Basilea, Switzerland)
  • Special Prize for best work in the Surface section: Japanese architect Shuhei Endo for the Springtecture project (Singu-cho, Hyogo, Japan)
  • Special Prize for best work in the Atmosphere section: Australian studio PTW Architects pty Ltd and Chinese partner studio CSCEC + Design for the National Swimming Center project (Pechino Olympic Green, China)
  • Special Prize for best work in the Hyper-Project section: Martinez Lapeña- Torres Arquitectos for the Esplanada Fòrum (Barcelona, Spain)
  • Special Prize for best work in the Morphing Lights, Floating Shadows sections (photography): images of Mars shot by NASA in cooperation with JPL and Cornell University

National Pavilions

2002[edit]

The 8th International Architecture Exhibition: "NEXT". Directed by Deyan Sudjic. 8 September – 3 November 2002. The exhibition attracted over 100,000 visitors.

Awards:[27]

  • Golden Lion for Lifetime Achievement: Toyo Ito
  • Golden Lion for best project of the International Exhibition: Iberê Camargo Foundation di Porto Alegre (Brazil) designed by Alvaro Siza Vieira
  • Special prize for best National Participant: Dutch Pavilion
  • Special prize for best architectural works patron: Zhang Xin
  • Special prize for best governative sponsorship : Barcelona
  • Special mention to Next Mexico City: The Lakes Project

National Pavilions

  • United States Pavilion[25] *World Trade Center. Two Perspectives: The Aftermath & Before. Photographs by Joel Meyerowitz. *A New World Trade Center Design Proposals. The Max Protetch Gallery.

Commissioner: Robert Ivy, Chief Executive Officer of the American Institute of Architects (AIA)[28]

2000[edit]

The 7th International Architecture Exhibition: "Less Aesthetics, More Ethics". Directed by Massimiliano Fuksas. 18 June – 29 October 2000.

Awards:[29]

National Pavilions

  • United States Pavilion:[30] ARCHitecture LABoratories with Columbia University and UCLA. Greg Lynn and Hani Rashid, respectively, transformed the U.S. Pavilion into a research laboratory designed to investigate, produce, and present a broad scope of new architectural schemes. A central theme of the studio program was new technology and its application to contemporary housing and other building archetypes. Organized by: The Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation. Commissioner: Max Hollein

1996[edit]

The 6th International Architecture Exhibition: "Sensing the Future—The Architect as Seismograph". Directed by Hans Hollein.

Awards:[31]

  • Golden Lion for best National Participant: Japan
  • Golden Lion for best interpretation of exhibition: Odile Decq-Benoît Cornette, Juha Kaakko, Ilkka Laine, Kimmo Liimatainen, Jari Tirkkonen, Enric Miralles Moya
  • Special Osella for an extraordinary initiative in contemporary architecture: Pascal Maragall, Mayor of Barcelona
  • Special Osella for media exposure in the field of contemporary architecture: Wim Wenders
  • Special Osella for best architecture photographer: Gabriele Basilico

National Pavilions

  • United States Pavilion:[21] Building a Dream: The Art of Disney Architecture. The Walt Disney Company has inspired and commissioned the work of many of the leading architects of our day for its hotels, productions, facilities, office buildings, sports facilities and housing developments. Organized by: Disney Imagineering, and The Solomon R Guggenheim Foundation, New York. Commissioner: Thomas Krens

1991[edit]

The 5th International Architecture Exhibition. Directed by Francesco Dal Co. 8 September – 6 October 1991.

Awards:[32]

  • Winner of the International contest for the new Palazzo del Cinema 1990: Rafael Moneo
  • Winner of the International contest “Una Porta per Venezia” for the restoration of Piazzale Roma: Jeremy Dixon and Edward Jones

National Pavilions

  • United States Pavilion:[21] "Peter Eisenman and Frank Gehry". The similarities and differences between the work of architects Peter Eisenman and Frank Gehry. Organized by: The Solomon R Guggenheim Foundation, New York. Commissioner: Philip Johnson

1986[edit]

The 4th International Architecture Exhibition: "Hendrik Petrus Berlage—Drawings". Directed by Aldo Rossi. 18 July – 28 September 1986. Villa Farsetti, Santa Maria di Sala.[33]

1985[edit]

The 3rd International Architecture Exhibition: "Progetto Venezia" (international competition). Directed by Aldo Rossi. 20 July – 29 September 1985.

Awards:[34]

  • Stone Lion: Robert Venturi, Manuel Pascal Schupp, COPRAT, Franco Purini (Accademia Bridge)
  • Stone Lion: Raimund Abraham, Raimund Fein, Peter Nigst, Giangiacomo D’Ardia (Ca’ Venier dei Leoni)
  • Stone Lion: Alberto Ferlenga (Piazza di Este)
  • Stone Lion: Daniel Libeskind & Cranbrook Graduate Students, Three Lessons in Architecture (Piazza di Palmanova)
  • Stone Lion: Laura Foster Nicholson (Villa Farsetti at Santa Maria di Sala)
  • Stone Lion: Maria Grazia Sironi and Peter Eisenman (Castelli di Romeo and Juliet at Montecchio Maggiore)

1981-82[edit]

The 2nd International Architecture Exhibition: "Architecture in Islamic Countries". Directed by Paolo Portoghesi. 20 November 1981 – 6 January 1982.[35]

1980[edit]

The 1st International Architecture Exhibition: "The presence of the Past". Directed by Paolo Portoghesi. 27 July – 20 October 1980.[36]

Included the Strada Novissima exhibition at the Corderie dell'Arsenale, and exhibitions on Antonio Basile, the architect; The Banal Object. An Exhibition of Critics. An Exhibition of Young Architects. Homage to Gardella, Ridolfi and Johnson.

1979[edit]

Theatre of the World. The Dogana at the end of the Zattere, created by Aldo Rossi for the Architecture and Theatre Sections of the Biennale in occasion of the exhibition Venice and the Stage (winter 1979–80).

1978[edit]

Utopia and the Crisis of Anti-Nature. Architectural Intentions in Italy. Magazzini del Sale, Zattere. Director: Vittorio Gregotti.

1976[edit]

Werkbund 1907. The Origins of Design; Rationalism and Architecture in Italy during the fascist period; Europe-America, old city centre, suburbia; Ettore Sottsass, an Italian designer. Ca' Pesaro, San Lorenzo, Magazzini del Sale, Cini Foundation. Director. Vittorio Gregotti.

1975[edit]

On the subject of the Stucky Mill. Magazzini del Sale at the Zattere. Curated by the Visual Arts and Architecture Section of the Biennale, directed by Vittorio Gregotti.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Biennale Architettura 2021". La Biennale. 2020. Retrieved July 13, 2020.
  2. ^ "Biennale 16th International Architecture Exhibition". BBC. Retrieved 2018-06-21.
  3. ^ "2018 Biennale Architettura". Fondazione La Biennale di Venezia. 2018-05-26. Retrieved 2018-06-23.
  4. ^ Bianchini, Riccardo (May 22, 2016). "15th Venice Biennale of Architecture 2016". Inexhibit. Retrieved July 12, 2016.
  5. ^ "Paulo Mendes da Rocha chosen to receive Venice Biennale Golden Lion by Alejandro Aravena", in de Zeen, 6 May 2016
  6. ^ [1], in de Zeen, 28th May 2016
  7. ^ La Biennale Di Venezia. "Biennale Architettura 2016 NATIONAL PARTICIPATIONS 15TH INTERNATIONAL ARCHITECTURE EXHIBITION". La Biennale. Retrieved 28 October 2020.
  8. ^ La Biennale Di Venezia. "Biennale Architettura 2016 NATIONAL PARTICIPATIONS 15TH INTERNATIONAL ARCHITECTURE EXHIBITION". La Biennale. Retrieved 28 October 2020.
  9. ^ Oliver Wainwright: "Rem Koolhaas's Venice Biennale will 'be about architecture, not architects'", in The Guardian, 13 March 2014
  10. ^ "14th International Architecture Exhibition". Fondazione La Biennale di Venezia. Retrieved 2015-10-09.
  11. ^ Quirk, Vanessa (May 20, 2014). "Phyllis Lambert to Receive Golden Lion for Lifetime Achievement at Venice Biennale". ArchDaily. Retrieved 20 May 2014.
  12. ^ a b Quintal, Becky (Jun 7, 2014). "Venice Biennale 2014 Winners: Korea, Chile, Russia, France, Canada". ArchDaily. Retrieved 4 Dec 2014.
  13. ^ "Andrés Jaque obtiene el León de Plata en la Bienal de Arquitectura de Venecia". ElPaís. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  14. ^ "13th International Architecture Exhibition". Fondazione La Biennale di Venezia. Retrieved 2015-10-09.
  15. ^ Rosenfield, Karissa (Jun 27, 2012). "Álvaro Siza wins Golden Lion for Lifetime Achievement". ArchDaily. Retrieved 20 May 2014.
  16. ^ Basulto, David (Aug 29, 2012). "Venice Biennale 2012: Awards ceremony, big winners: Alvaro Siza, Japan and Urban Think Tank". ArchDaily. Retrieved 20 May 2014.
  17. ^ "Venice Biennale 2012: Spontaneous Interventions / USA Pavilion". 2012-08-30.
  18. ^ "Venice Biennale US Pavilion - 2012". 2012-08-31.
  19. ^ "12th International Architecture Exhibition". Fondazione La Biennale di Venezia. Retrieved 2015-10-09.
  20. ^ "11th International Architecture Exhibition". Fondazione La Biennale di Venezia. Retrieved 2015-10-09.
  21. ^ a b c "United States Pavilion at the Venice Biennale". Guggenheim-venice.it. Archived from the original on 2011-09-27. Retrieved 2014-01-22.
  22. ^ "10th International Architecture Exhibition". Fondazione La Biennale di Venezia. Retrieved 2015-08-22.
  23. ^ "About CO-EVOLUTION". Danish Architecture Centre. Archived from the original on 2015-11-20. Retrieved 2015-10-09.
  24. ^ "CO-EVOLUTION". UiD. Retrieved 2015-10-09.
  25. ^ a b c United States Pavilion at the Venice Biennale
  26. ^ "9th International Architecture Exhibition". Fondazione La Biennale di Venezia. Retrieved 2015-09-10.
  27. ^ "8th International Architecture Exhibition". Fondazione La Biennale di Venezia. Retrieved 2015-09-10.
  28. ^ http://www.aia.org/about/structure/AIAB099628
  29. ^ "7th International Architecture Exhibition". Fondazione La Biennale di Venezia. Retrieved 2015-09-10.
  30. ^ "United States Pavilion at the Venice Biennale". Guggenheim-venice.it. Retrieved 2014-01-22.
  31. ^ "6th International Architecture Exhibition". Fondazione La Biennale di Venezia. Retrieved 2015-09-10.
  32. ^ "5th International Architecture Exhibition". Fondazione La Biennale di Venezia. Retrieved 2015-09-10.
  33. ^ "4th International Architecture Exhibition". Fondazione La Biennale di Venezia. Retrieved 2015-09-10.
  34. ^ "3rd International Architecture Exhibition". Fondazione La Biennale di Venezia. Retrieved 2015-09-10.
  35. ^ "2nd International Architecture Exhibition". Fondazione La Biennale di Venezia. Retrieved 2015-09-10.
  36. ^ "1st International Architecture Exhibition". Fondazione La Biennale di Venezia. Retrieved 2015-09-10.

External links[edit]