Vennesla

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Vennesla kommune
View of the Setesdal Line railway museum in Vennesla municipality
View of the Setesdal Line railway museum in Vennesla municipality
Official logo of Vennesla kommune
Agder within
Norway
Vennesla within Agder
Vennesla within Agder
Coordinates: 58°18′38″N 7°51′25″E / 58.31056°N 7.85694°E / 58.31056; 7.85694Coordinates: 58°18′38″N 7°51′25″E / 58.31056°N 7.85694°E / 58.31056; 7.85694
CountryNorway
CountyAgder
DistrictSørlandet
Established1864
Administrative centreVennesla
Government
 • Mayor (2017)Nils Olav Larsen (KrF)
Area
 • Total384.48 km2 (148.45 sq mi)
 • Land362.05 km2 (139.79 sq mi)
 • Water22.43 km2 (8.66 sq mi)  5.8%
Area rank241 in Norway
Population
 (2020)
 • Total14,774
 • Rank83 in Norway
 • Density40.8/km2 (106/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
12.6%
Demonym(s)Venndøl[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-4223
Official language formNeutral[2]
Websitevennesla.kommune.no

Vennesla is a municipality in Agder county, Norway. It is located in the traditional district of Sørlandet. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Vennesla. Other villages in Vennesla include Grovane, Hægeland, Homstean, Mushom, Øvre Eikeland, Øvrebø, Røyknes, and Skarpengland. Vennesla lies about 17 kilometres (11 mi) north of the city of Kristiansand in the Otra river valley.

The 384-square-kilometre (148 sq mi) municipality is the 241st largest by area out of the 356 municipalities in Norway. Vennesla is the 83rd most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 14,774. The municipality's population density is 40.8 inhabitants per square kilometre (106/sq mi) and its population has increased by 12.6% over the previous 10-year period.[3][4]

General information[edit]

View of the village of Vennesla
View of the village of Hægeland and Hægeland Church

The parish of Vennesla was established as a municipality in 1864 when it was separated from the larger municipality of Øvrebø. Initially, Vennesla had 1,103 residents. During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964, Vennesla (population: 7,321) was merged with most of the neighboring municipality of Øvrebø (population: 925) and with all of another neighboring municipality, Hægeland (population: 849) which created a new, much larger municipality of Vennesla. On 1 January 1978, a small area of Vennesla (population: 10) was transferred to neighboring Songdalen municipality. Then again on 1 January 1984, the unpopulated Hauglandsvatnet area was transferred from Vennesla to Songdalen municipality. On 1 January 1990, the unpopulated Røssebrekka area, just east of the village of Vennesla was transferred from Kristiansand municipality to Vennesla.[5]

Name[edit]

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Vennesla farm (Old Norse: Vendilslá), since the first Vennesla Church was built there. The first element is the genitive case of vendill which means "small twig" (maybe used as a name of an arm of Venneslafjorden) and the last element is which means "swamp".[6]

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms was granted on 15 May 1971. The arms have a red background. There are three wavy lines diagonally crossing the arms which symbolises the river Otra, which runs through the municipality. Above the lines are golden outlines of six trees which symbolize the importance of forestry to the local economy. Below the river are two gold colored cogwheels which symbolize the local industry. There is a three-pointed crown on top of the arms which represent the three municipalities that were merged in 1964 to form the present municipality: Vennesla, Øvrebø, and Hægeland.[7][8]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has three parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Vennesla. It is part of the Otredal deanery in the Diocese of Agder og Telemark.

Churches in Vennesla
Parish (sokn) Church name Location of the church Year built
Hægeland Hægeland Church Hægeland 1830
Vennesla Vennesla Church Vennesla 1829
Øvrebø Øvrebø Church Øvrebø 1800

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Vennesla, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[9] The municipality falls under the Kristiansand District Court and the Agder Court of Appeal.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Vennesla is made up of 27 representatives that are elected to four year terms. Currently, the party breakdown is as follows:

Vennesla Kommunestyre 2020–2023 [10]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)5
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)3
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)8
 The Christians Party (Partiet De Kristne)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
Total number of members:27
Vennesla Kommunestyre 2015–2019 [11]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)3
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)8
 The Christians Party (Partiet De Kristne)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:27
Vennesla Kommunestyre 2012–2015 [12]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)4
 Conservative Party (Høyre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)8
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:27
Vennesla Kommunestyre 2008–2011 [11]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)7
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)9
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
Total number of members:27
Vennesla Kommunestyre 2004–2007 [11]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)5
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)8
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
Total number of members:27
Vennesla Kommunestyre 2000–2003 [11]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)5
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)12
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:35
Vennesla Kommunestyre 1996–1999 [13]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)12
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)3
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)13
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:35
Vennesla Kommunestyre 1992–1995 [14]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)14
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)11
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
Total number of members:35
Vennesla Kommunestyre 1988–1991 [15]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)16
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)3
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)9
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:35
Vennesla Kommunestyre 1984–1987 [16]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)17
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høyre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)10
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
Total number of members:35
Vennesla Kommunestyre 1980–1983 [17]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)15
 Conservative Party (Høyre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)9
 Liberal People's Party (Liberale Folkepartiet)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:35
Vennesla Kommunestyre 1976–1979 [18]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)15
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)10
 New People's Party (Nye Folkepartiet)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:35
Vennesla Kommunestyre 1972–1975 [19]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)17
 Conservative Party (Høyre)1
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)6
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Liberal Party (Venstre)5
 Socialist common list (Venstresosialistiske felleslister)2
Total number of members:35
Vennesla Kommunestyre 1968–1971 [20]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)18
 Conservative Party (Høyre)1
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Socialist People's Party (Sosialistisk Folkeparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)6
Total number of members:35
Vennesla Kommunestyre 1964–1967 [21]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)19
 Conservative Party (Høyre)1
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Socialist People's Party (Sosialistisk Folkeparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)6
Total number of members:35
Vennesla Herredsstyre 1960–1963 [22]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)13
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)1
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)5
Total number of members:23
Vennesla Herredsstyre 1956–1959 [23]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)13
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)3
 Farmers' Party (Bondepartiet)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
Total number of members:23
Vennesla Herredsstyre 1952–1955 [24]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)12
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
Total number of members:20
Vennesla Herredsstyre 1948–1951 [25]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)2
 Joint list of the Liberal Party (Venstre) and
the Radical People's Party (Radikale Folkepartiet)
5
Total number of members:16
Vennesla Herredsstyre 1945–1947 [26]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)2
 Joint list of the Liberal Party (Venstre) and
the Radical People's Party (Radikale Folkepartiet)
5
Total number of members:16
Vennesla Herredsstyre 1938–1941* [27]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)11
 Liberal Party (Venstre)5
Total number of members:16

Geography[edit]

Vennesla municipality is situated in Agder county, Norway, about 17 kilometres (11 mi) north of the city of Kristiansand. The neighboring municipalities are Evje og Hornnes (to the north), Birkenes and Iveland (to the east), and Kristiansand (to the south and west), and Lindesnes (to the west).

The river Otra runs through the municipality from north to south. Both of the lakes Kilefjorden and Venneslafjorden are located along the river. The river Songdalselva runs through the western part of the municipality.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Vennesla
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.0
(28.4)
−2.1
(28.2)
0.8
(33.4)
4.5
(40.1)
10.0
(50.0)
14.2
(57.6)
15.7
(60.3)
15.0
(59.0)
11.5
(52.7)
8.0
(46.4)
2.8
(37.0)
−0.4
(31.3)
6.5
(43.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 126
(5.0)
82
(3.2)
89
(3.5)
58
(2.3)
85
(3.3)
73
(2.9)
86
(3.4)
115
(4.5)
143
(5.6)
169
(6.7)
160
(6.3)
119
(4.7)
1,305
(51.4)
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[28]

Economy[edit]

Vennesla (mostly the village of Vennesla) has a small industrial base, primarily with Hunsfos Fabrikker AS, a paper mill, as the cornerstone of the community. During recent decades, however, the number of employees has drastically declined from around 1,200 in the 1970s, to 200 in 2005 and 120 in 2007. In 2010 there was only 135 employees at the paper mill. In 2011, Hunsfos Fabrikker AS celebrated 125 years as a paper mill.[29]

Media[edit]

The newspaper Vennesla Tidende has been published in Vennesla since 1989.[30]

Attractions[edit]

Vikeland Hovedgård[edit]

Vikeland Hovedgård

Vikeland Hovedgård is a manor house located along the Otra River in the village of Vennesla. Vigeland Manor was completed in 1847. The building was constructed of wood in both Empire and Swiss style. It was built as part of Vigeland Brug, then one of the largest sawmills in the area. Vigeland Manor was built by Caspar Wild who bought the farm and adjacent sawmill in 1833. In 1894, the farm was sold to John Clarke Hawkshaw whose family retained the manor until around 1960. The current annex was built around 1900. During the 1980s, there was restoration with the main building subsequently used as lodging, corporate, and meeting facilities.[31]

The manor house has been said to be haunted by a ghost known as "the Blue Lady" (den Blå Dama). Mari was a farm worker who fell in love with the owner's son. They were not allowed to marry, so it is said Mari committed suicide in the "blue room", hence the title "the Blue Lady".[32]

Vennesla Church[edit]

Vennesla Church (Vennesla Kirke) serves Vennesla parish in Otredal deanery (Otredal prosti). The church was completed in 1829 and consecrated the following year. The church was built of stone and brick, while the west tower with side buildings are wooden. The church replaced a church from the first half of the 1600s. The tower was made higher in 1886, and the interior was restored in 1925.[citation needed]

Vindbjart Football Club[edit]

The football club of Vennesla is Vindbjart FK, founded in 1896. Vindbjart is currently playing in the Norwegian Second Division and the stadium is Moseidmoen gress in the village of Vennesla.

Notable residents[edit]

Maria Arredondo, 2010
  • Gabriel Moseid (1882 in Vennesla – 1961) a politician, Mayor of Vennesla, 1922
  • Ole Jørgensen (1897–1966) a Norwegian politician, Mayor of Vennesla, 1940's & 1950's
  • Sigurd Aalefjær (1917–1991) engineer and director of hydropower plants, grew up in Vennesla
  • Engly Lie (1919 in Vennesla - 2001) a carpenter and politician, Mayor of Vennesla, 1959
  • Børre Knudsen (1937 in Vennesla - 2014) a Lutheran priest and anti-abortion activist [33]
  • Kristen Gislefoss (born 1954 in Vennesla) a meteorologist, prime time weather presenter for NRK
  • Kjetil Nordhus (born 1975 in Vennesla) a Norwegian singer, composer and music producer
  • Jorun Stiansen (born 1984) a Norwegian pop singer and artist, grew up in Vennesla
  • Maria Arredondo (born 1985 in Vennesla) a pop singer

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Vennesla is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2020). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian).
  4. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2020). "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian).
  5. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  6. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1912). Norske gaardnavne: Lister og Mandals amt (in Norwegian) (9 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. pp. 28–29.
  7. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 24 January 2017.
  8. ^ "Kommunevåpen" (in Norwegian). Vennesla kommune. Retrieved 24 January 2017.
  9. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (12 May 2016). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 16 November 2020.
  10. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2019 - Agder". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  11. ^ a b c d "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  12. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Vest-Agder". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  13. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1995" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1996. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  14. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1991" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1993. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  15. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1987" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1988. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  16. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1983" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1984. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  17. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1979" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1979. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  18. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1975" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1977. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  19. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1972" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1973. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  20. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1967" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1967. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  21. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1963" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1964. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  22. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960. Retrieved 5 December 2020.
  23. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  24. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  25. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  26. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  27. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1937" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1938. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  28. ^ "eKlima Web Portal". Norwegian Meteorological Institute. Archived from the original on 14 June 2004.
  29. ^ "Hunsfos næringspark" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 24 January 2017.
  30. ^ Store norske leksikon: Vennesla Tidende.
  31. ^ "Vigeland hovedgård (Vigelands verk)". Kulturminnesøk. Retrieved 1 February 2016.
  32. ^ "Historien til Vigeland hovedgård". Vigeland Hovedgård. Retrieved 1 February 2016.
  33. ^ Kolberg, Marit; Ustad Stav, Torill (18 August 2014). "Børre Knudsen er død" (in Norwegian).

External links[edit]