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|Skin changes as a result of long term venous stasis|
Causes of venous stasis include:
- Chronic venous insufficiency.
- Congestive heart failure.
- Long periods of immobility that can be encountered from driving, flying, bed rest/hospitalization, or having an orthopedic cast. Recommendations by clinicians to reduce venous stasis and DVT/PE often encourage increasing walking, calf exercises, and intermittent pneumatic compression when possible.
Potential complications of venous stasis are:
- Venous ulcers
- Blood clot formation in veins (venous thrombosis), as with the deep veins of the legs (deep vein thrombosis or DVT), potentially indicating thrombosis prophylaxis.
- "Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI)". Cleveland Clinic. Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 05/14/2019.
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