|Locale||Ventura, California, U.S.|
|Owner||City of Ventura|
|Construction||Douglas fir (pilings and deck)|
|Total length||1,600 ft (490 m)|
|Width||25.5 to 67.66 ft (7.77 to 20.62 m)|
|Ventura Historic Landmark No. 20|
The Ventura Pier, formerly known as the Ventura Wharf and the San Buenaventura Wharf, is a wooden pier located on the Pacific Ocean in Ventura, California. The pier has been designated as Ventura Historic Landmark No. 20. It is the oldest pier in California.
The pier was first built in 1872 and served for many years as a transportation hub and commercial wharf used to bring merchandise and lumber to the area and to export the area's agricultural products and crude oil. It has been partially destroyed by storms and waves on several occasions and by collision with the steamer Coos Bay in 1914. The pier's most recent reconstruction and renovation project was completed in 2000. From 1938 to 1995, it was the largest wooden pier on the California coast at a length of 1,958 feet (597 meters).
In its current configuration, the pier is 1,600 feet (490 meters) long. It is no longer used as a commercial wharf and is instead used for fishing and as a pedestrian walkway with views of Ventura and the Channel Islands.
Ownership and facilities
The Ventura Pier is owned and operated by the City of Ventura. The City acquired the pier in 1993 from the State of California. The California Department of Parks and Recreation owned the pier from 1949 to 1993. The City had previously owned the pier from 1940 to 1949. Prior to 1940, the pier was privately owned.
As of 2018, the pier is open to the public daily from 6:30 a.m. to 10:00 p.m. The pier features the following activities:
- Fishing from the pier deck. Species caught from the pier include jacksmelt, mackerel, sand sharks, perch, croaker, stingrays, Tom cod, halibut, and crabs. Cleaning stations are provided at locations along the pier. No fishing license is required to fish from the pier, but signs are posted on and around the cleaning stations identifying limitations on fishing activities, including size and species restrictions.
- The pier is popular for walking, jogging, and bicycling, and has views of the City of Ventura, the Channel Islands National Park (especially Anacapa and Santa Cruz Islands), Surfers Point, the Santa Barbara Channel, and the Topatopa Mountains. Evening views include sunsets over the Pacific Ocean and stargazing. Interpretive panels are displayed along the pier with information on the pier's history, local marine life and birds, the Channel Islands, and the Chumash Indians. The pier is also equipped with benches and rest rooms.
- The pier has a seafood restaurant (Beach House Fish, The Deck at Eric Ericsson's Fish Co.) and a taco shack (Beach House Tacos).
- The pier is located along San Buenaventura State Beach and the Omer Rains Coastal Bikeway. At the base of the pier on the west side, there is the Ventura Promenade Beach Playground. At the base of the pier on the east side, there is a kiosk for rental of bicycles, surreys, and beach equipment.
Pier Into The Future is a non-profit organization formed in 1993 to assist in preserving and maintaining the pier. The organization has established an endowment to support the pier and raises funds by selling naming opportunities and with two annual fundraising events: Pier Under the Stars and a sunset dinner in the spring.
Construction and purpose of the wharf
On May 20, 1871, two meetings of San Buenaventura citizens were held at Spear's Hall, one in the morning and a follow up in the evening, to discuss the construction of a wharf in Ventura. Articles of incorporation and bylaws were adopted for the formation of a company to undertake the project. Joseph Wolfson and his father-in-law Juan Camarillo were principal forces behind the wharf.
On May 18, 1872, the first piling was driven into the ground for the wharf. A ceremony was held at which Arcadia Camarillo, the wife of Joseph Wolfson who led the effort to build the wharf, broke a bottle of wine over the first piling. The wharf was completed nearly five months later on October 5, 1872. The Ventura Signal wrote: "At last a steamer can lay alongside of the wharf, and discharge and take on cargo and passengers. It is a grand improvement upon the old way, and duly appreciated by shippers and travelers." Robert Sudden was hired as the manager of the wharf, a position he held for more than two decades.
The wharf was built to promote the city's growth. Prior to construction of the wharf and continuing until the arrival of the railroad in 1887, ground transportation to Ventura was difficult, particularly in the rainy season when the flow of the Ventura and Santa Clara Rivers isolated the city. Accordingly, ships docking at the wharf also served as a principal means of transportation to and from Ventura.
In its early decades of operation, the pier was known as the Ventura Wharf and was used as a commercial wharf. The products shipped from the Ventura Wharf included agricultural products and eventually crude oil from the local oil fields. In its annual statement for the year ending April 30, 1898, the Ventura Wharf Company reported exports that included 518,204 barrels (82,387,900 l) of bulk oil, 80,384 bags of beans (all varieties), 28,819 bags of corn, 14,721 bags of barley, 11,855 boxes of oranges, and 6,285 boxes of lemons.
Shipwrecks, storms, and fires
During its years of operation as a wharf, the pier underwent damage on multiple occasions due to storms, shipwrecks, and fire.
On June 25, 1889, the W. L. Hardison, a steamer operated by oil interests in Santa Paula, California, became engulfed in fire at the wharf after taking on a load of 2,000 barrels crude oil. The ship and cargo were a total loss, but the six crewmen on the ship were able to escape.
Fifteen years later, on December 19, 1914, the steamer Coos Bay was wrecked at the wharf. The ship was attempting to moor "when a strong rip tide swung her hard against the piling." The ship swung under the wharf, and "heavy swell . . . made the steamer a trip-hammer pounding against the structure from the under-side and lifting large sections of the wharf almost at every blow." The ship sunk in 12 feet (3.7 meters) of water, and for two days, the ship continued to "roll with the incoming waves . . . tearing the wharf to pieces when she strikes."
On February 13, 1926, the wharf was destroyed by heavy surf during a winter storm. George Proctor, an accountant for the Ventura Wharf & Warehouse Co., was killed when he walked to the end of the wharf as the structure collapsed below him. A middle selection collapsed first, leaving Proctor stranded. The outer portion then collapsed, dropping Proctor to the water below.
Again in December 1934, heavy waves cause a partial collapse of the pier.
The fishing pier
The pier reached its greatest length of 1,958 feet (597 meters) when it was rebuilt after being damaged in a winter storm in 1937. At its maximum length, it was the longest wooden pier in California. The newly-constructed pier was not used as a commercial wharf and was used instead for fishing and recreation. The City of Ventura bought the pier in 1940 for $7,000.
Like the wharf that preceded it, the pier experienced repeated damage from storms and heavy surf. Notable instances include the following:
- On November 27, 1947, the Coos Bay, buried near the pier since 1914, was loosened from the sand and washed ashore, again causing damage to the pier. Hundreds of sight-seers "swarmed over the hull."
- On April 22, 1950, the pier reopened after a closure of several months following storm damage. Members of the Ventura County Boat Club dressed in costumes of Indian medicine men and performed a ritual intended to assure good fishing.
- In 1977 and 1978, the pier was again damaged in winter storms. It was closed for several months in late 1979 and early 1980 to undertake more than $163,000 in repairs, including the replacement of 35 pilings.
- In January 1983, the pier was damaged in winter storms, and the last 600 feet (180 meters) were closed and barricaded. Thirty-one pilings and guardrails were replaced at a cost of $100,000. The pier was closed for repairs from September to December 1984.
- In 1986, the pier was again damaged in winter storms and was closed for two years. In July 1988, the pier was re-opened, though the last section of approximately 400 feet (120 meters) remained closed.
In October 1993, the pier re-opened following a $3.5 million rehabilitation, including a new deck and the installation of a "swell-actuated sculpture" titled "Wavespout" that sprayed seawater as waves rolled by. With a deck length of 1,958 feet (597 meters), it was California's longest wooden pier. A ribbon-cutting ceremony was presided over by Mayor Greg Carson. The far end of the pier had been closed since 1986.
After heavy surf knocked out more than 20 pilings in December 1994 and January 1995, the pier was again closed. Then, on December 13, 1995, high surf from a storm sheared off approximately 420 feet (130 meters) of the pier. With the loss of this section, the pier ceased being the longest wooden pier on the California coast. The "Wavespout" sculpture at the end of the pier was also lost in the storm.
Following the 1995 storm damage, the city opted not to rebuild the pier to it prior length. On April 1, 2000, the pier re-opened after a $2.2-million renovation that included steel-reinforced pilings and a new octagonal section at the pier's end. The current length is 1,600 feet (490 meters).
In 1976, the pier was designated as Ventura Historic Landmark No. 20.
In popular culture
The Ventura Pier is a popular filming spot and has appeared in such programs as "Melrose Place". Other references to the pier in popular culture include:
- In the movie Little Miss Sunshine, characters Frank (Steve Carrell) and Dwayne (Paul Dano) have a heart to heart on the Ventura Pier.
- The Ventura Pier was featured in the 2014 novel, "Pier Rats" by Bruce Greif
- John Bowman (May 20, 1991). "Romantic history of Ventura's pier". The Ventura County Star-Free Press. p. D8.
- "Pier's past feted: Future of historic structure remains in doubt". The Ventura County Star-Free Press. September 25, 1989. p. A3.
- "Ventura Pier Fishing Is Quality Time". City of Ventura. Retrieved April 11, 2018.
- "Ventura Pier". Ken Jones. February 28, 2011. Retrieved April 30, 2018.
- Greg Rudder (March 10, 1994). "Porcelain and enamel pier panels to depict Ventura history, sea life". The Ventura County Star Free Press.
- Peggy Y. Lee (March 10, 1994). "An Ocean of Information: 18 Panels on Ventura Pier's History and Its Marine Life Installed". Los Angeles Times. pp. B1, B10.
- "Home page". Beach House Fish. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
- "Home page". Beach House Tacos. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
- "Home page". Wheel Fun Rentals. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
- Patricia Sewell (October 7, 1993). "Planking down money for a pier into the future". Oxnard Press Courier.
- "Ventura Pier Becomes Memorial of Tears, Joy". Los Angeles Times. July 25, 1994. pp. B1, B6.
- "About Us". Pier Into The Future. Retrieved April 11, 2018.
- "Ventura Wharf". Ventura County Historical Society Quarterly, Vol. 18, No. 3. Spring 1973. pp. 4–12.
- Amy Bentley (September 10, 2004). "Pier pleasure: Ventura's wooden wharf has been ruined, rebuilt many times and remains a popular place". Ventura County Star.
- Brochure titled "The Ventura Pier ... a bridge to the past," funded by the Channel Coast Natural History Association. Copy available in the Research Library of the Museum of Ventura County.
- "Ventura in the 1860s: Just Prior to Construction of the Pier". Ventura County & Coast Reporter. April 30, 1987. p. 22.
- Kathy Hughart (September 21, 1989). "Celebrating 117 Years ... Will Pier Get a Facelift?". Ventura County & Coast Reporter. p. 8.
- Cherie Brant (April 19–25, 1996). "Ventura Pier -- The Comeback Kid". Ventua Independent.
- "Ventura celebrates an old connection". The Ventura County Star-Free Press. September 19, 1989.
- "Ventura Pier interpretive panels". City of Ventura. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
- "Ventura Shipments". Los Angeles Times. May 15, 1898. p. 20 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Steamer Burned: The W.L. Hardison Destroyed While Loading Oil at Ventura". Los Angeles Times. June 26, 1889. p. 5 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Steamer Coos Bay Wrecked at Ventura". Los Angeles Times. December 20, 1914. p. 11.
- "Problem of Salvage: Steamer Coos Bay Still Pounds into Ventura Wharf -- Cargo Still in Hold". Los Angeles Times. December 22, 1914. p. II-8 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Seas Crush Ventura Wharf: Crowds See Man Struggle for His Life in Heavy Surf When Structure Collapses". The Ventura County Star. February 13, 1926. p. 1.
- "Part of Ventura Wharf Topples Into Ocean During Raging Seas Taking George Proctor With It". The Oxnard Daily Courier. February 13, 1926. p. 1 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Giant Waves at Ventura Wreck Part of Wharf". Santa Cruz Evening News. December 19, 1934. p. 1 – via Newspapers.com.
- Peggy Y. Lee (October 3, 1993). "Big Splash: Venerable Ventura Pier Reopens With Fanfare, Speeches". Los Angeles Times. pp. B1, B4.("The 1,958-foot pier is the longest wooden pier in the state.")
- Marni McEntee (September 26, 1993). "Ventura refits longest wood wharf in state". The Ventura County Star-Free Press. pp. A1, A8.
- Jane Hulse (November 10, 1994). "Ventura Pier Tour Offers Voyage Back Through Time". Los Angeles Times.
- "Surf Casts Up Old Steamer: Ship Sunk 33 Years Ago Hurled Upon Beach at Ventura". Los Angeles Times. November 28, 1947. p. II-10 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Ancient Ceremony Marks Ventura Pier Reopening". Los Angeles Times. April 23, 1950. p. 44 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Ventura Pier scheduled for major facelift". News Chronicle. August 26, 1979. p. 2.
- "Ventura Pier to close for repairs". Camarillo Daily News. October 5, 1979. p. A3.
- "Pier will be closed for repairs". The Ventura County Star-Free Press. September 22, 1984.
- "Repairs finished, Ventura Pier reopens". The Ventura County Star-Free Press. December 9, 1984.
- Brenda Loree (March 1986). "The Pier: Part of Ventura's Past, Part of Its Future". The Venturan News. p. 1.
- Dawn Yoshitake (November 23, 1986). "Waves assault shaky pilings at Ventura Pier". The Ventura County Star-Free Press. pp. A1, A2.
- "Ventura Pier Section Reopens, but Ultimate Fate Is Unclear". Los Angeles Times. July 7, 1988. p. VC2 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Ventura refits longest wood wharf in state". Ventura County Star Free Press. September 26, 1993. pp. A1, A8.
- "Longest Pier Reopens". The San Bernardino County Sun. October 3, 1993. p. 3 – via Newspapers.com.
- Dave Stone (October 3, 1993). "Thousands jump at chance to again walk Ventura Pier". unknown.
- "Taking a Pounding: High Waves Rip Out 9 Pilings, Closing the Ventura Pier". Los Angeles Times. December 20, 1994. p. B1 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Pier Closes Again as Pilings Snap". Los Angeles Times. January 3, 1995. p. B1 – via Newspapers.com.
- Mariko Thompson (January 3, 1995). "Rough seas close Ventura Pier again". Ventura County Star.
- Miguel Bustillo and Tracy Wilson (December 14, 1995). "Historic Ventura Pier Takes Another Battering". Los Angeles Times. p. A1 – via Newspapers.com.
- Tracy Wilson (February 24, 1996). "Pillars of the community". Los Angeles Times. pp. B1, B6.
- Scott Graves (December 14, 1995). "Moaning, gurgling 'Wavespout' torn from end of Ventura Pier: $80,000 Art Piece; Storm-driven waves rip loose sculpture, later found on beach". Ventura Star.
- Richard Warchol (December 14, 1995). "Storm-battered pier topples again: Massive waves shut it down for third time". The Ventura County Star. pp. A1, A9.
- "Perspective on the Pier". Los Angeles Times. June 28, 1998.
- "Ventura Hopes Rebuilt Pier Makes a Splash". Los Angeles Times. April 2, 2000. p. B3 – via Newspapers.com.
- "City of San Buenaventura Historic Landmarks & Districts". City of Ventura. May 3, 2016. Retrieved April 8, 2018.
- "Ventura Ready for Its Close-Up". Los Angeles Times. January 2, 1997.
- "Little Miss Sunshine clip". Fandango Movie Clips. Retrieved April 11, 2018.
- Karen Lindell (July 27, 2014). "Author relives boyhood surfing days in Ventura with a Pier Rat". The Ventura County Star.
- Bruce Greif (2014). "Pier Rats: A Novel". Retrieved April 29, 2018.