Venus of Tan-Tan
The Venus of Tan-Tan (supposedly, 500,000-300,000 BP) is an alleged artifact found in Morocco. It and its contemporary, the Venus of Berekhat Ram, have been claimed as the earliest representations of the human form.
The Venus of Tan-Tan was described by Robert G. Bednarik. The object is a 6 cm long, 2.6 cm wide, and 1.2 cm thick, 10 gram quartzite. It was discovered in 1999 during an archaeological survey by Lutz Fiedler, state archaeologist of Hesse, Germany, in a river terrace deposit on the north bank of the Draa River, near the bridge of the N1 national route over the Draa, about 10 km to the northeast of the Moroccan town of Tan-Tan.
The object, including its "arms" and "legs", was created by natural geological processes. The horizontal grooves on both sides of the object seem to be formed partly naturally partly artificially (by percussion). The object also contains traces of pigment, which seems to be iron and manganese according to preliminary study.
According to Bednarik, the object has a general human-like shape. It is assumed that this shape was recognized by early humans and the object was taken as a manuport. Then its horizontal grooves were accentuated by carving with a stone tools, emphasizing the artifact's anthropomorphous character. Possibly, a pigment was applied to further accentuate the human-like form.
To date, the findings of Bednarik have not been re-examined by other scholars and, thus, his statements have been neither confirmed nor rejected. Professor Stanley Ambrose, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, expressed an opinion (based on Bednarik's work and without studying the object directly) that the rock's shape was a result of natural weathering.
- Bednarik, Robert G. (2003). "A Figurine from the African Acheulian". Current Anthropology. 44 (3): 405–413. doi:10.1086/374900. ISSN 0011-3204.
- Bednarik, Robert G. (2003). "The earliest evidence of palaeoart". Rock Art Research. 20 (2): 89–135.
- Rincon, Paul (23 May 2003). "'Oldest sculpture' found in Morocco". BBC News. Retrieved 2021-04-07.
- Don Hitchcock (Don's Maps): "The Tan-Tan Venus"
- Visual-Arts-Cork.com: "Venus of Tan-Tan"
- Rock Art Network (Bradshaw Foundation): "Tan-Tan"
- James B. Harrod (OriginsNet): "Tan-Tan"