Vera Institute of Justice
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|Motto||"To drive change. To urgently build and improve justice systems that ensure fairness, promote safety, and strengthen communities."|
(FYE June 2019)
|Address||34 35th Street, Suite 4-2A, Brooklyn, New York 11232|
The Vera Institute of Justice, founded in 1961, is an independent nonprofit national research and policy organization in the United States. Based primarily in New York City, Vera also has offices in Washington, DC, and describes its goal as "to tackle the most pressing injustices of our day: from the causes and consequences of mass incarceration, racial disparities, and the loss of public trust in law enforcement, to the unmet needs of the vulnerable, the marginalized, and those harmed by crime and violence."
The Vera Institute of Justice was founded in New York City in 1961 by the philanthropist Louis Schweitzer and the magazine editor Herb Sturz. Both of them considered the city's bail system at the time to be unjust since it granted release based largely on income. Working with criminal justice leaders, they explored the problem, developed a solution, and rigorously tested it.
Within a few years, they had demonstrated that New Yorkers too poor to afford bail but with strong ties to their communities could be released and still show up for trial. Eventually, the model devised by Vera was adopted in many municipalities across the United States and led to the Bail Reform Act of 1966, which was signed by US President Lyndon B. Johnson and was the most significant reform of the bail system in America since 1789.
Funding and support
In 1966, the Vera Institute of Justice received assistance from the Ford Foundation to turn the foundation into a private nonprofit organization. Vera's annual operating budget is approximately $25 million. About 66% of its funding comes from work with governments, and the rest is supplied through agencies and other donors.
The Vera Institute of Justice organized the Commission on Safety and Abuse in America’s Prisons, to study issues relating to prison violence and abuse. The commission was co-chaired by former US Attorney General Nicholas Katzenbach and former Justice of the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit, John Joseph Gibbons. On June 8, 2006, the commission released its report to the US Congress recommending more attention be given to address problems of violence, insufficient mental health treatment, and health care in prisons. At a broader level, the commission the criticized US policy towards incarceration as costly and ineffective.
- "Vera Institute of Justice, Inc" (PDF). Foundation Center. Retrieved 24 April 2017.
- "About Us". Vera Institute of Justice. Retrieved 27 April 2016.
- "Mission and Origins". Vera Institute of Justice.
- "Mission". Commission on Safety and Abuse in America’s Prisons.
- Slevin, Peter (June 8, 2006). "U.S. Prison Study Faults System and the Public". The Washington Post.