Veracruz order of battle

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The following units and commanders of the U.S. and Mexican armed forces fought in the siege of Veracruz from March 9–29, 1847 during the Mexican-American War.

United States[edit]

U.S. Army[edit]

MG Winfield Scott

General Staff "Little Cabinet"[1]

Division Brigade Regiments and others

1st Division[2]
     MG William J. Worth

1st Brigade


   Col John Garland

2nd Brigade


   Col Newman S. Clarke

2nd Division
     MG David E. Twiggs

1st Brigade


   BG Persifor F. Smith

  • Mounted Riflemen - Maj William W. Loring
  • 1st U.S. Artillery - Maj Thomas Childs (serving as infantry)
  • 3rd U.S. Infantry - Cpt Edmund B. Alexander
  • Taylor's Light Battery, 1st U.S. Artillery - Capt Francis Taylor
2nd Brigade


   BG Bennet Riley

3rd "Volunteer" Division[3]
     MG Robert Patterson

1st Brigade


   BG John A. Quitman

2nd Brigade


   BG Gideon J. Pillow

3rd Brigade


   BG James Shields

Dragoons[4]

Dragoon Brigade


   Col William S. Harney

U.S. Navy[edit]

Home Squadron
Commodore David Conner
Commodore Matthew C. Perry

Class Vessel

Gunboats

USS Raritan (flagship)
  

Commodore David Conner

USS Potomac
  
USS Mississippi
  

Commodore Matthew C. Perry

USS St. Mary's
  
USS Petrita
  
USS Massachusetts
  
USS Ohio
  

Captain Silas H. Stringham

Mosquito Fleet
   Commodore Josiah Tattnall

Composition unknown

Mexico[edit]

Gen.br. Juan Estaban Morales second- Gen. Jose Juan Landero Engineers-Lt. Col. Manuel Robles Pezuela

Fortress Regiments and others

Fort Santiago and
Fort Concepción

3,360 men
  • Artillery (89 guns) About 22 artillery batteries-Col. Antonio Ortiz Izquierdo Note- 1
  • National Guard Artillery-Company (Battery?) Lt. Antonio Sosa 80 men
  • 2nd Infantry Regiment-Col. Bartolo Arzamendi 40 men
  • 8th Infantry Regiment-Col. Jose Felix Lopez 140 men
  • 11th Infantry Regiment-picket only- Capt. Miguel Camargo 41 men
  • 3rd Light Regiment-Capt. Juan J. Sanchez 150 men
  • Puebla Libres National Guard-Col. Pedro M. Herrera 350 men
  • Orizaba National Guard-Col. Jose Gutierrez Villanueva 500 men
  • Veracruz National Guard-Col. Jose Lucelmo 800 men
  • Marine Enrollees 80 men
  • Coatepec & Vergara Companies, Orilla Volunteers 109 men
  • Oaxaca National Guard-Col. Juan Aguayo 400 men
  • Tehuantepec National Guard-Comdte. Manuel Prieto 60 men
  • Company of Sappers-Comdte. Jose Maria Parra 100 men
  • Various 360 men


Fort San Juan de Ulúa

Gen.Jose Duran 1,030 men
  • Artillery (135 guns) About 34 artillery batteries-Col. Mariano Aguado 450 men Note- 2
  • Puebla Activo Battalion-Comdte. Fernando Urriza 180 men
  • Jamiltepec Activo Battalion-Col. N. Garcia 150 men
  • Tuxpan, Tampico & Alvarado Activos-Companies-Capts. Miguel Argumedo & Elegio Perez 250 men
                               ]

Note: No Mexican source lists the organization of their artillery. Note-1 Size & possible battery assignment: 11- 24 lb. bronze (3 batteries), 20- 16 lb. (5 btys.), 6- 12 lb. (2 btys), 4- 8 lbs. (1 bty), 4- 4 lb. (1 bty), 4-mountain (1 bty), 5-mortars 12 (1 bty), 6- mortars iron 13 (2 btys), 2-mortars iron 9, 7-howitzers (obus) 8 (2 btys), 20 bomberos iron 24, 12 & 8 (5 btys).

Note-2 Size & possible battery assignment: 39-24 lb bronze (10 btys), 4-16 lb ( 1bty), 4-8 (1 bty), 2-mortars 14, 36 bomberos 84,68,12 (9 btys), 48 iron guns 24, 16 lb. (12 btys).

References[edit]

  • Alcaraz, Ramon. "Apuntes para la historia de la Guerra entre Mexico y los Estados Unidos". Mexico City. Published by Manuel Payno. 1848.
  • Ramsey, Albert C. "The Other Side or Notes for the History of the War Between Mexico & the United States". New York, John Wiley. 1850.
  • Roa Barcena, Jose Maria. "Recuerdos de la invasion norte-americana". Ed. Antonio Castro Leal. Mexico City, Editorial Porrua. 1947.