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|SOV||"He him loves."||45%||Proto-Indo-European, Sanskrit, Hindi, Ancient Greek, Latin, Japanese|
|SVO||"He loves him."||42%||English, French, Hausa, Indonesian, Malay, Mandarin, Russian|
|VSO||"Loves he him."||9%||Biblical Hebrew, Arabic, Irish, Filipino, Tuareg, Welsh|
|VOS||"Loves him he."||3%||Malagasy, Baure, Proto-Austronesian|
|OVS||"Him loves he."||1%||Apalaí, Hixkaryana|
|OSV||"Him he loves."||0%||Warao|
surveyed by Russell S. Tomlin in 1980s ( )
In linguistic typology, a verb–object–subject or verb–object–agent language – commonly abbreviated VOS or VOA – is one in which the most-typical sentences arrange their elements in that order: "Ate oranges Sam."
Commonly cited examples include Austronesian languages (such as Malagasy, Old Javanese, Toba Batak, Dusun, and Fijian) and Mayan languages (such as Tzotzil). In Hadza the word order VOS is very common, but the default is VSO.
- Category:Verb–object–subject languages
- Introducing English Linguistics International Student Edition by Charles F. Meyer
- Russell Tomlin, "Basic Word Order: Functional Principles", Croom Helm, London, 1986, page 22
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