A Verbandsgemeinde (German pronunciation: [fɐˈbants.ɡəˌmaɪndə]; plural Verbandsgemeinden) is a low-level administrative unit in the German federal states of Rhineland-Palatinate and Saxony-Anhalt. A Verbandsgemeinde is typically composed of a small group of villages or towns.
The state of Rhineland-Palatinate is divided into 163 Verbandsgemeinden, which are municipal associations grouped within the 24 districts of the state and subdivided into 2,257 Ortsgemeinden (singular Ortsgemeinde) which comprise single settlements.
Most of the Verbandsgemeinden were established in 1969. Formerly the name of the administrative units was Amt. Most of the functions of municipal government for several municipalities are consolidated and administered centrally from a larger or more central town or municipality among the group, while the individual municipalities (Ortsgemeinden) still maintain a limited degree of local autonomy.
The 11 districts of Saxony-Anhalt are divided in Verwaltungsgemeinschaften and, since 1 July 2009 also Verbandsgemeinden. Since the January 2010 government reform, there are 18 Verbandsgemeinden in Saxony-Anhalt.
Other German states have similar administrative units:
- Eckl, Stefan (2007-01-01). Sportförderung und Sportpolitik in der Kommune (in German). LIT Verlag Münster. p. 115. ISBN 9783825801205.
- Ammermann, Joachim (2012-01-01). Die Struktur der Gemeinden im kreisangehörigen Raum: Vergleichend dargestellt am Beispiel des Kreises Euskirchen und des Landkreises Vulkaneifel (in German). BWV Verlag. p. 185. ISBN 9783830528210.
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