Verda Mae Freeman Welcome (18 March 1907 - 22 April 1990) was an American teacher, civil rights leader, and Maryland state senator. Welcome was the first black woman to be elected to a state senate. She spent 25 years in the Maryland legislature and worked to pass legislation which enforced stricter employment regulations and discouraged racial discrimination.
Early life and education
One of sixteen children of John Nuborn and Ella Theodocia Freeman, Verda Welcome was born on a small farm in Lake Lure (previously known as Uree), North Carolina. In 1929, she moved to Baltimore, and graduated from Coppin State Teachers College three years later. She married Dr. Henry C. Welcome in 1935. Welcome received a bachelor's degree in history from Morgan State College in 1939, and completed a master's degree in history at New York University in 1943. Between 1934 and 1945, Welcome taught at public schools in Baltimore. She was also a member of Delta Sigma Theta sorority.
In 1958, Welcome was elected to the Maryland House of Delegates to represent the Fourth District of Baltimore City, becoming the first black woman in the position, which she held for three years. Elected to the Maryland State Senate in 1962, she was the first black woman in the United States to be elected to hold a state senate seat. In April 1964, Welcome survived an assassination attempt; two men were convicted. In 1967, Welcome worked towards eliminating Maryland's racial segregation laws which had been in place since slavery was legal.
Welcome was awarded a Woman of the Year award in 1962, which was presented by the Women's Auxiliary to the National Medical Association. In 1988, she was inducted into the Maryland Women's Hall of Fame.
- Maryland General Assembly, Verda Freeman Welcome: A Person of Principle, 1991.
- Welcome, Verda F., My Life and Times: Verda F. Welcome As Told to James M. Abraham. Englewood Cliffs, NJ : Henry House Publishers, Inc., 1991.
- Paul McCardell. "Verda Freeman Welcome". Baltimore Sun.
- Derek Powell (3 November 2005). "Verda Freeman Welcome: A Prominent Figure In Black History". The Spokesman (The Independent Newspaper of Morgan State University).
- Welcome, Verda (1991). My Life and Times: Verda Welcome As Told to James M. Abraham. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Henry House Publishers, Inc. p. 1.
- Smith, Jessie Carney (1996). Notable Black American women. Detroit: Gale Research. p. 698. ISBN 0-8103-9177-5.
- "Verda F. Welcome, 83, A Maryland Legislator". New York Times. 25 April 1990.
- Maryland Commission for Women. "Maryland Women's Hall of Fame - Verda Freeman Welcome". Maryland State Archives. Retrieved 29 March 2009.