Verdal

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Verdal kommune
Verdal1-2007.jpg
Official logo of Verdal kommune
Trøndelag within
Norway
Verdal within Trøndelag
Verdal within Trøndelag
Coordinates: 63°47′53″N 11°56′57″E / 63.79806°N 11.94917°E / 63.79806; 11.94917Coordinates: 63°47′53″N 11°56′57″E / 63.79806°N 11.94917°E / 63.79806; 11.94917
CountryNorway
CountyTrøndelag
DistrictInnherad
Established1 Jan 1838
Administrative centreVerdalsøra
Government
 • Mayor (2019)Pål Sverre Fikse (Sp)
Area
 • Total1,547.77 km2 (597.60 sq mi)
 • Land1,474.85 km2 (569.44 sq mi)
 • Water72.92 km2 (28.15 sq mi)  4.7%
Area rank53 in Norway
Population
 (2020)
 • Total14,948
 • Rank80 in Norway
 • Density10.1/km2 (26/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
5.1%
Demonym(s)verdaling[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-5038
Official language formNeutral[2]
Websiteverdal.kommune.no

Verdal is a municipality in Trøndelag county, Norway. It is part of the Innherad region. The administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Verdalsøra. Some villages in the municipality include Forbregd/Lein, Lysthaugen, Stiklestad, Trones, Vera, Vinne, and Vuku.

The 1,548-square-kilometre (598 sq mi) municipality is the 53rd largest by area out of the 356 municipalities in Norway. Verdal is the 80th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 14,948. The municipality's population density is 10.1 inhabitants per square kilometre (26/sq mi) and its population has increased by 5.1% over the previous 10-year period.[3][4]

General information[edit]

The municipality of Værdalen was established on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). It is one of very few municipalities in Norway with unchanged borders since that date, although the spelling of the name was modified to Verdal.[5] On 1 January 2018, the municipality switched from the old Nord-Trøndelag county to the new Trøndelag county.

Name[edit]

The Old Norse form of the name was Veradalr (from the word Verardalr). The first element is the genitive case of the river name Ver (now called Verdalselva) and the last element is dalr which means "valley" or "dale". The meaning of the river name is probably "the quiet one". The name was historically spelled Værdalen.[6]

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms was granted on 15 December 1972. They show a gold cross on a red background. The cross is taken from a large painting in the Nidaros Cathedral in Trondheim, in which the death of King Olav Haraldsson (Saint Olaf) is shown. He died in the Battle of Stiklestad, the site of which is in Verdal municipality. In the painting, he holds a shield with the typical cross. To commemorate the battle, the cross was taken as arms for the municipality.[7]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has four parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Verdal. It is part of the Sør-Innherad prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Nidaros.

Churches in Verdal
Parish (sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Stiklestad Stiklestad Church Stiklestad 1180
Verdalsøra Chapel Verdalsøra 1969
Vera Vera Chapel Vera 1899
Vinne Vinne Church Vinne 1817
Vuku Vuku Church Vuku 1655

History[edit]

Battle of Stiklestad[edit]

The most famous battle in Norwegian history, the Battle of Stiklestad, took place at Stiklestad in Verdal in the year 1030. The Stiklestad Church was built afterwards at the place where King Olav Haraldsson, later redesigned as St. Olaf, died during the battle. Olavsstøtta, a memorial pillar dedicated to St. Olaf, was erected in 1807 to commemorate the Battle of Stiklestad. [8]

Verdalsraset[edit]

Early on the night of 19 May 1893, the most deadly landslide in modern Norwegian history, known as Verdalsraset, took place in Verdal. It killed 116 people and at least 500 animals when approximately 100 farms were swept away. A wet winter and several spring floods in the river made the quick clay under the topsoil in a large area of the valley turn into a fluid. The slide moved about 60,000,000 cubic metres (78,000,000 cu yd) of clay, completely reshaping the topography of the area, including moving the course of the river.[9]

Culture[edit]

Råning[edit]

This culture is known for young people interested in cars, spending most of their time improving, enhancing, and styling their cars, and then driving them for display on a particular route around the town centre. This is not only positive, as they do show some general disregard for common laws and regulations. People living in the town center are at times bothered by noise, usually music being played at high volumes from their cars.

Stiklestad[edit]

Verdal is the location of the Stiklestad National Cultural Centre. The Saint Olav Drama appears here on an open stage every year in July. The play centers on events leading up to the Battle of Stiklestad.[10][11]

Geography[edit]

Part of the Verdal river (Verdalselva).

Verdal is centered on the Verdal valley. The river Verdalselva runs through the valley into the Trondheimsfjord at Verdalsøra. The rivers Helgåa and Inna join together at Vuku to form the Verdalselva. The lake Veresvatnet flows into the river Helgåa and the lake Innsvatnet flows into the river Inna. The large lake Leksdalsvatnet lies on the Verdal-Steinkjer border. The southern tip of the large Blåfjella–Skjækerfjella National Park lies in the northeastern part of Verdal. Rinnleiret is a beach area along the Levanger-Verdal border in the west.

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Verdal, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[12] The municipality falls under the Inntrøndelag District Court and the Frostating Court of Appeal.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Verdal is made up of 35 representatives that are elected to four-year terms. The party breakdown of the council is as follows:

Verdal Kommunestyre 2020–2023 [13]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)10
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)1
 Green Party (Miljøpartiet De Grønne)1
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Red Party (Rødt)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)18
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
Total number of members:35
Verdal Kommunestyre 2016–2019 [14]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)15
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)2
 Green Party (Miljøpartiet De Grønne)1
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)11
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:35
Verdal Kommunestyre 2012–2015 [15]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)17
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)3
 Conservative Party (Høyre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:35
Verdal Kommunestyre 2008–2011 [14]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)17
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)5
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:35
Verdal Kommunestyre 2004–2007 [14]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)16
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)5
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)4
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:35
Verdal Kommunestyre 2000–2003 [14]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)23
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)4
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)8
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:45
Verdal Kommunestyre 1996–1999 [16]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)20
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)14
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 Professional Political Association List
(Faglig Politisk foreningsliste)
1
Total number of members:45
Verdal Kommunestyre 1992–1995 [17]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)19
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høyre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)11
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)6
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 Professional Political Association List
(Faglig Politisk foreningsliste)
1
Total number of members:45
Verdal Kommunestyre 1988–1991 [18]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)21
 Conservative Party (Høyre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
 Professional-politics list (Faglig-politisk liste)5
Total number of members:45
Verdal Kommunestyre 1984–1987 [19]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)25
 Conservative Party (Høyre)5
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)1
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
 Joint list of Independent voters and Progress Party
(Uavhengige velgere og Fremskrittspartiet)
1
Total number of members:45
Verdal Kommunestyre 1980–1983 [20]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)21
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høyre)5
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)1
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Liberal People's Party (Liberale Folkepartiet)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)9
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
Total number of members:45
Verdal Kommunestyre 1976–1979 [21]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)20
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
 New People's Party (Nye Folkepartiet)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)11
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)4
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
Total number of members:45
Verdal Kommunestyre 1972–1975 [22]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)18
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)8
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
 Socialist common list (Venstresosialistiske felleslister)4
Total number of members:37
Verdal Kommunestyre 1968–1971 [23]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)19
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)8
 Socialist People's Party (Sosialistisk Folkeparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
1
Total number of members:37
Verdal Kommunestyre 1964–1967 [24]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)21
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
1
Total number of members:37
Verdal Herredsstyre 1960–1963 [25]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)17
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
3
Total number of members:37
Verdal Herredsstyre 1956–1959 [26]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)19
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
 Farmers' Party (Bondepartiet)7
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
1
Total number of members:37
Verdal Herredsstyre 1952–1955 [27]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)18
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
 Farmers' Party (Bondepartiet)7
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
Total number of members:36
Verdal Herredsstyre 1948–1951 [28]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)36
Total number of members:36
Verdal Herredsstyre 1945–1947 [29]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)18
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)6
 Farmers' Party (Bondepartiet)6
 Liberal Party (Venstre)5
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)1
Total number of members:36
Verdal Herredsstyre 1938–1941* [30]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)16
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)4
 Farmers' Party (Bondepartiet)7
 Liberal Party (Venstre)8
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)1
Total number of members:36

Mayor[edit]

The mayors of Verdal (incomplete list):

Economy[edit]

Offshore industry (Aker Verdal) and agriculture are two of the most important parts of Verdal's economy. Despite its small size, Verdal is a municipality with great personality and cultural integrity. After several lottery grand prizes were received by some lucky inhabitants of Verdal, it is also known as one of the great "Lotto-bygds" of Norway (Small places with high a concentration of lottery wins in the national game of Lotto).

Transportation[edit]

European route E6 runs north and south through Verdalsøra, connecting the municipality with Steinkjer to the north and Levanger to the south. The Nordland Line also runs north and south through the municipality. There are two stations in Verdal: Verdal Station in Verdalsøra and Bergsgrav Station in Vinne.

Stiklestad area, 30 August 2003

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2020). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian).
  4. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2020). "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian).
  5. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  6. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1903). Norske gaardnavne: Nordre Trondhjems amt (dokpro.uio.no) (in Norwegian) (15 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 117.
  7. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2018-04-04.
  8. ^ Olavsstøtta (Nationalen Kulturzentrum Stiklestad)
  9. ^ "Verdalsraset" (in Norwegian). Geoportalen.no. Retrieved 2008-11-17.
  10. ^ Stiklestad Nasjonale Kultursenter EXARC
  11. ^ Spelet om Heilag Olav – Stiklestad – Verdal – Nord Trøndelag (Nationalen Kulturzentrum Stiklestad)
  12. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (2016-05-12). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2019-01-01.
  13. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2019 - Trøndelag". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 2019-10-20.
  14. ^ a b c d "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2015 - Nord-Trøndelag". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 2019-10-20.
  15. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Nord-Trøndelag". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 2019-10-20.
  16. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1995" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1996. Retrieved 2020-04-12.
  17. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1991" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1993. Retrieved 2020-04-12.
  18. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1987" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1988. Retrieved 2020-04-12.
  19. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1983" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1984. Retrieved 2020-04-12.
  20. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1979" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1979. Retrieved 2020-04-12.
  21. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1975" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1977. Retrieved 2020-04-12.
  22. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1972" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1973. Retrieved 2020-04-12.
  23. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1967" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1967. Retrieved 2020-04-12.
  24. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1963" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1964. Retrieved 2020-04-12.
  25. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960. Retrieved 2020-04-12.
  26. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957. Retrieved 2020-04-12.
  27. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952. Retrieved 2020-04-12.
  28. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948. Retrieved 2020-04-12.
  29. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947. Retrieved 2020-04-12.
  30. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1937" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1938. Retrieved 2020-04-12.

External links[edit]