Verdicenan Kadın

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Verdicenan Kadın
وردجنان قادین
Verd-i Cenan III. Kadınefendi Hazretleri.JPG
Imperial consort of the Ottoman Sultan
Tenure 1844 – 25 June 1861
Born Saliha Achba
c. 1830 (1830)
Sukhumi, Abkhazia, Ottoman Empire
Died 9 December 1889(1889-12-09) (aged 58–59)
Feriye Palace, Istanbul, Ottoman Empire
Burial Yeni Mosque, Istanbul
Spouse Abdülmecid I
Issue Șehzade Ahmed Kemaleddin
Münire Sultan
Full name
Turkish: Verdicenan Kadın
English: Wardijanan Qadin
Ottoman Turkish: ورد جنان قادين
Posthumous name
Merhume ve Mağfurun-leha Cennetmekan Firdevs-i aşiyan Devletlü Ismetlü Üçüncü Verdicenan Kadın Efendi Hazretleri
House Anchabadze (by birth)
Father Kaytuk Giorgi Achba
Mother Yelizaveta Hanım
Religion Sunni Islam

Verdicenan Kadın (Ottoman Turkish: ورد جنان قادين‎;[1] c. 1830 – 9 December 1889) was a consort of Sultan Abdülmecid I of the Ottoman Empire.[2][3]

Early life[edit]

Verdicenan Kadın was born in the Anchabadze family, in Sukhumi, Abkhazia. Her personal name was Saliha.[4] Her father was Kaytuk Giorgi Bey Achba (1793–1848) and her mother was Yelizaveta Hanım (1795–1843).[4][5][6] She had two brothers, Islam Bey and Ahmet Bey, and two sisters, Peremrüz Hanım and Embruvaz Hanım. She was the paternal grandaunt of Pesend Hanım, consort of Sultan Abdul Hamid II.[5]

Marriage[edit]

In 1843 Saliha left her city of birth and arrived at Istanbul. In 1844, Saliha, married for a political alliance, Abdülmecid at the Old Çırağan Palace, Istanbul. The marriage proposal was put forth by Verdicenan's father, Kaytuk Giorgi Bey, and was accepted by Abdülmecid which led to their betrothal.[4] She was granted the rank of Sixth Primary Consort under the name Verdicenan (وردجنان آلتینجی قادين). Her whole family was ennobled, father, brothers and nephews. The most notorious were her brother, Islam Bey's son Rasim Bey, who was given the position of doctor in the palace and her brother Ahmet Bey's son Osman Pasha, who was given the position of aide at Sultan Abdülaziz's palace.[4]

On 9 December 1844, she gave birth to Münire Sultan, when the courth moved to the Topkapı Palace for a brief period.[7][8] In August 1845, she was promoted to the rank of Fifth Primary Consort (وردجنان بشنجی قادين). On 3 December 1847, she gave birth to Şehzade Ahmed Kemaleddin, at the Old Çıragan Palace.[2][3][7][8] In November 1851 she was promoted to the rank of Fourth Primary Consort (وردجنان درتنجی قادين). In October 1852 she was further promoted to the rank of Third Primary Consort (وردجنان اوچنجی قادين).

Last years and death[edit]

After Gülüstü Hanım's death in 1865, her daughter Mediha Sultan was entrusted in Verdicenan's care. In 1879, Verdicenan played a major role in Mediha Sultan's marriage to Samipashazade Necip Bey.[9]

Verdicenan Kadın died on 9 November 1889 at Feriye Palace, and was buried in the Mausoleum of the imperial ladies at the Yeni Mosque, Istanbul.[4][10][11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sicilli Osmani (1890) by Süreyya Bey, Mehmet, 1845–1909
  2. ^ a b Osman Selaheddin Osmanoğlu, Ertuğrul Osman (1999). Osmanli Devleti'nin Kuruluşunun 700. Yılında Osmanlı Hanedanı. Islâm Tarih, Sanat ve Kültür Araştırma Vakfı. ISBN 978-9-757-87408-9. 
  3. ^ a b Ali Vâsıb (2004). Bir Şehzadenin hâtırâtı: vatan ve menfâda gördüklerim ve işittiklerim. YKY. ISBN 978-9-750-80878-4. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Harun Açba (2007). Kadın Efendiler: 1839–1924. Profil. ISBN 978-9-759-96109-1. 
  5. ^ a b İlk Türk kadın ressam: Mihri Rasim (Müşfik) Açba : 1886 İstanbul-1954 New-York. As Yayın. 2007. ISBN 978-9-750-17250-2. 
  6. ^ Bir Çerkes prensesinin harem hatıraları. L & M. 2004. ISBN 978-9-756-49131-7. 
  7. ^ a b The Concubine, the Princess, and the Teacher: Voices from the Ottoman Harem. University of Texas Press. 2010. pp. 144–47. ISBN 978-0-292-78335-5. 
  8. ^ a b Genealogy Of The Imperial Ottoman Family (2005)
  9. ^ Fanny Davis (1986). The Ottoman Lady: A Social History from 1718 to 1918. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 6. ISBN 978-0-313-24811-5. 
  10. ^ Yılmaz Öztuna (1989). İslâm devletleri: devletler ve hanedanlar. Kültür Bakanlığı. ISBN 978-9-751-70469-6. 
  11. ^ M. Çağatay Uluçay (2011). Padişahların kadınları ve kızları. Ötüken. ISBN 978-9-754-37840-5.