From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Dutch Reformed Church, Vereeniging
Dutch Reformed Church, Vereeniging
Coat of arms of Vereeniging
Coat of arms
Motto: Per Pacem Ad Industriam
("From peace to industry")
Vereeniging is located in Gauteng
 Vereeniging shown within Gauteng
Coordinates: 26°40′25″S 27°55′55″E / 26.67361°S 27.93194°E / -26.67361; 27.93194Coordinates: 26°40′25″S 27°55′55″E / 26.67361°S 27.93194°E / -26.67361; 27.93194
Country South Africa
Province Gauteng
District Sedibeng
Municipality Emfuleni
Established 1892
 • Total 188.19 km2 (72.66 sq mi)
Elevation 1,479 m (4,852 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 99,787
 • Density 530/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[1]
 • Black African 55.0%
 • Coloured 5.1%
 • Indian/Asian 5.8%
 • White 33.1%
 • Other 1.0%
First languages (2011)[1]
 • Afrikaans 34.9%
 • Sotho 26.2%
 • English 15.5%
 • Zulu 8.3%
 • Other 15.2%
Postal code (street) 1930
PO box 1939
Area code 016

Vereeniging (Afrikaans pronunciation: [fəˈreənəχɨŋ]) is a city in Gauteng province, South Africa, situated where the Klip River empties into the northern loop of the Vaal River. It is also one of the constituent parts of the Vaal Triangle region and was formerly situated in the Transvaal province. The name Vereeniging is derived from the Dutch word meaning "association" or "union".

Geographical information[edit]

Vereeniging is situated in the southern part of Gauteng Province, and its neighbors are Vanderbijlpark (to the west), Three Rivers (east), Meyerton (north) and Sasolburg (south). The city is currently one of the most important industrial manufacturing centres in South Africa, with its chief products being iron, steel, pipes, bricks, tiles and processed lime.

The predominant language in Vereeniging is Afrikaans, followed closely by English and Sesotho.


The blockhouse in Vereeniging built by the British during the Second Boer War.

The city was founded in 1892 and much of its early growth was due to the nearby coal mines.

The city is the location where the Treaty of Vereeniging ending the Second Boer War (1899–1902) was negotiated. During this conflict, a concentration camp was set up by the British military in the area. The concentration camp at Vereeniging was set up in September 1900, and by October 1901 housed 185 men, 330 women, and 452 children. Conditions at the camp were very poor: water was brought by cart (there was no direct water supply) and there were only 24 latrines. Most inmates lived in bell-tents but there was a dispensary and a school. Today, the Maccauvlei Golf Course is on the site of the concentration camp.[citation needed]

Vereeniging was one of the first municipalities in South Africa to provide better housing for Africans[citation needed]. Near Vereeniging is the predominantly black community of Sharpeville, Gauteng, the site of the Sharpeville massacre in 1960.

Trade and industry[edit]

The city's motto is Per Pacem ad Industriam (Through peace to industry). It is currently one of the most important industrial manufacturing centres in South Africa, with its chief products being iron, steel, pipes, bricks, tiles and processed lime. Several coal mines are also still situated in the area, with reserves being estimated at four billion tons. Other mines nearby extract fire-clay, silica and building stone. Vereeniging also has several Eskom thermal power plants that supply electricity to the nearby goldmines.

Vereeniging has been mentioned jokingly as the town in South Africa which has the most vehicle dealerships per square metre.

Suburbs and municipality[edit]

In the census of 2001 the population of Vereeniging was recorded as 73,283.[2]

Vereeniging consists of 29 suburbs, of which 7 forms part of Three Rivers:

  • Arcon Park & -Proper
  • Bedworth Park
  • Dickensonville
  • Duncanville
  • Falcon Ridge
  • Fisheagle Estate (Three Rivers)
  • Homer
  • Kubali (Three Rivers)
  • Leeuhof
  • Peacehaven & -Proper
  • Powerville
  • Randwater
  • Risiville (Three Rivers)
  • Roodt's Gardens
  • Sharpeville
  • Sonland Park
  • Spider Valley
  • Springcol
  • Steel Park
  • Three Rivers (Three Rivers)
  • Three Rivers Proper (Three Rivers)
  • Three Rivers East (Three Rivers)
  • Uitvlugt
  • Unitas Park
  • Vereeniging Central
  • Vischgat
  • Waldrift
  • Zuikerbosch
  • Zuikerbosch Estate (Three Rivers)

Since 1999, Vereeniging has been part of the Emfuleni Local Municipality, along with Vanderbijlpark and the smaller Three Rivers.

Map of Three Rivers


Various health services are available in Vereeniging. The majority of these services are located in or near the major medical centres. These include:

  • Vereeniging Medi-Clinic
  • Midvaal Private Hospital
  • Kopanong Hospital
  • Sebokeng Hospital
  • Nkanyezi Private Hospital
  • Johan Heyns Hospital


  • The Vaal High School (English medium)
  • 3 Rivers Christian Academy (English medium - ACE)
  • Milton Primary (English medium)
  • Suikerbos Laerskool (Afrikaans medium)
  • Handhawer Laerskool (Afrikaans medium)
  • Sonland Park Laerskool (Afrikaans & English)
  • Unitas Park Laerskool (Afrikaans medium)
  • Selborne Primary (English medium)
  • Arcon Park Primary (English medium)
  • Three Rivers Laerskool (English & Afrikaans)
  • Vryheidsmonument Laerskool (Afrikaans medium)
  • Risiville Laerskool (Afrikaans medium)
  • Vereeniging Gimnasium (Afrikaans medium, Amalgamation of Vereeniging High School and Technical High School Vereeniging)
  • Three Rivers High (Afrikaans & English)
  • Overvaal High (Afrikaans medium)
  • Riverside High (English medium)
  • General Smuts High (English medium)
  • Word of Life School (English medium - CIE)
  • Phoenix High (English medium)

Tertiary institutions[edit]

Notable residents[edit]


The latest crime statistics for Vereeniging Police Precinct was issued by the South African Police Service (SAPS) in September 2010. The SAPS crime report[3] showed the following information:

Type of crime 2008/2009 2009/2010
Burglary at non-residential premises 302 348
Burglary at residential premises 505 797
Theft of motor vehicle and motorcycle 586 609
Carjacking 48 77
Truck hijacking 31 37
Flooding along Sugarbush Drive, Three Rivers Proper
Brandmuller Avenue in Three Rivers Proper

Flooding 2011[edit]

In December 2010 and January 2011 the southern part of Gauteng and Mpumulanga experienced a higher than normal rainfall. This resulted in the need to release more water from the nearby Vaal dam. As a consequence, parts of Vereeniging, Three Rivers and the rest of the towns downstream were flooded.

Coat of arms[edit]

Vereeniging coat of arms (1955)

Vereeniging established a municipality in 1912. By 1931, the town council had assumed an emblem depicting bridge across a river, and two clasped hands.

The town council obtained a coat of arms from the College of Arms in October 1955, registered it with the Transvaal Provincial Administration in October 1957[4] and with the Bureau of Heraldry in June 1987.[5]

The arms were : Sable, on a fess wavy Or a barrulet wavy Tenne, the fess between in chief a thunderbolt between two picks, Or, and in base a steel pipe palewise proper between two cogwheels, also Or. In layman's terms, the design is a black shield displaying, from top to bottom, a golden heraldic thunderbolt between two picks, a wavy orange stripe edged in gold, and an upright golden pipe between two cogwheels.

The crest was a dove of peace perched on two clasped hands; the supporters were a lion and a zebra standing on a grassy base strewn with veld flowers; and the motto was Per pacem ad industriam.


  1. ^ a b c d "Main Place Vereeniging". Census 2011. 
  2. ^ "Main Place 'Vereeniging'". Census 2001. Retrieved 15 April 2011. 
  3. ^ Vereeniging 2010 Crime Statistics
  4. ^ Transvaal Official Gazette 2664 (23 October 1957).
  5. ^ National Archives of South Africa : Data of the Bureau of Heraldry

External links[edit]